• Lesson 1. All about you
  • FOCUS ON VOCABULARY
  • FOCUS ON GRAMMAR
  • READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE
  • Lesson 2. Around the world
  • LEAD-IN
  • FOCUS ON VOCABULARY
  • FOCUS ON GRAMMAR
  • READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE
  • Lesson 3. Information
  • LEAD-IN
  • FOCUS ON VOCABULARY
  • FOCUS ON GRAMMAR
  • READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE
  • Lesson 4. Meeting people
  • LEAD-IN
  • FOCUS ON VOCABULARY
  • FOCUS ON GRAMMAR
  • READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE
  • Lesson 5. A plae to live
  • LEAD-IN
  • FOCUS ON VOCABULARY
  • FOCUS ON GRAMMAR
  • READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE
  • Lesson 6. Spare time
  • LEAD-IN
  • FOCUS ON VOCABULARY
  • FOCUS ON GRAMMAR
  • READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE
  • Lesson 7. At the office
  • LEAD-IN
  • FOCUS ON VOCABULARY
  • FOCUS ON GRAMMAR
  • READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE
  • Lesson 8. Now and then
  • LEAD-IN
  • FOCUS ON VOCABULARY
  • FOCUS ON GRAMMAR
  • READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE
  • Lesson 9. When we were young
  • LEAD-IN
  • FOCUS ON VOCABULARY
  • FOCUS ON GRAMMAR
  • READING AND SPEAKING PRACTICE
  • Lesson 10. Directions
  • LEAD-IN
  • FOCUS ON VOCABULARY
  • FOCUS ON GRAMMAR
  • READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE
  • 1

    Lesson 1. All about you

    , !

    , !

    ( )(www.deniskredit.ru)

    1.Test yourself. How much English do you know?

    . ?

    A. What is the next number? (4 points)

    ?


    B. Name 6 countries of the World.(6 points)

    .

    ......................... ............................ .............................

    ......................... ............................ .............................

    C. Fill in the missing letters. (19 points)

    .

    Tele...hone, cin...ma, comp...ter, ta...i, cam...ra, tele...ision, passp...rt, je...ns, rad...o, b...nk, cass...tte, di...c, vid...o, sand...ich, ba..., toil...t, hot...l, fo...tball, rest...urant.

    D. Match the questions to the answers. (6 points)

    .


    If your result is 3035, your English is OK!

    If your result is less than 29, you must study more!

    FOCUS ON VOCABULARY

    Nouns

    1.north

    in the north of France

    2.south

    in the south of Italy

    3.east

    the East of Russia

    4.west

    East or West home is best.

    5.square

    I live in Leslie Square.

    6.transport

    The transport system is OK in Russia.

    7.nationality

    What is your nationality?

    8.the way

    What is the way to the bank?

    9.road

    I live in 76, Denver Road.

    10.country

    What country are you from?

    11.writer

    12.student

    13.teacher

    14.farmer

    15.bus driver

    16.lawyer

    17.nurse ,

    18.dentist

    19.architect

    20.doctor

    21.accountant

    22.guide

    23.managing director ,

    24.housewife

    Adjectives

    1.old ,

    2.new

    new computers, a new film

    3.big

    4.lovely

    It is a lovely day!

    5.long

    The story is long.

    6.interesting

    It is an interesting plan.

    7.foreign

    It is a foreign car.

    Verbs

    1.to change ,

    to change money

    2.to put ,

    I can put this information on the computer.

    3.to want

    4.to complete

    I want to complete this form.

    5.to write

    Can you write your address, please?

    6.to read

    Can you read this information, please?

    Words and Expressions

    1.Tell me about yourself, please. , .

    2.formal documents

    3.Id like to ask some questions. .

    ( ) , .

    Marketing . [], 1- , r g .

    .

    , .

    , , ( . : ).

    1.Match the halves of the words.

    .


    2.Complete the gaps with a suitable word or phrase from the Word Box.

    , .


    3.Translate into English.

    .

    1. ? .........................................................

    2. . .........................................................

    3. . .........................................................

    4. ! .........................................................

    5. . .........................................................

    6. . .........................................................

    7. . .........................................................

    8. . .........................................................

    9. . .........................................................

    10. , . .........................................................

    4.Write the full question and answer it.

    .

    Example: Your surname?

    What is your surname? My surname is Terner.

    1.Your job?

    2.Your nationality?

    3.What country / from?

    4.Are / a lawyer?

    5.Do / want / to read this formal document?

    6.What / the way to the bank?

    7.Can / write your address?

    8.Do / live in the north of Russia?

    9.Where / Trafalgar Square?

    10.Do / live in Christie Road?

    5.Write your own sentences with the words given.

    .

    in the east of Russia

    tell me

    lovely

    want

    road

    formal

    the way

    complete

    student

    some questions

    Language focus 1

    Id like

    /

    Id like (I would like) to see a film.

    .

    Would you like to see a film?

    ?

    Id like (I would like) this radio, please.

    , . ( )

    I wouldnt like to change money.

    .

    6.Write as many sentences as possible.

    .


    7.Write your answers to the questions.

    .

    1.Would you like to write a book?

    2.Would you like to live in Great Britain?

    3.Would you like to put this information on the computer?

    4.Would you like to change money?

    5.Would you like to go to the theatre?

    6.Would you like to tell me your telephone number?

    Language focus 2

    Speech patterns


    FOCUS ON GRAMMAR

    Language focus 1

    Personal pronouns and to be

    to be


    1.Choose the right variant: am, is, are

    : am, is, are

    1.We.....................in Kingston Road.

    2.Where.....................they from?

    3.My children........................in the north of Russia.

    4......................the transport good?

    5.It.....................the way to my house.

    6.My friends........................accountants.

    7...........................your sister a guide?

    8.I.......................a writer.

    2.Ask questions. Give negative answers.

    . .

    Example: My brothers are farmers. Are they farmers? They arent farmers.

    1.The transport is bad in this town.

    2.I am a housewife.

    3.They are managers of this company.

    4.We are from this country.

    5.The way is very long.

    6.The days are lovely.

    7.This road is new.

    8.You are new accountants here.

    9.The documents are old.

    10.The company is in Dover Road.

    3.Find one mistake in each sentence.

    .

    1.Is the days lovely?

    2.Yes, my children arent in the bar.

    3.The cinema is in Rithen Square?

    4.I is not at the bank.

    5.The taxi arent near the theatre.

    6.Where the hotel?

    7.What is your names?

    8.The towns arent in the north of France.

    9.I am not a student, I a doctor.

    10.Where are he from?

    Language focus 2

    Pronouns


    4.Choose the correct variant.

    .

    1..............house is in Spain.

    A. their B. them C. us

    2.Tell...............about this country.

    A. our B. us C. she

    3...................are not from Japan.

    A. he B. they C. our

    4.They are ................children.

    A. we B. its C. his

    5.Take this book. Give..................to the manager, please.

    A. her B. them C. it

    6.I want to tell...................the story.

    A. them B. its C. me

    7.Give.....................this banana, please.

    A. he B. me C. our

    8..................street is in the north.

    A. me B. it C. our

    9.................have a nice bar.

    A. they B. our C. her

    10.This is................new car.

    A. us B. it C. my

    5.Write your own sentences with the following pronouns.

    .

    Example: (they) They live in the north of Russia.

    (my).........................................................................................................

    (her)........................................................................................................

    (them)......................................................................................................

    (our)........................................................................................................

    (its)..........................................................................................................

    (it)...........................................................................................................

    (me).........................................................................................................

    (we).........................................................................................................

    6.Write in the correct form of the verb to be.

    to be.

    1.Our house...........lovely.

    2.Their children (not)...................at the bank.

    3.We ..................in the east of Spain now.

    4.................it your new car?

    5.Where..................their managers?

    6.What....................his nationality?

    7.They (not)...................secretaries, they..................lawyers.

    8.................I your new managing director?

    9.Where..................our documents?

    10.It (not)......................my address.

    READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE

    1.Make up dialogues putting the sentences in the right order.

    , .


    2.Speak about yourself. Choose the correct variant.

    . .

    1.I am / am not married.

    2.My country is / is not big.

    3.The day is / isnt lovely.

    4.My friends are / arent from Italy.

    5.My children are / arent big.

    6.My name is / isnt Ann.

    7.My work is / isnt interesting.

    8.My company is / isnt good.

    9.I am / am not a manager.

    10.My town is / isnt in the north.

    Close your eyes. Try to recollect as many sentences as possible.

    . .

    3.Read the dialogues and try to remember them.

    .

    A.

    Sarah: Good morning.

    Martin: Good morning. How are you?

    Sarah: Im fine, thanks. And you?

    Martin: Im O.K. It is a lovely day today.

    Sarah: Yes. Where are your friends?

    Martin: They are in Dublin?

    Sarah: In Dublin? Where is Dublin?

    Martin: It is in Ireland.

    Sarah: Are you from Ireland?

    Martin: No, Im from Britain.

    B.

    David: What is your job?

    Mary: Im a guide.

    David: Where is your company?

    Mary: Its in London.

    David: Where are you from?

    Mary: Im from Dover.

    David: Where is Dover?

    Mary: Its in the south-east of Britain.

    David: Oh. Is the transport good?

    Mary: The transport to London? Yes, it is good.

    4.Say what you would like to.

    , .

    Example: I would like / Id like to work here.


    5.Read the answer. What is the question?

    . ?

    1.........................................................................

    Yes, Id like to tell you about London.

    2.........................................................................

    They are from Italy.

    3.........................................................................

    Im fine, thanks.

    4.........................................................................

    There.

    5.........................................................................

    Im an accountant.

    6.Read the dialogues and try to remember them.

    .

    In the shop 1.

    A: Good morning, Denis Shevchuk.

    B: Good morning. Id like a book about India.

    A: Yes, please.

    B: Oh, it is lovely. How much is it?

    A: It is ten dollars.

    B: Five, ten.

    A: Thank you.

    B: Good bye.

    A: Good bye.

    In the shop 2.

    A: Good evening.

    B: Good evening. Excuse me, please. Can I help you?

    A: Yes, please. Id like a video cassette, please.

    B: What video cassette? Would you like a film?

    A: Yes, I would like to see a foreign film.

    B: We have an interesting film about America.

    A: Its lovely.

    B: Would you like to take it?

    A: Yes, please. How much is it?

    B: Its 10 pounds.

    A: Thank you.

    Make your own dialogues in the shop.

    .

    7.Read this text.

    .

    Sams job

    My name is Denis Shevchuk. I work for INTERFINANCE company. It is in London. Im a manager. We help children to get a job for their summer holidays. I work on a computer. I get some information and put it on the computer. My work is interesting. I want to help the children. I ask them some questions about their day, their hobbies, their family.

    Where are you from?

    Im from the north of London.

    O.K. The north of London. What is your telephone number?

    Its 54-44-66.

    What would you like?

    I would like to work in a hotel.

    Good.

    Thank you.

    Tell me about yourself. About your family. About your friends.

    O.K.

    Are the sentences true or false?

    ?

    1.Sam is the managing director in R&D company.

    2.His work is not interesting.

    3.Dorris is from the north of London.

    4.Her E-mail is 54-44-66.

    5.She would like to work in a hotel.

    Lesson 2. Around the world


    LEAD-IN

    1.Answer the questions about yourself.

    .

    1.What is your name / surname?

    My name / surname is ........................

    2.Where do you live? What is your address?

    I live in .......................(flat and house number, street, town, country)

    3.Where do you work?

    I work for ...................(firm, company)

    4.Are you married or single?

    I am ............................................

    5.Do you have children?

    I have / dont have ...........................

    6.What is your hobby?

    I like ...............................(to play computer games, to go fishing, to eat in restaurants, to travel, to do sports)

    7.How old are you?

    Im ...............................................

    2.Make questions and answers from the following words.

    , .


    3.Translate into English.

    .

    1. ?

    2. ?

    3. .

    4. ?

    5. ?

    6. .

    7. .

    8. ?

    9. ?

    10. INTERFINANCE.

    FOCUS ON VOCABULARY


    1.Match the word with the translation.

    .


    2.Match the words to make word combinations.

    .


    3.Complete the gaps with a suitable word or phrase from the Word Box.

    , .


    1.This car is ............................Japan.

    2.What is your ............................?

    3.Id like to buy a ....................................to London, please.

    4.Are you single or ........................................?

    5.I want to read this ................................................

    6.I dont .................................this man.

    7.I speak three foreign .............................................

    8.I go to work ...........................................

    9.The car is .......................................the house.

    10.The day is very ....................................

    11.I ..........................my car to work.

    12.I can................................pizza.

    13.They .................................new information every day.

    14.We want to ..............................work in the morning.

    4.Translate into English.

    .

    1. .

    2. .

    3. .

    4. .

    5. .

    6. .

    7. .

    8. .

    9. .

    10. .

    5.Write the questions and give negative answers.

    .

    Example: The ticket is old.

    Is the ticket old? The ticket isnt old.

    1.The stamp is made in France.

    2.We are in the sandwich bar.

    3.Their newspapers are on the table.

    4.My brother is divorced.

    5.The cars are behind the garage.

    6.Their occupation is interesting.

    7.Our house is large.

    8.I am near the school.

    9.The days are very cold.

    10.She is in a foreign country.

    6.Write your own sentences with the words given.

    made in Japan

    every day

    in front of the house

    dont know

    get

    play

    trip

    behind

    finish

    occupation

    Language focus 1

    Countries and nationalities


    7.Complete the sentences.

    .

    1.I am from Germany. I am.................................................

    2.I am from the United States of America. Im...........................

    3.He is from Russia. He is...................................................

    4.She is from Spain. She is..................................................

    5.We are from China. We are..............................................

    6.He is from Great Britain. He is..........................................

    7.They are from Egypt. They are..........................................

    8.Fill in the form.

    .


    Write about those people.

    Example: Samuel is from France. He is.................................................

    Language focus 2

    Speech patterns

    How are you? ?

    Im fine, thanks. , .

    I dont understand. .

    I can write it / speak English / play the piano. () / - / .

    Can you spell your name / your surname, please? / , ?

    FOCUS ON GRAMMAR

    Language focus 1

    The Noun

    .

    1. ( x, s, sh, ch) s: a student students.

    2. x, s, sh, ch es: a fox foxes, a watch watches, Jones () the Joneses ( ).

    3. f, fe f v+es: a wife wives, a wolf wolves.

    O :

    A roof () roofs

    A chef () chefs

    A chief () chiefs

    A safe () safes

    A cliff () cliffs

    4. s: a house houses, a cinema cinemas.

    5. o es: a tomato tomatoes.

    :

    A photo photos

    A piano pianos

    A kilo-kilos

    6. y y i+es: a city cities.

    y , : a day days.

    ( )

    A man men

    A woman women

    A tooth teeth

    A foot feet

    A mouse mice

    A goose geese

    A child children

    A sheep-sheep

    A deer-deer

    A fish fish

    An ox oxen

    . :

    Analysis analyses ()

    Crisis crises ()

    Datum data ()

    1.Read the nouns in the plural.

    , .

    Rooms, hands, hats, children, fish, boys, books, foxes, horses, brushes, mouths, boxes, potatoes, roofs, steps, computers, bananas, leaves, hoses, feet, watches, baths, minutes, cinemas, dollars, guides, taxis, nationalities, restaurants, squares, cameras, men, women, cassettes, radios, names, telephones, sandwiches, nurses, lawyers, jobs.

    2.Write the nouns in the plural form.

    .

    A farmer

    A country

    A city

    A day

    A disc

    A leaf

    An address

    An apple

    A lemon

    A child

    A man

    A house

    A crisis

    A mouse

    A tooth

    A photo

    A kilo

    A potato

    A chef

    A fox

    A watch

    A theatre

    A hobby

    A bottle

    Language focus 2

    Numerals

    1 10: 1 one, 2 two, 3 three, 4 four, 5 five, 6 six, 7 seven, 8 eight, 9 nine, 10 ten.

    11 19: 11 eleven, 12 twelve, 13 thirteen, 14 fourteen, 15 fifteen, 16 sixteen, 17 seventeen, 18 eighteen, 19 nineteen.

    20 twenty, 30 thirty, 40 forty, 50 fifty, 60 sixty, 70 seventy, 80 eighty, 90 ninety.

    100 one hundred.

    200 two hundred, 300 three hundred.

    340 three hundred and forty.

    675 six hundred and seventy five.

    1000 one thousand.

    5780 five thousand seven hundred and eighty.

    3.Say the numbers.

    .

    5, 18, 12, 19, 10, 43, 157, 98, 243, 578, 908, 640, 1600, 287, 53, 90, 13, 4765, 43, 20, 222, 270.

    Language focus 3

    Articles.

    .

    , a.

    , , the.

    : This is a ball. The ball is red.

    a : a day, a student. . : This is water. Id like information.

    , an.

    : a story, a box. : an apple, an orange, an interesting book, an easy task.

    , , , .

    4.Fill in the articles a or an.

    a an.

    1.This is .......lovely day.

    2.This is ........small room.

    3.Id like .........apple, please.

    4.I want to buy .........ticket.

    5.He is .........architect.

    6.Id like .........interesting story.

    7.It is ...........international meeting.

    8.This is ..........old stamp.

    9.She is ...........nurse.

    5.Fill in the articles where necessary.

    , .

    1.This is .........camera.

    2.This is ..........David.

    3.Id like to change .............money.

    4..........Martin is from ......... Italy.

    5.This is .........cinema. ..........cinema is new.

    6.Id like to buy .........orange.

    7.My brothers are .........farmers.

    8.I want to buy ...........stamp.

    9.This is ..........radio. ..........radio is made in Spain.

    10.He is in ............ London.

    Language focus 4

    Pronouns this these, that those.

    , .

    6.Read the sentences and translate them.

    .

    1.These are computers. .....................................................................................

    2.That is my house. ......................................................................................

    3.Take those letters. ......................................................................................

    4.Those are hotels. .......................................................................................

    5.This is a new theatre. ......................................................................................

    6.Spell those surnames. .....................................................................................

    7.Read these questions. ......................................................................................

    8.Put this information on that computer. ......................................................

    9.That is a formal document. ...............................................................................

    10.This is my guide. .......................................................................................

    11.Open those files, please. ..................................................................................

    12.Id like to tell you about those doctors. ...................................................

    7.Complete the sentences.

    .

    1.These are.........................................................

    2.Id like to tell you about those................................

    3.Where are those...............................................?

    4.That is............................................................

    5.Put that..........................................................

    6.Those are not...................................................

    7.This isnt.........................................................

    8.That man is......................................................

    8.Look around. Fill in the table with the names of the things that are next to you.

    . , ( this / these that / those)

    READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE

    1.Now write and speak about these people.

    .

    1.Erica Simons

    Great Britain

    25, Down Road, Oxford

    67-55 34

    30, a son

    divorced

    Maltex company, a sales manager

    to eat out ( , , .. )

    2.Nathalie Guerra

    France

    4, Goustave avenue, Leon

    564-22-08

    27

    with a boyfriend

    a dog Andrea

    D.P.X. company, a designer

    to search for friends in the Internet

    Example: My name is Erica. My surname is Simons. I am from Great Britain. My address is ...

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    My name is Nathalie. My surname is ...................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    2.Choose two people you know well. Write and speak about them as if you were each of them.

    , . .

    1.My name is ..........................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    2................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    (first name, surname, age, address, marital status (married, single or divorced), job, company you work for, hobby, children)

    3.Make up dialogues putting the sentences in the right order.

    , .

    A.

    She is O.K.

    How are you?

    And how is your wife?

    Im fine, thanks.

    B.

    Nationality? Oh, I dont know.

    And what is her nationality?

    What is her occupation?

    She is a secretary.

    C.

    She is Spanish. She lives in Madrid.

    Is she Italian or Spanish?

    And what is her occupation?

    Is Alice your friend?

    Yes, she is.

    And can she speak English?

    Yes, she can.

    She is a guide. She can speak three foreign languages.

    D.

    And what is your nationality? Where are you from?

    It is very nice, thank you.

    Oh. It is Jovi.

    What is your surname?

    What? Sorry, I dont understand.

    Your surname. Your second name.

    Im from Poland.

    How is your trip?

    4.Read the dialogues and try to remember them.

    .

    A.

    Dick: Excuse me.

    Anne: Yes?

    Dick: Can you tell me the way to the park?

    Anne: The park? Oh, it is in front of the hotel.

    Dick: Can I drive there?

    Anne: Yes. It is ten minutes.

    Dick: Thats nice. Thank you.

    Anne: Not at all.

    B.

    Debi: Id like a ticket to London, please.

    Nick: Yes, madam.What is your name, madam?

    Debi: Debora. My surname is Denisson.

    Nick: Can I see your passport, please?

    Debi: Yes, please.

    Nick: Thank you.

    Debi: I want to go with my son. He is three.

    Nick: No ticket for him. He is very little.

    Debi: O.K.

    Nick: This is your ticket, madam. It is forty pounds.

    5.Say what you can do.

    Say what your friends, you children can do.

    , . , , .

    Example: I can work on the computer.

    drive a car

    speak a foreign language

    play the piano

    see friends every day

    play tennis

    write a letter in English

    watch TV every day

    get a new job

    have a trip to Great Britain

    buy a new car

    play computer games every day

    clean the house

    6.Read this text.

    .

    Are you typical?

    I would like to tell you about myself and my family. We are the Davidsons: my wife, my two children and I. We are very typical. My children go to school and they hate it. Every day they ask: Please, we would like to sleep, to play computer games. But I say: No. School for you. No questions. And they go. I work in a bank. This is a good occupation. It gives us money. But it isnt very interesting. I get up at six, and I can not see my children and my wife much. Thats bad. My wife would like to work too, but I dont understand her. It is lovely to be at home, to watch TV, to cook. And she can cook very well.

    But I can tell you something interesting about us. We play football. We all play football. We play behind our house. My wife can do it very well. We would like to be the champions of our town. We can do it! And we would like to do it. Every day when I finish work we go and play football. So, we are not very typical.

    And you?

    Are the sentences true or false?

    ?

    1.Their children like to go to school.

    2.Mr. Shevchuk works in a bank.

    3.His job is very interesting.

    4.His wife works too.

    5.She can play football.

    6.They play football with the champions.

    Lesson 3. Information

    LEAD-IN

    1.Answer the questions about yourself.

    .

    1.What is your occupation? Do you like it?

    2.What is your nationality?

    3.What country are you from?

    4.What country would you like to see?

    5.What foreign languages can you speak?

    6.What would you like to buy?

    7.Are you married or single?

    8.Is your house large?

    9.an you play football?

    10.Can you eat in a steak house?

    2.Make up correct sentences.

    .

    1.their / is / letter / this?

    2.are / children / from / those / Russia.

    3.not / houses / are / our / large.

    4.these / can / we / films / see.

    5.them / give / address / our.

    6.clean / I / would / to / teeth / like.

    7.their / what / nationality / is?

    8.behind / friends / our / are / the car / not.

    9.foreign / can / I / speak / languages /two.

    10.those / your / newspapers / are?

    Try to recollect as many sentences as possible.

    .

    3.Choose the correct variant.

    .

    1.I have ......................children.

    A. one B. two C. do not

    2.I work .....................R&G company.

    A. in B. on C. for

    3.I ..........................to play tennis.

    A. like B. work C. eat

    4.I .......................a shop assistant.

    A. am B. is C. are

    5.Where .......................you from?

    A. is B. am C. are

    6.What is .......................address?

    A. you B. your C. he

    7.I am ............................

    A. single B. Spain C. manager

    8.........................is your job?

    A. Where B. Do C. What

    9.How.........................are you?

    A. much B. children C. old

    10.How do you ..............................your surname?

    A. live B. spell C. do

    FOCUS ON VOCABULARY

    Nouns

    1.house

    2.play ,

    to see a play

    3.husband

    4.wife

    5.map

    6.desk

    7.office

    8.chair

    9.morning

    in the morning

    10.afternoon

    in the afternoon

    11.evening

    In the evening

    12.night

    at night

    13.flat

    to live in a flat

    14.place

    It is a lovely place.

    15.room

    a living room

    a bathroom

    a playroom

    Adjectives

    1.expensive ( )

    2.cheap

    3.great

    Its great!

    4.difficult ,

    5.easy ,

    6.boring

    It is a boring film.

    7.long

    It is a long film.

    8.short

    The way is short.

    Verbs

    1.to have

    I have a flat.

    2.to have breakfast

    I have breakfast at 7 oclock.

    3.to have lunch

    4.to have dinner

    5.to meet ()

    6.to relax

    7.to help

    Id like to help you.

    8.to listen

    I like to listen to music

    9.to walk

    We walk in the park.

    Words and Expressions

    1.that sort of thing

    2.very well

    3.of course

    1.Match the word with the translation.

    .

    ( )

    expensive

    to relax

    chair

    to listen to music

    place

    husband

    great

    very well

    cheap

    flat

    map

    to meet

    desk

    difficult

    in the evening

    to help

    play

    long

    2.Match the halves of the words.

    .

    3.Complete the table with the words.

    .

    Difficult, square, living room, meet, help, great, long, walk, expensive, relax, flat, house, listen, boring, park.

    Write some sentences with three words (one adjective, one place and one verb) in one sentence.

    , , .

    Example: I listen to boring music in the park.

    4.Translate into English.

    .

    1. . ................................................

    2. . .........................................................

    3. ...............................

    4. ..........................................................

    5. ..........................................................

    6. ..............................................

    7. ..........................................................

    8. ? ..........................................................

    9. .....................................

    10. ..............................................

    5.Write your own sentences with the words given.

    .

    to meet friends .....................................................................................

    to listen to music .....................................................................................

    very difficult .....................................................................................

    long .....................................................................................

    to have dinner .....................................................................................

    that sort of thing .....................................................................................

    in the morning .....................................................................................

    husband .....................................................................................

    great .....................................................................................

    to help .....................................................................................

    6.Write the questions and give negative answers.

    .

    Example: The night is long.

    Is the night long? The night isnt long.

    1.These are our new offices.

    2.My husband is Portuguese.

    3.That place is great.

    4.Those Spanish books are very difficult.

    5.The morning is very long today.

    6.Those Japanese watches are expensive.

    7.That play is very boring.

    8.The town map is on our desk.

    9.We are in this new house.

    10.It is easy to read this book.

    Language focus 1

    Prepositions

    Study these phrases.

    .

    At home He is at home now.

    To go home They go home after work in the evening.

    At school My children study at school.

    To go to school They go to school with their mother.

    At work What do you do at work?

    To go to work I go to work every day.

    To come home We come home in the afternoon.

    To come home from work My friends come home from work at six oclock.

    For breakfast (lunch, dinner) I have toasts with jam for breakfast.

    At (5) oclock I get up at eight oclock.

    To listen to music My children like to listen to music.

    To look at (the map, the screen) Id like to look at the map.

    To meet (friends) We meet friends in the evening.

    7.Complete the sentences.

    .

    1.For breakfast I have.................................................

    2.I come home from work at.............................................

    3.They meet friends...................................................

    4.My children go..................................................

    5.We like to listen..............................................

    6.He is not at home, he is..........................................

    7.I want to look at..........................................

    8.Complete the gaps with a suitable word or phrase from the Box.

    , .

    Meet friends, at home, at work, for lunch, at school, go to school, go to work, come home from work, look at, listen to music, at seven oclock.

    My day is very long. I get up ....................................... I put my documents into the bag and ............................................. I am in my office at nine oclock. My children .......................................... with their nurse. .................................... they study foreign languages. They like their teacher very much. They .................................. her all the time. ..................................... they have chips and juice.

    It is seven oclock in the evening, but I am still ....................................

    I ........................................ at eight oclock. It is very difficult.

    My children like to ...................................in our house, but I dont like that. In the evening I like to .......................................or watch TV. It is lovely to be ..................................

    9.Answer the questions about yourself.

    .

    1.When are you at work in the morning?

    2.What do you do at work?

    3.When do you come home from work?

    4.What do you have for breakfast / for lunch?

    5.Do your children go to school?

    6.When do they come home from school?

    7.What do they study at school?

    8.Where do you meet your friends?

    9.Where do your children meet their friends?

    10.Do you like to listen to pop music, to rock music, to classical music, to jazz?

    Language focus 2

    Speech patterns

    Good morning. .

    Good afternoon. .

    Good evening. .

    Good night. .

    FOCUS ON GRAMMAR

    Language focus 1

    The verb can

    ,

    I can speak French. -.

    Can you help me? ?

    They cant (can not) read English. -.

    Where can I buy this book? ?

    1.Write the questions and give negative answers.

    .

    Example: She can play tennis.

    Can she play tennis? She cant play tennis.

    1.My children can speak Spanish. ......................................................................

    2.My wife can cook very well. ......................................................................

    3.They can help us with these documents..............................................................

    4.I can tell you about the office. ..................................................................

    5.She can look at him all the time. ..................................................................

    6.He can come home at 7 oclock. ..................................................................

    7.They can walk in this park. ..................................................................

    2.There is one mistake in each sentence. Find and correct it.

    .

    1.I cant drive a car, but my brother is can. ................................

    2.Where I can meet my friend? ................................

    3.Can they to tell me the way to the park? ................................

    4.Your sister can play the piano? ................................

    5.We cannt come home now. ................................

    6.When can see this play? ................................

    7.I can work at night, but my wife can. ................................

    8.He cant to read this boring book. ................................

    3.Write 10 questions with can using the verbs in the Box.

    10 , can .

    To listen, to help, to walk, to relax, to meet, to work, to buy, to drive, to finish, to speak.

    4.Translate the sentences into English.

    .

    1. ? ........................................................

    2. . ........................................................

    3. . ........................................................

    4. ? ........................................................

    5. . . ........................................................

    6. , . ........................................................

    7. ? ........................................................

    8. . ........................................................

    9. . ........................................................

    Language focus 2

    Can you / Could you?

    Can you / Could you

    , Could you . : Can you help me? ? Could you help me? ?

    5.Write the full question with Could.

    , Could.

    1.help me to study ..............................................................................

    2.play tennis with me ..............................................................................

    3.watch this play ..............................................................................

    4.have lunch with me ..............................................................................

    5.give me your E-mail ..............................................................................

    6.buy a cake for us ..............................................................................

    7.live in this flat ..............................................................................

    6.Write in a suitable question.

    .

    Language focus 3

    Question-words.

    .

    What What can you see in the room? ?

    What What is your surname? ?

    When When can you meet my friend? ?

    Why Why is he here? ?

    Where Where are my chairs? ?

    Who Who is that man? ?

    With whom With whom can you come? ?

    How How are you? ?

    Whose Whose is this office? ?


    7.Read the sentences and translate them. Underline the auxiliary verb.

    . .

    1.Where can I buy jeans?.....................................................................................

    2.Are these chairs new? ......................................................................................

    3.How is your little sister? ...................................................................................

    4.With whom is she at the theatre? ........................................................................

    5.Are these expensive maps? ................................................................................

    6.Where can they have dinner? ............................................................................

    7.Who is that man? .........................................................................................

    8.When is he in the USA? ....................................................................................

    9.Is that our map? ...........................................................................................

    10.Who can relax in this room? ...........................................................................

    11.What is your favourite game? .........................................................................

    12.What can I have for lunch? .............................................................................

    8.Complete the questions.

    .

    1.Can they.........................................................?

    2.Where can I......................................................?

    3.Who can..........................................................?

    4.Is that............................................................?

    5.Where are.......................................................?

    6.How can I.......................................................?

    7.When can they..................................................?

    8.With whom is...................................................?

    9.Ask one General and one Special question.

    .

    Example: My boss can speak three foreign languages.

    Can my boss speak three foreign languages?

    Where can my boss speak three foreign languages?

    1.The doctor can help me.

    2.She is in Moscow now.

    3.These places are lovely.

    4.I can walk in the park.

    5.They can listen to music.

    6.I am at home at night.

    7.This playroom is large.

    8.My wife can cook very well.

    9.My brother is married.

    10.Those are cheap flats.

    10.These are the answers. What are the questions?

    .

    1.No, they cant buy these newspapers.

    2.Yes, these are our maps.

    3.No, I cant drive a bus.

    4.He is in the shop.

    5.I can come home at nine.

    6.My friends are fine.

    7.I can.

    READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE

    1.Read these sentences. Underline the words from the Active Vocabulary.

    Close your eyes. How many sentences can you recollect?

    .

    .

    1.In the morning I have breakfast at home.

    2.This foreign book is very difficult for me.

    3.My children come home from school at two oclock.

    4.I would like to see theatres, museums and that sort of thing.

    5.Those chairs arent cheap, they are very expensive.

    6.Where can I listen to classical music?

    7.That play is very long and boring.

    8.I can meet you in front of the house.

    9.My wife cant work at night.

    10.This place is great.

    2.Now write and speak about these people.

    .

    Husband

    At work in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening

    Can work at night

    A busy man

    Would like to buy a new flat

    Wife

    A lovely woman

    Can cook well

    At home in the evening

    Cant drive

    Would like to have three children

    Example: The husband is at work ......................................................

    3.Put these word combinations in the logical order. Then, speak about the day of these people.

    . , .

    Meet the clients in the afternoon

    Go to work

    Help children with their homework

    Be at work at the office

    Get up

    Come home

    Have toasts for breakfast

    Meet friends at home

    Have lunch in a cafe

    Have dinner

    Go to bed

    Finish work

    Listen to music and relax

    David and Clair.........................................

    .....................................................................

    4.Now speak about your workday and your weekend. Use the ideas in the table. Add your own ideas.

    , , . .

    On Workday

    Finish work

    Start work

    Work on the computer

    Do English homework

    Have lunch at work

    Meet your boss

    Come home in the evening

    Cook dinner

    Get up at 6 oclock

    At the Weekend

    Relax

    Meet friends in a bar

    Listen to music

    Go to the rock-concert

    Play football

    Play with children

    Go to the restaurant

    Help children with homework

    Read newspapers

    5.Make up dialogues putting the sentences in the right order.

    , .

    A.

    Its O.K.

    Good morning, Mr. Lester.

    And how about the meeting with Mr. Chakai?

    Good morning, David. How is our work?

    Oh, it s very difficult to work with him.

    B.

    Oh. These documents on your desk?

    Yes. They are very long and difficult to read.

    Could you help me, Mary?

    Yes, Susie. What is it?

    I cant understand these documents.

    C.

    Is she in the office?

    Can I see her in the evening?

    Could I speak to Fanny, please?

    I think, yes.

    Yes, Fanny and her husband come home at 8 oclock.

    Yes, please.

    Can I come at 9 oclock, then?

    No, Im sorry. She is not at home.

    D.

    Here. In front of the window.

    Is this your new office, Jane?

    Nice. Are these computers new?

    There, near the desk.

    Yes. Is it lovely?

    Yes, they are new. They work very well.

    Oh, yes. It is very nice. Where is your desk?

    And where is your chair?

    6.Read the dialogues and try to remember them.

    .

    A.

    Debora: Excuse me?

    Jack: Yes?

    Debora: Could you help me, please.

    Jack: Of course.

    Debora: Can you tell me the way to a shop?

    Jack: Yes. We have two shops in this street.

    Debora: Are they good?

    Jack: They are expensive, but very good.

    Debora: Thats O.K. Thank you very much.

    Jack: Not at all.

    B.

    Sam: Alice, could you help me?

    Alice: Yes. What is it?

    Sam: I would like to go to the theatre with my wife. Where can we see a good play?

    Alice: At the Marlow Theatre.

    Sam: Is it a new theatre?

    Alice: Yes, it is new. But you can see classical plays.

    Sam: Great! Is it expensive?

    Alice: Not very. But it is a lovely place.

    Sam: Thank you, Alice.

    Alice: Not at all.

    7.Read this text.

    .

    Work in Davids life.

    My wife and my children dont understand me. It is very bad, because I understand myself very well. Work is all my life. I work for a TV company. I meet many people and I like them. Im a TV operator. I start work at seven oclock in the morning. I work with a camera and three computers. I buy very expensive computer programmes for my camera and my films. It is very interesting. We make computer films about lovely places, foreign countries, cities, towns, that sort of thing.

    We have lunch with our TV group in cafes and sandwich bars. For lunch we have cheese sandwiches and coffee. It is cheap.

    My workday is long but not boring. I come home from work at nine oclock in the evening. On my way home I buy a newspaper. I read it after dinner.

    My job cant give me much money. But it is nice because my friends at work are nice.

    Are the sentences true or false?

    ?

    1.David would like to get a new job.

    2.His workday is long.

    3.He cant work on the computer.

    4.He is a TV actor.

    5.He can have lunch in cafes and bars.

    6.He can get much money.

    Lesson 4. Meeting people


    LEAD-IN

    1.Answer the questions about yourself.

    .

    1.Where can you meet new friends?

    2.Do you like to meet new friends? Why?

    3.Can you see many people in your office?

    4.Can you meet people from foreign countries?

    5.Can you telephone people from foreign countries?

    6.What foreign languages can you speak?

    7.Would you like to see foreign countries?

    8.Are you a good friend?

    9.How can you help your friends?

    10.Can you write long letters to your friends?

    2.Make up questions. Start them with the words given.

    , .

    1.They can meet you in his office. Can..................................................................?

    2.The places are lovely. Are..............................................................................?

    3.This job is difficult. Is...................................................................................?

    4.Those desks are very expensive. Are..................................................................?

    5.I would like to have dinner here. Would...............................................................?

    6.The children can go to school. Where..................................................................?

    7.This map is on the table. Where.........................................................................?

    8.I am in Italy. Where.......................................................................................?

    9.They are at home in the evening. When................................................................?

    10.He can speak English. What language................................................................?

    3.Find one word in each line that shouldnt be there.The first has been done for you.

    . .

    4.Choose the correct variant.

    .

    1.The men .....................at work.

    A. are B. is C. can

    2.I like to look .....................the map.

    A. on B. at C.

    3.I can ........................him in the living room.

    A. see B. look C. watch

    4......................is my husband?

    A. When B. Why C. Where

    5.My friend is ......................

    A. Japan B. to Japan C. Japanese

    6......................you walk with me in the park?

    A. Could B. Are C. Want

    7.........................are under the house.

    A. A mouse B. The mouse C. Mice

    8.They go ........................school.

    A. to B. in C.

    9.These are ........................telephones.

    A. our B. him C. them

    10.My boss ..............................relax in the office.

    A. isnt B. cant C. like

    FOCUS ON VOCABULARY

    Nouns

    1.receptionist

    She is a receptionist.

    2.art

    3.artist

    4.design

    The design of the car is very interesting.

    5.custom

    Tell me about British customs.

    6.guest

    7.luggage

    8.reason

    the reason for his absence

    9.sight

    London has many sights.

    10.museum

    11.church

    12.exhibition

    Id like to see the exhibition of flowers.

    13.bridge

    14.city centre

    I live in the city centre.

    15.Underground

    16.shop

    Adjectives

    1.limited

    Limited company

    2.various

    3.strange ,

    4.friendly

    People there are friendly.

    5.modern

    It is a modern programme.

    6.simple

    The text is very simple.

    Verbs

    1.to carry

    to carry luggage

    2.to get to the cinema / place

    3.to show

    He can show various sights.

    4.to study ,

    I study at school.

    5.to travel

    I like to travel to various countries.

    6.to send ()

    I send letters to my sister.

    7.to sleep

    8.to call ,

    Call me Susan.

    9.to go to bed

    Word Combinations

    1.Id like you to meet

    Id like you to meet my wife.

    2.Nice to meet you.

    /

    3.Pleased to meet you.

    /

    4.over there

    5.Would you like me to help you? , ?

    1.Match the word with the translation.

    .

    2.Make word combinations.

    .

    3.Complete the sentences with the words.

    .

    Sights, exhibition, show, modern, Underground, friendly, churches, artist, travel, carry, study, reason, customs, simple, call, design.

    1.People in this town are very..............................................

    2.Could you show me the lovely............................................of this city?

    3.I dont like the.......................................of this office.

    4.I know many..........................................of this country.

    5.My friends......................................in University.

    6.I cant......................................that luggage.

    7.What is the..................................for your behaviour ()?

    8.The......................................system is new in this city.

    9.These texts are very.................................. We can read them.

    10.I dont know this....................................... Where is he from?

    11.The.................................of old Chinese books is great.

    12.I cant.............................in Europe. It is very expensive.

    13.Could you.............................them the way to the city centre?

    14.You can see many old...............................in the centre of London.

    15.Please, .............................me Susan.

    16.I dont understand this.................................writer.

    4.Translate into English.

    .

    1. ..........................................................

    2. ?.........................................................

    3. ..................................

    4. , ............................

    5. ..........................................................

    6. ..........................................................

    7. ..........................................................

    8. ? .........................................................

    9. ..............................................

    10. ...............................

    5.Write your own sentences with the words given.

    .

    ..............................................................................

    .....................................................................

    ........................................................................

    ...............................................................................

    ..................................................................................

    .....................................................................................

    .................................................................................

    ............................................................................

    ............................................................................

    .....................................................................

    6.Write one General and one Special question to each sentence.

    .

    Example: The customs are interesting.

    Are the customs interesting? Which customs are interesting?

    1.I can carry this luggage.......................................................................

    2.This museum is lovely.......................................................................

    3.I can get there by Underground.......................................................

    4.Their guests can study at school..........................................................

    5.Those shops are very expensive..........................................................

    6.We can see various sights...................................................................

    7.That art is very strange...................................................................

    8.She is a receptionist in a limited company........................................

    9.We can travel at the weekend..........................................................

    Language focus 1

    Prepositions of direction

    7.Translate the sentences.

    .

    1.My children come home from school at two oclock.

    ..................................................................................................................

    2.I go to my friends by Underground every day.

    ..................................................................................................................

    3.Put these documents into the box, please.

    ..................................................................................................................

    4.Take these books out of the box.

    ..................................................................................................................

    5.We travel from France to Britain every week.

    ..................................................................................................................

    6.Come into the room, Alice.

    ..................................................................................................................

    7.Take our children out of the bath.

    ..................................................................................................................

    8.We get home from the museum by bus.

    ..................................................................................................................

    8.Complete the gaps with a suitable preposition taking it from the Box.

    , .

    Out of, from, to, into, behind, in, on, under, at, with.

    1.I cant see my car in front of the house. Is it...........................the house?

    2.I walk......................my children every day.

    3.Take the presents................................this box, please.

    4.They come home from work.......................... eight oclock.

    5.I like to call various people...........................the evening.

    6.Go.....................your grandmother and help her carry luggage.

    7.Put this luggage.............................the car, please.

    8.Look.........................the bridge. Can you see it in the water?

    9.Can you see a modern computer........................the table?

    10.This shop is.........................the city centre.

    9.Match the word combinations with their translations.

    .

    Language focus 2

    Verbs and prepositions

    Look at Look at the table, look at the window

    Look for (-) Look for a present, look for friends

    Listen to -, - Listen to your friends, listen to music

    Speak to / with - Speak to the boss, speak with him

    Speak ( ) Speak English, speak French

    Show - Show me your cassette, show them their house

    Meet - Meet me in Paris, meet us there

    Get up ( ) Get up at seven oclock, get up in the morning

    Get to - Get to London, get to the museum

    Travel to - Travel to China, travel to the East

    Work for (a company) ( ) Work for a big company, work for McHolland

    Watch (-) Watch a TV show, watch a play

    Play ( -, ) Play hockey, play football, play the guitar, play the piano

    Give (-) Give me your pen, give them the luggage

    10.Write your own sentences with the verbs.

    Look at

    Look for

    Listen to

    Speak to / with

    Speak

    Show

    Meet

    Get up

    Get to

    Travel to

    Work for

    Watch

    Play

    Give

    FOCUS ON GRAMMAR

    Language focus 1

    The Present Simple (Indefinite) Tense

    ()

    () , . -: , , , , , , . . : . .

    s / es. .

    , , es, [iz]. do go, does ( [daz]) goes [gouz].

    have. has.

    y , y i, es: She carries (to carry). : She buys (to buy y ).

    :

    3 .

    He watches TV every evening.

    She does it every day.

    She goes to school in the morning.

    He lives in Moscow.

    It has three legs.

    My wife works for this company.

    She copies this text every day.

    They watch TV every evening.

    Their friends do it every day.

    The children go to school in the morning.

    I live in Moscow.

    The tables have three legs.

    We work for this company.

    You copy this text every day.

    -

    Often

    Always

    Never

    Usually

    Seldom

    Every year / day / month / week / / /

    :

    She goes to work every day.

    My brother seldom plays tennis.

    My husband usually buys newspapers.

    I never speak to them.

    He always studies foreign languages.

    We travel every month.

    1.Write in the verbs in the correct form.

    .

    2.Read and translate the sentences. Pay attention to the forms of the verbs.

    . .

    1.She often relaxes in the evening. ...................................................................

    2.David cooks dinner every day. ...................................................................

    3.It has a big door. ...................................................................

    4.Don buys new books every week. ...................................................................

    5.She seldom goes to the city centre. ...................................................................

    6.He never visits museums. ...................................................................

    7.Sally often travels to the South. ...................................................................

    8.They meet friends every morning. ...................................................................

    9.I seldom watch modern shows. ...................................................................

    10.He gets up at seven every day. ...................................................................

    11.He always carries her luggage. ...................................................................

    12.This receptionist never helps me. ...................................................................

    13.We usually have lunch here. ...................................................................

    14.She does it every year. ...................................................................

    15.He usually goes to work at eight. ...................................................................

    3.Complete the sentences. Pay attention to the forms of the verbs.

    . .

    Example: She often.....................................

    She often cooks dinner.

    1.He seldom.....................................................................................................

    2.They never....................................................................................................

    3.Pat usually....................................................................................................

    4.Every year we................................................................................................

    5.She................................................................................................every day.

    6.It often........................................................................................................

    7.My friends always...........................................................................................

    8.Every month Cathy..........................................................................................

    9.His wife often................................................................................................

    10.I never........................................................................................................

    4.There is one mistake in each sentence. Find and correct it.

    .

    1.She buies bananas every week. ................................

    2.Their children goe to school every morning. ................................

    3.She watchs TV every evening. ................................

    4.Your sister relaxees every week. ................................

    5.We cook often pizza. ................................

    6.Ann go to work every day. ................................

    7.My mother haves three children. ................................

    8.He studys German at achool. ................................

    5.Translate the sentences into English.

    .

    1. . ........................................................

    2. . ........................................................

    3. . ........................................................

    4. . ........................................................

    5. . ........................................................

    6. . ........................................................

    7. . ........................................................

    8. (by car).........................................

    9. . ........................................................

    Language focus 2

    The Present Simple (Indefinite) Tense

    General and Special Questions

    ()

    , do does . , s / es, does. s es .

    :

    She plays tennis.

    Does she play tennis? ?

    He goes to work every day.

    Does he go to work every day? ?

    ( s / es) do.

    :

    They often listen to modern music.

    Do they often listen to modern music?

    You travel every year.

    Do you travel every year?

    , do does.

    Do you travel every year? Yes, I do.

    Does she like the museum? Yes, she does.

    , do does.

    She lives in London. Does she live in London? She doesnt (does not) live in London.

    They meet every week. Do they meet every week? They dont (do not) meet every week.

    , :

    + ++ ?

    ,

    7.Ask General Questions. Give negative answers.

    . .

    Example: He always gives her presents. Does he always give her presents? He doesnt always give her presents.

    1.They speak French every day.

    2.He often studies in the evening.

    3.She has a modern computer.

    4.My sister calls me Dan.

    5.The receptionist usually works with documents.

    6.He likes modern art.

    7.My friends seldom visit museums.

    8.We often send letters to our friends.

    8.Complete the questions.

    .

    1.Does she.....................................................................................................?

    2.Does your friend...........................................................................................?

    3.Do they......................................................................................................?

    4.Do you.......................................................................................................?

    5.Do your guests..............................................................................................?

    6.Does the artist...............................................................................................?

    7.Does your husband.........................................................................................?

    8.Do your children...........................................................................................?

    9.Match the questions with the answers.

    .

    10.Read the questions and translate them. Underline the auxiliary verb.

    . .

    1.Where do they buy modern programmes?................................................................

    2.Why do they live in the city centre?.......................................................................

    3.When does he visit this exhibition? .......................................................................

    4.With whom do they study English?........................................................................

    5.Do they know various customs?............................................................................

    6.When does this shop work? ...............................................................................

    7.When does she send letters?................................................................................

    8.What does she always show the guests?..................................................................

    9.How do you get to that bridge?............................................................................

    10.Where does he travel every year?........................................................................

    11.Ask one General and one Special question.

    .

    Example: My sister travels to the east every year.

    Does my sister travel to the east every year?

    Where does my sister travel every year?

    1.Dan drives a car very well.

    2.They often see this bridge.

    3.They study simple things.

    4.We like this receptionist.

    5.Denis Shevchuk calls me every day.

    6.I send her letters every week.

    7.He shows them the Underground.

    12.Give negative answers.

    .

    1.Can you visit this church?

    2.Do you often visit this church?

    3.Does she always visit this church?

    4.Do they like the modern museum?

    5.Is this a modern museum?

    6.Are these modern museums?

    7.Can you see a modern museum in the city centre?

    READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE

    1.Answer the questions.

    .

    1.Do you live in the city centre?

    2.Do you like to travel?

    3.Where do you like to travel and why?

    4.Do you like to visit museums?

    5.What exhibitions do you like?

    6.What exhibitions does your wife / husband like?

    7.Does your wife / husband like to send letters?

    8.Do you often have guests in your house?

    9.What sights do you show your guests?

    10.Does your wife / husband often call her / his friends?

    2.Read about these people. Now speak about them.

    . .

    Example: Daniel lives in the city centre. He has many friends, etc.

    Daniel

    I live in the city centre. It is a lovely place. I have many friends. We meet very seldom because we have much work. But we call each other every day. We speak about our problems and about girlfriends.

    Every weekend we go to the cinema or to the theatre. We have lunch in sandwich bars or cafes. I always eat Italian pizza.

    In summer we always travel to various countries. It is expensive but we buy cheap tickets. We are very friendly.

    Fiona

    I have a family. It is not very big: my husband, our two children and me. I dont work. I help my children to study at school. My husband works for a big multinational company. He gets much money. We want to buy a house, but now we live in a flat. It is small and simple. But we like it. It is modern. We like to sit in the living room, watch TV and listen to classical music. In the evening my husband John plays the guitar.

    At the weekend we go to play tennis.

    Samuel

    I study foreign languages at college. It is expensive for my parents. They give me money for my studies. But I study very well. I study French, Japanese and Arabic languages. It is very interesting. I study the customs of these countries. I think I can get a good job.

    I dont have many friends. I have no time to see them. But I call my parents and send letters to them.

    3.Think of three questions that you could ask Daniel, Fiona and Samuel. Think of possible answers.

    , . .

    4.Read these sentences. Underline the words from the Active Vocabulary.

    Close your eyes. How many sentences can you recollect?

    .

    .

    1.I work as a receptionist in a modern office.

    2.He often travels to various countries.

    3.We dont like to listen to pop music.

    4.I can show my guests various sights.

    5.Those museums are in the city centre.

    6.That artist can have an exhibition.

    7.Does he work in the shop?

    8.When does she call her friends?

    9.He would like to carry her luggage.

    10.This country has many strange customs.

    5.Make up dialogues putting the sentences in the right order.

    , .

    A.

    Over there. To the platform four.

    Yes, madam? Would you like me to help you?

    Yes, please. Could you help me carry my luggage?

    Excuse me?

    Yes, madam.

    Yes, please. Where to?

    B.

    Its nice. How about Saturday?

    I think the style is very simple but nice. And I can understand this artist very well.

    Do you like the exhibition, Mary?

    Would you like to go to the exhibition in Stanford museum? My mother likes it a lot.

    Yes. It is very interesting. What about you?

    Saturday is O.K. with me.

    C.

    Would you like to travel in summer?

    Do you want to go to Italy or Spain?

    In June. The weather is very nice in June in Spain. Are the tickets very expensive?

    Yes, they are expensive. But I think our way is very nice.

    Yes, I think it is lovely.

    To Spain. This country has many interesting customs.

    Good.

    O.K. Can you go in June or in July?

    D.

    Would you like to see the sights of the square and the park?

    What can I see there?

    Yes, of course.

    Good.

    We have three old churches, a museum of our city, many old bridges, a modern stadium and of course, many shops.

    Yes, I think it is a good idea.

    We can do it in the evening or in the afternoon.

    Could you show me the city centre?

    6.Read the dialogues and try to remember them.

    .

    A.

    Jim: Id like you to meet my wife Diana, Faby.

    Faby: Pleased to meet you.

    Diana: Nice to meet you, too.

    Faby: How are your children?

    Jim: They are fine. Now they study at college.

    Faby: Oh. How old are they?

    Jim: They are sixteen and fourteen.

    Faby: What do they study?

    Jim: They study art. They like it very much.

    Faby: Do they study well?

    Jim: Oh, thank God, very well.

    B.

    Liz: What a nice dress!

    Debora: Thank you.

    Liz: Do you buy your dresses in Rodley shop in Stansley Road?

    Debora: Yes, I like the shop. And the people who work there are very friendly.

    Liz: Is the shop expensive?

    Debora: Yes, it is. But it is lovely.

    Liz: Does your husband go to this shop too?

    Debora: No, he doesnt like modern style.

    Liz: Which shops does he like?

    Debora: He goes shopping to the Dabys.

    Liz: Where is this shop?

    Debora: It is in Bristol Road.

    7.Read this text.

    .

    A Foreign Student.

    My name is Pauline. I have a family: my husband and me and my two children, two girls. My husband works for a limited company. We are a very friendly family. Our children study at school. We like to meet various people. Very often we invite children from foreign countries to live with us. They come to London and study here for a month or two. The main reason is that it is very nice for my girls to see various people, to get information about various customs. They like it a lot.

    We have a modern house and our guests like it. They live in their room. It is simple but lovely. In the evenings we speak to our guests about their countries, drink English tea and relax.

    Now we have a very nice guest. It is a girl. Her name is Graziella. She is from Italy. She studies at college in London. She is a good student.

    At the weekend my husband Robert shows her various sighs of London. He shows her the museums, the squares, the Tower and the Tower Bridge. He shows her the London Underground Map, how to get to school. My children dont like to go to churches, but they go to the shops with Graziella.

    Graziella likes our customs and our sights very much. She studies English here. She can speak English very well now. We always speak English to her. She can understand us. But we dont understand Italian.

    Are the sentences true or false?

    ?

    1.Pauline doesnt like foreign guests.

    2.Her children dont study.

    3.Their house is modern.

    4.Now they have a student from Japan.

    5.Robert shows Graziella the sights of London.

    6.Graziella cant speak English.

    Lesson 5. A plae to live


    LEAD-IN

    1.Answer the questions about yourself.

    .

    1.Where do you live?

    2.Where would you like to live and why?

    3.Is your city / town modern or old?

    4.What sights can you show you guests?

    5.Do you live in the city / town centre?

    6.Do you live in a flat or in a house?

    7.Is your flat / house big or small?

    8.How many rooms do you have?

    9.Do you often have guests?

    10.Do you like the place where you live?

    2.Read the answers. Write the possible questions.

    . .

    No, they dont.

    No, I dont.

    Yes, I do.

    No, she doesnt.

    No, he doesnt.

    No, we dont.

    Yes, they do.

    Yes, she does.

    3.Write 10 sentences using the verbs.

    10 , .

    Carries, doesnt buy, lives, has, reads, go, studies, dont meet, listens, look.

    4.Make up questions. Start them with the words given.

    , .

    1.Do our friends..................................................................?

    2.Does the receptionist..................................................................?

    3.Can your children....................................................................?

    4.Do Ann and Sam..................................................................?

    5.Where do they...............................................................?

    6.Why does your mother.........................................................?

    7.Are the museums................................................................?

    8.Is the exhibition................................................?

    9.Does................................................................?

    10.When.........................................................................?

    5.Find one word in each sentence that shouldnt be there. The first has been done for you.

    . .

    1.My sister meets to her guests in the living room.

    2.He doesnt likes to listen to classical music.

    3.I would like to watch at TV.

    4.Give to me a new pen, please.

    5.My father comes home from the work at seven.

    6.My guests to look for a new computer.

    7.When does he my brother come home?

    8.They can to travel in summer.

    9.The car is in the front of the house.

    10.These programmes are do not modern.

    FOCUS ON VOCABULARY

    Nouns

    1.fireplace

    fire ,

    2.loft

    3.kitchen

    4.animal

    5.dock

    6.downtown

    I live in the downtown.

    7.duck

    8.environment

    9.freedom

    to be free

    10.gas

    11.lifestyle

    12.river

    13.sea

    14.nature

    15.furniture

    16.tree

    Adjectives

    1.available ,

    2.double

    a double bed

    3.further ,

    further plans

    4.furnished

    a furnished house

    5.natural ,

    natural gas

    6.pleasant

    7.favourite

    8.preferred

    9.relaxing

    relaxing environment

    Verbs

    1.to contact ,

    2.to rent

    to rent a flat / a cottage

    3.to enjoy

    I enjoy fishing.

    4.to locate

    We plan to locate it here.

    5.to move ,

    6.to go skiing

    7.to go fishing

    8.to prefer

    9.to stay

    I want to stay at home.

    10.to think

    I think that it is nice.

    Word Combinations

    1.How many?

    How much? ( .)

    2.pretty features

    3.Let me show you around.

    / .

    4.through here

    5.electrical power

    6.public utility

    1.Fill in the gaps.

    2.Match the two halves of the words.

    .

    3.Make sentences with the two words given.

    , .

    Example:

    4.Translate into English.

    .

    1. .

    2. .

    3. ?

    4. , .

    5. .

    6. , .

    7. .

    8. .

    9. .

    10. .

    5.Write a General question and give a negative answer to it.

    .

    Example: The house has a large kitchen.

    Does the house have a large kitchen? No, it doesnt have a large kitchen.

    1.He locates his garage near the house.

    2.She enjoys natural environment.

    3.The ducks live in the river.

    4.This furnished flat is available.

    5.Those rooms have gas and electrical power.

    6.We can contact these pleasant people.

    7.She enjoys fishing and diving.

    8.He can show me around.

    9.We live in the downtown.

    Language focus 1

    Prepositions of place

    6.Translate the sentences.

    .

    1.I cant see my book among these books.

    ..................................................................................................................

    2.We want to locate the house between the river and the road.

    ..................................................................................................................

    3.I can see many trees around the house.

    ..................................................................................................................

    4.The ducks are over the river.

    ..................................................................................................................

    5.The loft is under the roof.

    ..................................................................................................................

    6.We want to rent a garage behind our house.

    ..................................................................................................................

    7.You can see many children among us.

    ..................................................................................................................

    8.The chairs are near the fireplace.

    ..................................................................................................................

    7.Read and draw.

    .

    A furnished house;

    a garage behind the house;

    two trees in front of the house;

    a cat between the two trees;

    two ducks over the house;

    a double bed in the house;

    an old fireplace among the furniture;

    a gas line around he house.

    8.Answer the questions using various prepositions of place (on, in, over, under, behind, in front of, among, between, around, near).

    , (, , , , , , , , , ).

    Where is the new furniture?

    Where are the apple trees?

    Where are the ducks?

    Where is the loft in this house?

    Where is the fireplace?

    Where is the kitchen?

    Where are my favourite flowers?

    Where is the pleasant enviroment?

    Where is the flat that you want to rent?

    Where is the electrical power station?

    Language focus 2

    Rooms and furniture

    What does your house have?

    bedroom-

    bathroom-

    toilet-

    kitchen-

    balcony-

    hall-

    dining room-

    playroom-

    living room-

    garden-

    Furniture in your house

    shower-

    bath-

    window-

    chair-

    bed-

    door-

    bookcase-

    wardrobe-

    carpet-,

    linoleum-

    wallpaper-

    sofa-

    home equipment-

    ceiling-

    lamp-

    DVD-player-DVD

    hi-fi-

    TV set-

    curtains-,

    cooker-

    radiator-

    flower pots-

    washing machine-

    armchair-

    9.Say whether these sentences are true or false.

    , .

    Example: Your house / flat is near the river.

    No, it isnt near the river.

    1.Your house / flat has a big hall.

    2.You have a lot of home and kitchen equipment.

    3.You listen to your hi-fi every day.

    4.You have carpets in all the rooms.

    5.You can see a garden from the window.

    6.You like to take a shower.

    7.The bedroom has a sofa.

    8.You have bookcases in all the rooms.

    9.Your cooker is modern.

    10.The windows have beautiful curtains.

    10.Write General or Special Questions with the following words.

    .

    balcony

    hall

    curtains

    shower

    equipment

    armchair

    bookcase

    garden

    TV set

    11.Complete the sentences.

    .

    Our flat / house has.............................................................................................

    Our living room has.............................................................................................

    Our playroom has...............................................................................................

    Our kitchen has.................................................................................................

    Our hall has......................................................................................................

    Our bedroom has................................................................................................

    FOCUS ON GRAMMAR

    The Present Simple (Indefinite) Tense (more practice)

    () ( )

    1.Complete the sentences with the Adverbs of Time (often, always, never, usually, seldom, sometimes, every day / year / month / week).

    - (, , , , , , / / / ).

    1.He contacts with pleasant people.

    2.We live in the natural environment.

    3.She rents a furnished flat.

    4.They locate the electrical power station there.

    5.They move flats.

    6.They buy available furniture.

    7.You see ducks in the downtown.

    8.He changes his lifestyle.

    9.The children relax in the playroom.

    2.Write in the verbs in the correct form.

    .

    I (not to contact).....................................

    The flat (to have)....................................

    She (to enjoy).........................................

    David (not to rent)...................................

    The room (not to have).............................

    Sandra (not to move)...............................

    You (to show)........................................

    He (not to relax)....................................

    People (not to prefer)..............................

    They (to enjoy)......................................

    We (not to live).....................................

    Nat (to do)............................................

    They (to stay)........................................

    She (not to think)....................................

    3.Translate the sentences into English.

    .

    1. . ........................................................

    2. . ........................................................

    3. . ........................................................

    4. . ........................................................

    5. . ........................................................

    6. . ........................................................

    7. . ........................................................

    8. . ........................................................

    4.Complete the questions.

    .

    1.Does the flat................................................................................................?

    2.Does your friend...........................................................................................?

    3.Do they......................................................................................................?

    4.Do you.......................................................................................................?

    5.Do your guests..............................................................................................?

    6.Does the artist...............................................................................................?

    7.Does your husband.........................................................................................?

    8.Do your children...........................................................................................?

    5.Ask one Special question and answer it.

    .

    Example: The house has a balcony.

    How many balconies does the house have?

    The house has one balcony.

    1.She rents a big furnished flat.

    2.She relaxes in the bathroom.

    3.They contact with their French guests.

    4.We locate the gas line further from the house.

    5.They enjoy skiing in winter.

    6.I show her the pretty features of my flat.

    7.He goes fishing to his preferred lake.

    Language focus 2

    Types of Questions

    5 :

    ;

    ;

    ;

    ;

    .

    : do, does, am, are,is, can .. , , . . .

    : Do they go swimming every day?

    Does she live in a flat?

    Can they stay here?

    . , , . : + .

    : Why do they go swimming every day?

    Where does she live?

    When can they stay here?

    who what . ( , , is, are, am, can). .

    : Who goes swimming every day? ( : , : .)

    Who lives in a flat?

    Who can stay here?

    , or . .

    : Do they go swimming or fishing every day?

    Does she live in a house or in a flat?

    Can they or we stay here?

    : , : ?

    , ( ) . , ( ) .

    : They go fishing every day, dont they? , ?

    They dont go fishing every day, do they?

    She lives in London, doesnt she?

    She doesnt live in London, does she?

    We can stay here, cant we?

    We cant stay here, can we?

    6.Ask General Questions. Give negative answers.

    . .

    Example: He lives in a furnished flat. Does he live in a furnished flat? He doesnt live in a furnished flat.

    1.They seldom stay in London. ....................................

    2.He can enjoy natural environment. ....................................

    3.Alice prefers relaxing lifestyle. ....................................

    4.This double bed is available. ....................................

    5.These fireplaces are modern. ....................................

    6.Electrical power is very expensive there. ....................................

    7.My guests prefer freedom. ....................................

    8.She rents a house with a gas line. ....................................

    7.Read the sentences and General Questions to them. Then write a Special Question to each.

    . .

    8.Make up the Who-questions.

    .

    1.Who / contact / different people? ...............................................................

    2.Who / like / listen / rock music? ...............................................................

    3.Who / get up / six oclock? ...............................................................

    4.Who / can / rent / modern / cottage? ...............................................................

    5.Who / is / balcony? ...............................................................

    6.Who / prefer / furnished flats? ...............................................................

    9.Complete the Alternative Questions.

    .

    1.Does she live.........................................................................?

    2.Do they contact......................................................................?

    3.Can you...............................................................................?

    4.Is the flat..............................................................................?

    5.Are the bridges.......................................................................?

    6.Am I...................................................................................?

    7.Would you like to...................................................................?

    10.Match the halves of the Tag-questions.

    .

    11.Read the questions and translate them. Underline the auxiliary verb.

    . .

    1.Where do you want to rent a flat?........................................................................

    2.Is their lifestyle different?................................................................................

    3.Who contacts those managers? ..........................................................................

    4.Would you like to buy or to rent a house?.............................................................

    5.Do they go skiing every weekend?......................................................................

    6.The meeting is pleasant, isnt it? .......................................................................

    7.Does he move to Japan or to India?.....................................................................

    8.Who often stays in the hotel?............................................................................

    9.How much furniture do you buy?.......................................................................

    10.They dont locate the kitchen here, do they?........................................................

    12.Make up 5 questions to each of the sentences (one question of each type).

    ( ).

    1.Sam has a big garage.

    2.The downtown is lovely.

    3.They can change their lifestyle.

    READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE

    1.Answer the questions.

    .

    1.Do you live in a house or in a flat?

    2.What rooms does your house / flat have?

    3.Does your house / flat have a balcony?

    4.Which is your favourite place in your house / flat and why?

    5.Do your children have a playroom?

    6.What furniture do you have in the living room and in the bedroom?

    7.What floor do you have?

    8.Do you have many flower pots?

    9.Does your house / flat have central heating?

    10.What home equipment do you have?

    11.What would you like to change in your house / flat?

    2.Match the questions and the answers.

    .

    1.Do you live in a house or flat?

    2.Do you have a garage?

    3.How many rooms does it have?

    4.Do you have a garden?

    5.Do you have modern equipment?

    6.Do you have a fireplace in your flat?

    7.Where do you eat?

    A. No, I dont. We dont have central heating.

    B. My flat has three rooms, a kitchen, a bathroom and a toilet.

    C. Yes, we do. We have a big garden.

    D. Yes, we do. We have modern home and kitchen equipment.

    E. I live in a flat.

    F. Yes, of course. I have a car.

    G. We eat in the dining room.

    3.Draw a plan of your flat or a house. Describe your flat / house.

    . .

    4.Read the advertisement for rent. Answer the questions.

    . .

    1.Is it a house or a flat?

    2.Does it have a garage?

    3.Does it have an office?

    4.How many rooms does it have?

    5.Does it have a garden?

    6.How can you get to the city?

    Make up the possible questions.

    .

    1.....................................................................................?

    Yes, it has two.

    2.....................................................................................?

    Yes, its in the kitchen.

    3......................................................................................?

    Yes, its in the loft.

    4......................................................................................?

    No, it doesnt. But it has three fireplaces.

    5.Read the dialogue and try to learn it.

    .

    Julia: Good evening. Could I help you?

    Sam: Yes, please. I would like to rent a flat, a small flat.

    Julia: In the downtown or not?

    Sam: No, near the city. Ten or fifteen minutes by car.

    Julia: Furnished or unfurnished?

    Sam: Unfurnished.

    Julia: We have a lovely flat near here. It has two bedrooms, a living room, a kitchen and a bathroom.

    Sam: Does the flat have a garden?

    Julia: Yes, it does.

    Sam: Does it have central heating?

    Julia: Yes, it does.

    Sam: Id like to see it. Can I do it today?

    Julia: Yes, please. I can show you around.

    6.Make up a dialogue putting the sentences in the right order.

    , . .

    How many rooms would you like to have?

    Does it have central heating, electricity, natural gas and water?

    Can I help you?

    Furnished or unfurnished?

    Yes, please. Id like to rent a house.

    Yes, it does.

    Id like two rooms, a kitchen, a bathroom and a toilet.

    We have a lovely house with a garden and a garage.

    Furnished.

    Can you show me around? How much is the rent?

    7.Complete the sentences with the words from the Active Vocabulary.

    , .

    1.Does this house have...................................................................?

    2.I would like to...........................................................................

    3.He doesnt like to live...................................................................

    4.Where does she..........................................................................?

    5.He thinks that.............................................................................

    6.Could you.................................................................................?

    7.My friends cant..........................................................................

    8.Do their children.........................................................................?

    9.Why do they..............................................................................?

    10.We dont want to........................................................................

    7.Read this text.

    .

    Life on a houseboat.

    Truman Howel is an architect. He lives and works on a houseboat on the Mississippi river in the USA. He likes to show his friends around the houseboat.

    He has many reasons to prefer this lifestyle. He enjoys the life on a houseboat because he has the freedom to move his house where he wants. Now he locates the houseboat near St Paul, in front of the bridge. He enjoys natural environment around his house. He can see many trees and animals. He can sometimes go fishing.

    The houseboat has electrical power. It has natural gas that comes to the dock. It has the water from the public utility.

    Truman has a bedroom, a small living room and a small office with a table and office equipment.

    Truman often gets to the downtown, where he can go shopping or relax in a caf or in the restaurant.

    Are the sentences true or false?

    ?

    1.Truman lives on the houseboat with his friends.

    2.He enjoys this lifestyle.

    3.He has natural environment.

    4.The houseboat has central heating.

    5.Truman has an office on the houseboat.

    6.Truman works in the downtown.

    Lesson 6. Spare time


    LEAD-IN

    1.Answer the questions about yourself.

    .

    1.Where do you work?

    2.What do you like to do after work?

    3.Do you like to go skiing / fishing?

    4.What do you do at the weekend?

    5.What do your children do at the weekend?

    6.Do you like to cook at the weekend?

    7.With whom do you like to relax?

    8.Do you often go shopping at the weekend?

    9.Do you study at the weekend?

    10.Do you like to watch TV or listen to music in the evening?

    2.Say what you like to do at the weekend and what you dont like.

    , , .

    To study English, to cook, to do homework with children, to play football with friends, to help about the house, to do the cleaning, to watch TV, to go shopping, to meet friends, to read newspapers, to see sights, to listen to music, to enjoy nature, to go downtown.

    3.Say what would you like to do.

    , .

    At the weekend I would like to..............................................................................

    In summer I would like to....................................................................................

    In winter I would like to.......................................................................................

    In the evening Id like to.......................................................................................

    At the weekend my children would like to..................................................................

    In the morning my husband / wife would like to............................................................

    On holidays my family would like to........................................................................

    4.Write down 10 sentences using the words in the Word Box.

    10 , .

    Stays at home, doesnt go fishing, would like to rent a furnished house, have freedom, relaxing environment, dont contact people, has a cottage, prefers to live downtown, likes animals, dont have a loft.

    5.Put the sentences in the logical order to make a story.

    , .

    It is expensive but the flat is lovely.

    He rents a furnished flat in the town centre.

    At the weekend they would like to go to a small town in the north.

    Deny is a student.

    He has many friends and at the weekend he always meets them.

    Deny has a car and they can travel to various places.

    He studies and works very much, but likes to relax too.

    On holidays they see different sights.

    They sometimes go to the cinema or to the theatre.

    Three days a week he works as a translator to get money.

    FOCUS ON VOCABULARY

    Nouns

    1.hobby

    2.exercise

    To do morning exercises

    3.band ,

    4.club

    5.jazz

    6.photography

    7.photographer

    8.health

    9.midday

    At midday

    10.midnight

    At midnight

    11.cereal ,

    12.marmalade

    13.rice

    14.toast

    15.aerobics

    16.entertainment

    17.gym

    18.hour

    19.medicine

    20.generation

    21.parents

    22.daughter

    Adjectives

    1.basic

    2.residential

    3.special ,

    4.stressful

    5.useful

    Verbs

    1.to go out ( )

    2.to learn ,

    3.to paint ()

    4.to improve

    5.to use

    6.to import

    7.to sell

    8.to keep ,

    Word Combinations

    1.to get involved in

    2.to keep an eye on

    3.the whole country

    4.to import textiles

    5.to live separately

    6.to run business

    7.thats all .

    8.anything else? - ?

    9.Which one / ones? /?

    10.some of those

    11.wholesale market

    12.half past three

    13.quarter to / past four /

    14.coffee break

    15.learning centre

    16.spare time

    17.to ride a bicycle

    18.just a minute ( )

    1.Complete the sentences using the words from the Active Vocabulary.

    , .

    1.My parents and I...........................................................................................

    2.When I go shopping, I....................................................................................

    3.In the morning he always.................................................................................

    4.For breakfast I have.......................................................................................

    5.In the gym we..............................................................................................

    6.In my spare time I.........................................................................................

    7.I have lunch at.............................................................................................

    8.My daughter has..........................................................................................

    9.Id like to...................................................................................................

    10.On weekdays we.........................................................................................

    2.Fill in the gaps.

    .

    3.Make word combinations.

    .

    4.Make sentences with the two words given.

    , .

    to paint

    photographer

    generation

    run

    entertainment

    to paint

    aerobics

    hobby

    to sell

    parents

    club

    daughter

    the whole

    business

    special

    hour

    gym

    useful

    cereal

    to go out

    5.Translate into English.

    .

    1. .

    2. .

    3. .

    4. .

    5. ?

    6. , .

    7. .

    8. ? ?

    9. .

    10. . (to have) ?

    Language focus 1

    Shops and goods

    Shops

    At the greengrocers

    At the butchers

    At the bakers

    At the newsagents

    At the chemists

    At the supermarket

    At the post office

    At the cafe

    In the shop

    At the market

    Goods

    Meat

    Grapes

    Bread

    Postcards

    Magazine

    Medicine

    Beef

    Apples

    Chicken ,

    Pears

    Oranges

    Diary

    Stamps

    Vegetables

    Strawberries

    Batteries

    Envelopes

    Towel

    Potatoes

    Soap

    Razor

    Clothes

    Fruit

    Sportswear

    Sausages ,

    Oil

    Records ,

    Eggs

    Stationary

    Toothbrush

    6.Say where you can buy:

    , :

    Mushrooms, a cake, a pen, oranges, postcards, a book, beef, grapefruit, apple juice, boots, a diary, a razor, potatoes, a bunch of flowers, eggs, a toothbrush, medicines, bread, a magazine, a cup of coffee, clothes.

    7.Make up word combinations.

    .

    8.Translate the sentences.

    .

    1. .

    2. .

    3. ? .

    4. , .

    5. ?

    6. ?

    7. .

    8. . ?

    9.Find the odd word out.

    .

    1.bakers, post office, batteries, greengrocers;

    2.clothes, strawberries, sportswear, boots;

    3.chicken, beef, bread, meat;

    4.bananas, tomatoes, grapes, eggs;

    5.bottle, glass, cup, coffee;

    6.marmalade, soup, toasts, yogurt.

    10.Answer the questions.

    .

    1.What do you usually buy at the bakers?

    2.What clothes do you usually buy at the supermarket?

    3.Where do you buy food and why?

    4.When you relax in the bar, what do you usually drink?

    5.Who can you give a bunch of flowers?

    6.Where can you buy medicines?

    7.What food do you usually buy when you go out?

    8.Do you prefer to buy food in the shop or at the market?

    9.Do you like to go shopping in your spare time? What do you like to buy?10. What dont you like to buy and why?

    Language focus 2

    Prepositions of time

    At five oclock am/pm /

    From five to seven oclock

    At half past two ( )

    At (a) quarter past seven

    At (a) quarter to seven

    At midday

    At midnight

    On weekdays

    At the weekend

    On Monday / Tuesday / Wednesday / Thursday / Friday / Saturday / Sunday / / / / / /

    In my spare time

    On holidays

    11.Write General or Special Questions.

    .

    1.I improve my English at the weekend.

    2.He works at the bakers from seven am to six pm.

    3.In my spare time I buy sportswear.

    4.On holidays I keep an eye on my daughter and two sons.

    5.On Thursday the whole country has a holiday.

    6.She sells textiles on weekdays.

    7.At half past one we have a coffee break.

    8.Our generation doesnt wake up at five am.

    9.At the weekend we have entertainment in a jazz club.

    12.Complete the gaps with a suitable preposition

    .

    At, from, to, on, on, at, on, in, at, at.

    1.My son and daughter often do to the gym............the weekend.

    2...........Saturday my wife and I ride bicycles to improve health.

    3.We do athletics...............five..............eight.

    4.They would like to study in a residential college...............holidays.

    5.This artist doesnt paint.............. midnight.

    6.We seldom go to the caf.............weekdays.

    7.Id like to come to the learning centre...........half past ten.

    8.She goes to the wholesale market............ midday.

    9.They never use a computer.............their spare time.

    13.Complete the sentences.

    .

    On weekdays....................................................................................................

    In her spare time................................................................................................

    On Monday......................................................................................................

    At the weekend.................................................................................................

    At midday.......................................................................................................

    From six to nine...............................................................................................

    At quarter to ten................................................................................................

    FOCUS ON GRAMMAR

    Language focus 1

    Possessive Case

    . , , , .

    s .

    Davids sister

    My daughter's friends

    s, s . :

    James sister

    .

    Students flats

    My friends car

    s (. ), s. :

    My childrens toys

    The womens husbands

    1.Write who they belong to.

    , .

    Example:

    My father, newspaper my fathers newspaper

    my wife, cat .....................................................................

    children, this woman .....................................................................

    the students, address .....................................................................

    textiles, that company .....................................................................

    this generation, customs .....................................................................

    entertainment, James .....................................................................

    club, those women .....................................................................

    exhibitions, those photographers .....................................................................

    Mr. Sames, lifestyle .....................................................................

    my parents, health .....................................................................

    2.Answer the questions.

    .

    1.What is your fathers business?

    2.What is your childrens entertainment?

    3.What is your wifes/husbands name?

    4.Which is your wifes favourite supermarket?

    5.Would you like to see your friends new car?

    6.What is your dogs/cats name?

    7.Where is your parents house?

    8.What is your familys hobby?

    3.You show your Family Photo Album to your friends. Translate what you say.

    . .

    . . . . . (pictures) . . , ?

    (riding) . , (the new ones).

    4.Make up 5 questions to each of the sentences (one question of each type).

    ( ).

    1.Alice wants to improve her parents health.

    2.They dont want to sell their friends car.

    3.Our daughters aerobics classes are very useful.

    Language focus 2

    The Gerund

    , ing ( ?). , .

    I hate riding. (?) .

    He likes reading. (?) .

    to. :

    I like to listen to music.

    I like listening to music.

    5.Make up sentences.

    .

    6.What do you do in your spare time? Complete the sentences about yourself.

    ? .

    In my spare time

    I enjoy......................................................................................................

    I like.........................................................................................................

    I am bored with............................................................................................

    I hate........................................................................................................

    I am interested in.........................................................................................

    I am keen on..............................................................................................

    I love.......................................................................................................

    7.There is one mistake in each sentence. Find and correct it.

    .

    1.She is not interested on going shopping. ................................

    2.My parents arent like riding bicycles. ................................

    3.Ann is keens on importing textiles. ................................

    4.Your sister dont enjoy improving her health. ................................

    5.We likes to go out at the weekend. ................................

    6.Do they bored with listening to jazz? ................................

    7.Why does she hates learning French? ................................

    8.He loves plaing tennis. ................................

    8.Answer the questions. Say when they do it.

    . , .

    :

    Is your wife keen on skiing?

    Yes, she is. She goes skiing on holidays.

    1.Are you interested in training in the gym?

    2.Is your daughter keen on swimming?

    3.Are your friends interested in going out?

    4.Do you enjoy meeting people?

    5.Does your wife/husband like living in natural environment?

    6.Do your children enjoy going to sport clubs?

    7.Do you enjoy doing morning exercises?

    8.Do your parents like riding bicycles?

    9.Does your wife enjoy shopping for clothes?

    10.Are you interested in buying food?

    Language focus 3

    The Present Continuous Tense

    , , . , now , at the present moment , at this moment .

    The Present Continuous Tense to be is/am/are ing .

    I am reading now.

    She is riding now.

    They are skiing now.

    :

    Are they playing tennis now?

    They arent writing now.

    What is she reading at this moment?

    She is painting now, isnt she?

    :

    e ing

    write-writing

    ,

    sit-sitting, swim-swimming

    9.Match the sentences to their translations.

    .

    10.Translate the sentences in the Present Simple and Present Continuous.

    , .

    11.Ask General Questions. Give negative answers.

    . .

    Example: He is playing football now. Is he playing football now? He isnt playing football now.

    1.They are doing aerobics now.

    2.He is going to the wholesale market at this moment.

    3.John often improves his health in the gym.

    4.Susan learns German in the club.

    5.We are selling textiles now.

    6.In their spare time they ride bicycles.

    7.My friend usually does useful exercises.

    8.She is painting nature now.

    READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE

    1.Answer the questions.

    .

    1.What do you enjoy doing in your spare time?

    2.Do you go out at the weekend?

    3.Are you learning now?

    4.Do you like listening to music in your spare time?

    5.What do your children enjoy doing in their spare time?

    6.What is your wife/husband doing now?

    7.How do you improve your health?

    8.Do you go shopping at the weekend?

    9.What do you hate doing at the weekend?

    10.What books are you keen on reading?

    2.Read these sentences. Underline the words from the Active Vocabulary.

    Close your eyes.How many sentences can you recollect?

    .

    .

    1.I would like to live separately from my parents.

    2.My guests are going to the wholesale market at this moment.

    3.At the greengrocers they sell vegetables and fruit.

    4.My wifes friend is now buying medicine at the chemists.

    5.They are bored with learning useful things.

    6.Is she interested in riding a bicycle in her spare time?

    7.She is going to the butchers now to buy beef and chicken.

    8.Where do they sell towels and razors?

    9.They are speaking about their hobby at this moment.

    10.Would you like a piece of cake and a glass of milk?

    3.Read the dialogues and try to learn them.

    .

    I At the newsagents

    James: Id like some envelopes. How much are they?

    Shop assistant: These ones or those ones?

    James: Those ones, please.

    Shop assistant: Twenty pence each, sir.

    James: Id like three, please.

    Shop assistant: Anything else?

    James: Yes, please. Todays newspaper.

    Shop assistant: Im sorry. We dont sell newspapers.

    II At the greengrocers

    Denis: What do you sell in your shop?

    Shop assistant: I sell fruit, vegetables, salads and flowers.

    Denis: I see you have white grapes this morning. How much are they?

    Shop assistant: Which ones? These? 1 pound a pound.

    Denis: And those red ones?

    Shop assistant: The same.

    Denis: Right. I would like to buy a bunch of white grapes. Where do you get them?

    Shop assistant: Just a minute. O.K. I go to the wholesale market every morning.

    Denis: Oh. Can I have two oranges, please? I think thats all.

    Shop assistant: Thats all? That is 2 pounds twenty.

    4.Complete the text with the words from the Word Box.

    .

    whole useful separately keeps involved keen learn improve textiles

    The Ahluwalia family come from India but now they live and work in London. They run a ............... family business. Their two generations are ............ on selling textiles. Their basic work is importing ............ from Japan, India, France.

    The ............ family is interested in the business: the father, the mother, the mothers sister, the mothers brother, the brothers wife. Their father generally ............... an eye on the whole business. The women want to get ............... into the business, too. They do the office work.

    The family would like to ............ their work and try to find modern textiles. They always use modern equipment in their work.

    The parents and their children live...............Their last generation their children ............... at schools in London.

    Try to retell the text.

    .

    5.Give possible answers to the questions.

    .

    1.What is your wifes job?

    2.Do your sisters children study at school?

    3.What is your daughters entertainment?

    4.Do your friends parents work in a stressful environment?

    5.Is their childrens health very important?

    6.Are James friends keen on riding bicycles?

    7.Is Alexs gym very useful?

    6.Make up a dialogue putting the sentences in the right order.

    , . .

    Yes, I am. Just a minute. Cant you see? I am improving my health.

    Yes, it can. When I am reading it, you dont ask me to do anything. And it improves my health very much.

    James, what are you doing?

    A book How to improve health.

    Im working.

    Can it improve your health?

    Are you working?

    Oh, really? Then Id like to read it, too. And you go to the wholesale market and buy food. O.K.?

    And what are you reading?

    No, not O.K. Im sleeping now.

    7.Read this text.

    .

    At an English Language School

    Mark Bibi is a teacher of English in one of the colleges in Britain. He works in a residential college. It means that students live and eat here. Students come here from various countries. The whole college have breakfast from eight oclock to nine oclock. The basic lessons start at nine oclock.

    The lessons are an hour and a half long. At half past ten the students have coffee, and the coffee break is half an hour. Then they start again at eleven oclock for an hour and a half. Lunch is from twelve thirty to two oclock. And then they get involved into class activities from two oclock till three thirty.

    After classes the students are not bored. They can study in the learning centre, play volleyball or football, have aerobics or do athletics in the gym. They can improve their health here.

    In their spare time they can paint or go to the jazz club. It is located near the college. Students can have entertainment in college. They watch videos or television. Students can go out to the cinema or to the restaurant. Many students have their hobbies.

    Are the sentences true or false?

    ?

    1.Students dont study here.

    2.After lunch the students have lessons.

    3.After classes the students always go out.

    4.Students can go to the gym.

    5.Students dont have spare time.

    6.You can watch television in college.

    Lesson 7. At the office


    LEAD-IN

    1.Answer the questions about yourself.

    .

    1.What entertainment do you have in the evening after work?

    2.Do you and your colleagues go out at the weekends?

    3.Does your office have modern equipment?

    4.Is your work stressful?

    5.How do you improve your work?

    6.Do you have spare time at work?

    7.What do you do at the coffee breaks?

    8.Is your work useful?

    9.Who keeps an eye on your work?

    10.What business do you run?

    2.Make up correct sentences.

    .

    1.They/not/sell/medicines/now.

    2.She/often/import/textiles/different countries.

    3.you/go/the greengrocers/every Sunday?

    4.What/you/paint/now?

    5.He/not/improve/his health/the gym.

    6.they/go out/the weekend?

    7.What/she/usually/do/her spare time?

    8.What language/he/learn/now?

    9.They/not/use/office equipment/at the moment.

    10.your daughter/have/entertainment/the evenings?

    Try to recollect as many sentences as possible.

    .

    3.Say what you enjoy, are interested in, are keen on, are bored with doing at work.

    , , , , .

    Using a computer, learning new things, listening to the boss, having coffee breaks, talking to colleagues, signing contracts, working in stressful environment, working with documents, keeping an eye on the whole business, meeting new people, showing my boss the results of my work, giving bunches of flowers to women-colleagues.

    4.Say what you do at work.

    , .

    At ten oclock ...................................................................................................

    At half past twelve..............................................................................................

    From one to two oclock .......................................................................................

    The whole afternoon............................................................................................

    At quarter to six.................................................................................................

    At half past six...................................................................................................

    After work........................................................................................................

    FOCUS ON VOCABULARY

    Nouns

    1.office equipment

    2.chair

    To take a chair

    3.drawer ()

    The top drawer of the table

    4.paper

    5.post

    To send by post

    6.socket

    7.video recorder

    8.DVD player DVD

    9.overhead projector

    10.computer presentation

    11.transparency ( )

    12.department ,

    13.sign , .

    To give a sign

    14.airline

    Airline ticket

    15.area

    Residential area

    16.client

    17.courier

    18.lease ,

    To take on lease

    19.tenant

    Adjectives

    1.terrible

    2.simple

    3.healthy

    4.each

    Verbs

    1.to draw ;

    2.to hear

    3.to type

    4.to wait for .-.

    5.to analyse

    6.to organize

    7.to prepare

    Adverbs

    1.immediately

    2.especially

    3.already

    4.almost

    5.also

    6.altogether

    Word Combinations

    1.next to

    The supermarket is next to the office.

    2.come this way

    3.in the next office ()

    4.never mind ,

    5.dry cleaning

    6.reception area

    7.telephone lines

    8.a wide variety of things ()

    9.to sign the documents

    10.to discuss the problems

    11.to analyse work

    1.Complete the sentences using the words from the Active Vocabulary.

    , .

    1.In the office we............................................................................................

    2.Our clients can.............................................................................................

    3.We can discuss.............................................................................................

    4.They can organise..........................................................................................

    5.Our department is...........................................................................................

    6.The boss cant...............................................................................................

    7.At coffee breaks we........................................................................................

    8.My colleagues..............................................................................................

    9.Id like to show you.......................................................................................

    10.That area...................................................................................................

    2.Match the word with the translation.

    .

    ()

    -

    immediately

    department

    to sign

    dry cleaning

    altogether

    simple

    lease

    equipment

    reception

    to wait for

    to discuss

    wide

    airline

    also

    to type

    especially

    socket

    drawer

    post

    almost

    3.Complete the table with the words from the Word Box.

    .

    Department, immediately, also, client, terrible, to draw, to type, almost, simple, equipment, post, to discuss, especially, healthy, to sign, to organize, each, area, modern, already.

    Write some sentences with four words (one adjective, one noun, one verb and one adverb) in one sentence.

    , , , .

    Example: Healthy clients also organize meetings.

    4.Translate into English.

    .

    1. .

    2. .

    3. .

    4. .

    5. ?

    6. .

    7. .

    8. ( ).

    9. ! .

    10. .

    Language focus 1

    Office Equipment

    fax-machine

    photocopier

    laser printer/inkjet printer /

    software

    hardware

    answering-machine

    telephone lines

    disk

    monitor

    keyboard

    socket

    lamp

    file ,

    wastepaper basket

    desk

    overhead projector

    transparency

    mouse

    mouse-mat

    scanner

    badge

    whiteboard

    screen

    5.Speak about your office. What is modern, old, expensive, cheap?

    Say where these things are. Use the prepositions below.

    . , , , ? , . , .

    6.Write what you would like to have in your own office. Where would you like to buy it? Where would you like to place it? Draw a plan of your own office.

    , . ? ? .

    7.Write the General questions and give negative answers.

    .

    Example: She is using a fax-machine now.

    Is she using a fax-machine now? She isnt using a fax-machine now.

    1.My clients from the software company are waiting for me in the reception area.

    2.I am keen on preparing computer presentations on the screen.

    3.The modern overhead projector works very well.

    4.I would like to buy a new keyboard for the monitor.

    5.She likes keeping her documents in files.

    6.The wastepaper basket is behind the door.

    7.They are showing us the laser printer and the photocopier now.

    Language focus 2

    Imperatives

    : .

    :

    Send a fax! !

    Discuss this problem today! !

    Buy a new keyboard! !

    :

    Dont (Do not) send this fax! !

    Dont discuss this problem today! !

    Do not buy a keyboard in this shop! !

    8.Read the dialogue. Fill in the missing words taking.

    . .

    Type, department, look, come, send, ask, sit, use, wait, get

    Boss: .................. with me, Miss Marston. This ............ has five offices. This is your office and your desk. .................. down, please.

    Girl: But I cant see the chair.

    Boss: Chair? You are right. ............... the chair!

    Girl: Where can I get the chair?

    Boss: In the next office. Never mind. ............... the letter now.

    Girl: But where is the paper?

    Boss: Paper? Dont .................. such questions! ............ at the top drawer of the desk!

    Girl: But the desk doesnt have drawers!

    Boss: Miss Marston. Get a chair, the paper and the drawers!

    Girl: How?

    Boss: .................. the phone, Miss Marston. Use the phone.

    Girl: And where is the phone?

    Boss: No phone?

    Girl: No.

    Boss: But you have a fax-machine. ............ a fax, Miss Marston. Send a fax.

    Girl: Do you have the sockets? For the fax-machine.

    Boss: Sockets? Of course. Oh. No sockets.

    Girl: I cant work here! I cant!

    Boss: You can. .................. for me ... There! Now you can work.

    9.Make up word combinations.

    .

    Dont send

    Eat

    Dont listen to

    Open

    Wait for

    Organise

    Dont discuss

    Improve

    Dont sell

    Keep

    me, please!

    our meeting at midday!

    an eye on this business!

    healthy food!

    this terrible music!

    your health!

    your old monitor!

    a new file!

    the fax now! Alice can do it.

    your boss with your colleagues!

    FOCUS ON GRAMMAR

    Language focus 1

    The Present Continuous Tense (More practice)

    ( )

    1.There is one mistake in each sentence. Find and correct it.

    .

    1.She is often working on the keyboard.

    2.Where are they draw now?

    3.We is waiting for our friend now.

    4.Julia usually doing a wide variety of things.

    5.The secretary organise a meeting every Tuesday.

    6.The couriers are to using all telephone lines at the moment.

    7.The boss is signing the documents now?

    8.They not are waiting for me in the reception.

    2.Translate the sentences.

    .

    1. .

    2. ?

    3. .

    4. .

    5.

    6. ?

    7. .

    8. .

    3.Answer the questions.

    .

    1.What document are you typing now?

    2.How often do you discuss problems with your wife?

    3.Is your boss signing the documents at the moment?

    4.Who always organises meetings in your department?

    5.What presentation are you preparing now?

    6.Are you waiting for a message now?

    7.Who is working in the next office?

    8.Do your children always eat healthy food?

    9.Do you post your letters immediately?

    10.Are your clients waiting for you in the reception area at the moment?

    Language focus 2

    There is/are

    Some/any/no

    there is/are

    some/any/no

    I. , , There is/There are. There is/There are , , . , .

    :

    There is a computer in this office.

    .

    There are five clients in the reception.

    .

    :

    Theres a phone here.

    Is there a phone here?

    There isnt a phone here.

    :

    The couriers are in that department.

    . : ?

    There are our couriers in that department.

    . : ?

    there (), .

    There are two keyboards there. .

    II. ( ) some( )/any ( )/no ( ).

    There is some water on the table. ( ) .

    There are some people in the office. .

    Are there any people in the office? ?

    There are no people in the office. .

    4.Answer the questions.

    .

    :

    What is there on the table? There are two files on the table.

    Where is the table? The table is next to the window.

    1.Where are the airline tickets?

    2.Where is the International department?

    3.What is there in the drawer?

    4.What is there behind the wastepaper basket?

    5.Where is the reception area?

    6.What is there in the next office?

    7.How many rooms are there in your flat?

    8.How many messages are there in the mail-box?

    9.Where are the video recorders?

    10.Who is there in the meetings room?

    5.Change the sentences in the Singular into the Plural and the Plural into the Singular.

    , .

    :

    There are five offices in this department. There is an office in this department.

    There is a fax-machine on the table. There are fax-machines on the table.

    There are some clients in the reception.

    There is some water in the bottle.

    There are seven sockets in the room.

    There are three drawers in the desk.

    There is a message in the mail-box.

    There are some documents there.

    There is some post on the boss desk.

    There are some transparencies next to the overhead projector.

    6.Make up interrogative and negative sentences.Give their translation.

    . .

    :

    There are five computers in the office. Are there five computers in the office? There arent five computers in the office.

    5 . 5 ? .

    There is a chair behind each desk.

    There is a video recorder in that department.

    There are some sockets in the office.

    There are three clients in the reception.

    There are telephone lines in almost all the rooms.

    There is some milk and some coffee in the fridge.

    7.Look around. Answer the questions.

    . .

    1.Are there any sockets in your room?

    2.Is there any paper on your table?

    3.What is there next to the window?

    4.How many drawers are there in your desk?

    5.Are there any children in the room?

    6.Where are your books?

    7.Where is your food?

    8.There is an extra word in each sentence. Find it.

    .

    1.There are not no drawers in the desk.

    2.There is a some fax-machine in our department.

    3.There is not some any paper in the laser printer.

    4.Are there any an airline tickets in the reception?

    5.There is not a any juice in the glass.

    6.How many rooms are there are in this department?

    7.Are there any not letters for our tenants?

    READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE

    1.Answer the questions.

    .

    1.What do you usually do at work?

    2.What do you especially enjoy/are bored with/hate doing?

    3.What are you doing now?

    4.What are your secretaries/managers doing now?

    5.What equipment is there in your office?

    6.How many departments are there in your office?

    7.How often do you organize meetings/discuss your problems/send letters/sign the documents?

    8.How many people are there in the office today?

    9.Who is using a phone now?

    10.Who regularly brings new information to the office?

    2.Complete the questions in The Present Continuous and Present Simple tenses with the words from the Active Vocabulary.

    , .

    1.Are you...................................................................?

    2.What is he...............................................................?

    3.Am I.....................................................................?

    4.Where is he..............................................................?

    5.Why are the doctors.....................................................?

    6.Does she..................................................................?

    7.When does he............................................................?

    8.Who.........................................................................?

    9.Why do they...............................................................?

    3.Read the dialogue and try to learn it.

    .

    Boris: Julia, could you help me, please?

    Julia: Yes, Boris. What is wrong?

    Boris: Well. I would like Alice to type a letter. But there arent any secretaries in the department now.

    Julia: I see. Can you type?

    Boris: Yes. I think so.

    Julia: There is a word processor on Alice s desk. Can you use a word processor?

    Boris: Yes. And where is the disk?

    Julia: It is in the top drawer of the desk.

    Boris: Julia, there isnt a dollar sign!

    Julia: Yes, there is.

    Boris: Well, I cant see it.

    Julia: Oh. Boris. Thats terrible. Would you like me to help you?

    Boris: Oh, thanks. Can you read my writing?

    Julia: Yes. I think so!

    4.Complete the dialogue with the words from the Word Box.

    .

    already, prepare, hobby, a wide variety of, exhibition, reading

    A: Alice! It is seven oclock! And you are still working!

    B: No, I am not working. Im.........................

    A: What are you reading? Is it a business document?

    B: No, it isnt. It is a German book. Im leaning German.

    A: Is German for work or is it a..................?

    B: Its for work. I want to .................. some transparences in German. For our international................

    A: Are you keen on learning languages?

    B: Yes, I like learning them. I ..................... know four.

    A: Oh. And I can speak just two.

    B: Well. Never mind. You can do ...............other things.

    5.You are very angry. What will you say? Find the proper response.

    . ? .

    1.The children dont want to get up. It is time to go to school.

    2 The cat is eating your breakfast.

    3.Your wife wants to have a holiday without you.

    4.Your son is not eating his dinner. He is watching TV.

    5.Your secretary doesnt have transparencies.

    6.Your fridge is empty. You have no food to eat. And your 16-year-old son is playing computer games.

    7.Your husband doesnt want to give you the money he gets at work.

    8.Your children dont want to show you their school results.

    9.It is very cold. The window is open.

    10.Your baby is drawing on your documents.

    A. Dont go without me, please!

    B. Dont watch TV! Eat your dinner!

    C. Alec! Go to the shop! Now!

    D. Show me your record books, please. I want to see them.

    E. Get up immediately!

    F. Ruby! Close the window!

    G. Dont eat my sausage!

    H. Oh! Jimmy! What are you doing! Dont draw here!

    I. Go and buy them now!

    J. Give me the money, please.

    6.Read this text.

    .

    At a London Business Centre

    A business centre is a place where there are some offices. They are already furnished. There are telephone lines and telephones already in the rooms. A businessman can sign a simple lease and start work here immediately.

    There are fifty-six rooms altogether in the centre. There are also two kitchens where the tenants can make coffee. There is a large coffee room where the tenants can relax and watch TV. There are two reception areas where the tenants guests can wait for the tenants.

    We can do a wide variety of things for our clients. We can type all their letters and prepare their documents. We can send them by e-mail or by post. We can organize couriers and taxis for them. Our secretaries can buy airline tickets. We can organize their meetings and food for those meetings. We can also organize their dry cleaning and send flowers to their wives.

    Are the sentences true or false?

    ?

    1.A business centre has one office.

    2.Different businessmen can work in this centre if they sign a special document.

    3.There is a coffee room there.

    4.The tenants guests can wait for them in the reception.

    5.The business centre can do a lot of things for the businessmen.

    6.Its secretaries can discuss important questions with the bosses.

    Lesson 8. Now and then


    LEAD-IN

    1.Answer the questions about yourself.

    .

    1.How do you prefer to relax?

    2.What do you usually do on holidays?

    3.Do you like to organize meetings with your friends on holidays?

    4.Which places would you like to visit this summer?

    5.Do all people in your department have holidays in summer?

    6.Can you take a vacation immediately? Why/Why not?

    7.Your children can do a wide variety of things in summer, don't they?

    8.How do you prepare for your summer trips?

    9.Do you study the area on the map before you go?

    10.How much does your trip usually cost altogether?

    2.Say what you are doing now, and what-not.

    , , .

    My wife/husband................................................................................................

    Me........................................................................................................................

    Our children.........................................................................................................

    3.Make up correct questions.

    .

    1.She never analyses new information.

    Why......................................................................................................

    2.The tenants are discussing the new department functions.

    Where...................................................................................................

    3.There are some guests in the reception area.

    Are.........................................................................................................

    4.The secretary is preparing a simple lease.

    What......................................................................................................

    5.The clients can't come immediately.

    Why.........................................................................................................

    6.There are some telephone lines in the office.

    Are............................................................................................................

    7.She is waiting for you in the next office.

    Who.........................................................................................................

    8.There is some paper in the drawer.

    Is...............................................................................................................

    9.We often organize dry cleaning for our clients.

    When......................................................................................................

    10.The courier can't hear you.

    Who.........................................................................................................

    4.Say what there is in your office, but isnt in the next office, and vice versa.

    Say what there is in your house, but isnt in your friends house, and vice versa.

    , , , . , , , .

    Offices

    There are three sockets in this office, but there are no sockets in the next office.

    .....................................................................................................................

    .....................................................................................................................

    .....................................................................................................................

    .....................................................................................................................

    Houses/Flats

    There is a whiteboard in my friend's flat, but there isn't any whiteboard in our flat.

    .....................................................................................................................

    .....................................................................................................................

    .....................................................................................................................

    .....................................................................................................................

    FOCUS ON VOCABULARY

    Nouns

    1.match

    2.nursery ,

    3.soccer

    Soccer player

    4.zoo

    5.swimming pool

    6.flight ,

    7.holiday ,

    On holidays

    8.journey ,

    9.studio ,

    10.water-skis

    11.weather

    12.caravan , -

    To go caravanning -

    13.present

    To give a present

    14.audience ,

    Audience room

    15.bath

    To take a bath

    16.castle

    17.century

    18.fork

    19.spoon

    20.knife-knives -

    21.history

    22.king

    23.queen

    24.monastery

    25.visitor

    Adjectives

    1.awful

    2.cold

    to be cold ,

    3.comfortable ,

    4.hot ,

    5.last ,

    6.wonderful

    7.tired ,

    8.wet ,

    9.old ,

    Verbs

    11.to add ,

    2.to build

    Adverbs

    1.yesterday

    2.really ,

    3.two days ago

    4.last year

    5.last month

    6.then

    Pronouns

    1.something -

    2.somewhere -

    3.somebody -

    4.someone -

    Word Combinations

    1.all right ,

    To be all right

    Its all right

    2.to take round

    She takes visitors round the castle.

    1.Match the word with the translation.

    .

    2.Make word combinations.

    .

    3.Answer the questions. In each of your answers there must be two words from the Active Vocabulary.

    , .

    1.How is the weather?

    ....................................................................................

    2.Where would you like to go in summer?

    ....................................................................................

    3.Why are you so tired?

    ....................................................................................

    4.Can you go to the match with me?

    ....................................................................................

    5.What are you reading?

    ....................................................................................

    6.Are there any beautiful places there?

    ....................................................................................

    7.What is he building?

    ....................................................................................

    8.Is this castle old?

    ....................................................................................

    4.Translate into English.

    .

    1. ..........................................

    2. ?

    .............................................................................................

    3. .

    .........................................................................................................

    4. . .............................................

    5. ?.......................................

    6. . . .

    ............................................................................................................

    7. ! ..........................................

    8. , .

    ...............................................................................................................

    9. . ?

    ...............................................................................................................

    10. . .

    ...............................................................................................................

    Language focus 1

    Few/little, much/many

    ,

    :

    Few

    A few

    Many

    A lot of

    , many offices, few people, a few forks, a lot of castles.

    :

    Little

    A little

    Much

    A lot of

    , little water, a little information, much software, a lot of bread.

    5.Translate into English.

    .

    A. , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

    .....................................................................................................................

    .....................................................................................................................

    .....................................................................................................................

    .....................................................................................................................

    B. ...............................................................

    ...............................................................

    ..................................................................

    .

    .....................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................

    .......................................

    ...................................................

    ...................................................

    6.Say what is true about you and what is not.

    , .

    1.There is much food in your fridge now.

    .....................................................................................................................

    2.There is little money in your safe.

    .....................................................................................................................

    3.You would like to have many boyfriends/girlfriends.

    .....................................................................................................................

    4.You know much English.

    .....................................................................................................................

    5.You can cook many nice things.

    .....................................................................................................................

    6.You would like to buy a few new clothes.

    .....................................................................................................................

    7.You learn many new English words every day.

    .....................................................................................................................

    8.You can do many jobs.

    .....................................................................................................................

    9.You have very little spare time.

    .....................................................................................................................

    10.You would like to visit a lot of countries in Europe.

    .....................................................................................................................

    7.In each sentence there is a mistake. Find and correct it.

    .

    There is a lot of old castles in this part of the country.

    Few houses here are comfortable, isnt they?

    He knows very much about the history of much monasteries.

    There are a few visitor in the audience room.

    They have a little journeys in summer.

    I cant take a bath here. The bath is very few.

    He wants to give you much wonderful presents.

    Dont add a much salt to the pizza.

    There are a few peoples in those caravans.

    Few children are having holidays now, arent he?

    Language focus 2

    Something/anything/nothing

    Somebody/anybody/nobody

    -

    -

    , some (somebody, someone, something).

    There is something in this box.I can see somebody (someone) under the bridge.

    , any (anybody, anyone, anything).

    Is there anybody here?

    Why don't you learn anything?

    , any, , no.

    There isnt anything interesting downtown.

    There is nothing interesting downtown.

    There isnt anyone at the zoo.

    There is no-one (nobody) at the zoo.

    8.Read the sentences. You are sure they are not true. Correct them.

    . , . .

    Example: There is nobody at the office after seven oclock.

    But there is! There is our boss at the office after seven. He never goes home before eight.

    1.Oh, look! There is somebody in our caravan.

    .......................................................................................

    2.There is nothing interesting in our century.

    .......................................................................................

    3.The audience know nothing about the topic of my report.

    .......................................................................................

    4.You cant add anything to this soup.

    .......................................................................................

    5.There isnt anything boring about the flight.

    .......................................................................................

    6.Nobody can play soccer very well.

    .......................................................................................

    7.Your children have nothing interesting to do on holidays.

    .......................................................................................

    9.Make up sentences using the following words.

    , .

    Example: anything, match

    Do you eat anything after the match?

    Nothing, swimming pool

    Anyone, to build

    Nobody, flight

    Something, flight

    Anything, studio

    Anybody, tired

    Something, weather

    Somebody, century

    FOCUS ON GRAMMAR

    Language focus 1

    Was/were

    to be was/were

    to be : was/were.

    I was a student.

    You were a student.

    She was a student.

    He was a student.

    It was a student.

    We were students.

    You were students.

    They were students.

    , was/were .

    Was she a student last year?

    Were they in the audience room an hour ago?

    , was/were .

    Where were you on Sunday?

    When was she at the soccer match?

    not : wasnt (was not), werent (were not).

    It wasnt really awful.

    The people werent tired.

    1.Translate the sentences.

    .

    1. , ?

    ..........................................................................................

    2. .

    ..........................................................................................

    3. .

    ..........................................................................................

    4. ?

    ..........................................................................................

    5. .

    ..........................................................................................

    6. ?

    ..........................................................................................

    7. .

    ..........................................................................................

    8. .

    ..........................................................................................

    2.Answer the questions.

    .

    1.Where were you last Monday?

    2.Where were your children yesterday?

    3.Who was at home yesterday evening?

    4.Was your last flight comfortable?

    5.Was the soccer match interesting?

    6.When was your last holiday?

    7.Was the weather cold or hot last week?

    8.Was your flat furnished two years ago?

    9.Were you interested in natural environment last year?

    10.Was your wife keen on sport three years ago?

    3.Complete the sentences.

    , was were.

    1............. you at school yesterday?

    No, .....................at work.

    2..........your father at work yesterday?

    Yes, he .............

    3.............your children at school yesterday?

    No, they .........They ............at home.

    4.............David at work yesterday?

    No, he ......... He ............at home.

    5.............Natalie and Kevin at work yesterday?

    No, they ............. They .........out.

    6.............your friend at at work.

    Language focus 2

    The Past Simple (Indefinite) Tense

    Past Simple (Indefinite), :

    Yesterday ;

    Last week ;

    Last month ;

    Last year ;

    Two years ago ;

    In 1995 1995, ..

    . .

    :

    + ed.

    , to play-played, to look-looked.

    :

    ed [d] : stayed, listened. , [t]: kissed, cooked. t d [id]: to found () founded.

    y i ed: to copy-copied.

    ( ) ed: to stop stopped [stopt].

    e, d: to use-used

    . . :

    To be was/were (. Focus on Grammar, Language focus 1)

    To begin-began

    To build-built

    To come-came

    To do-did

    To go-went

    To have-had

    To read-read [red]

    To see-saw

    To take-took

    : He goes to work every day. But last week he went to work only on Monday.

    did ( to be, was/were), (ed) ( ).

    :

    He played tennis last Tuesday.

    Did he play tennis last Tuesday?

    He didn't play tennis last Tuesday.

    We saw him yesterday.

    Did we see him yesterday?

    We didn't see him yesterday.

    : When did he come home yesterday? ( +did++ + ).

    : Who came home yesterday? ( )

    4.Form the past simple of the regular verbs. Read them aloud.

    . .

    : To play played

    To dance -

    To carry -

    To help -

    To live -

    To open -

    To rent -

    To move -

    To listen -

    To use -

    To relax -

    To cook -

    To paint -

    To type -

    To wait -

    To prepare -

    To organize -

    To add -

    To work -

    To watch -

    To improve


    5.Change the sentences in the Present Simple Tense into the Past Simple Tense. Use the following adverbs.

    . :

    Yesterday, last year, last month, a week ago, in 2004, last Friday, three years ago, last night.

    :

    She goes to the nursery every day. She went to the nursery on Monday.

    1.The boss usually signs the documents.

    2.We always prepare a present for him.

    3.He lives in a beautiful castle.

    4.He often adds much salt to the soup.

    5.They listen to rock music every night.

    6.The audience always helps him.

    7.We usually discuss our flight with our friend.

    8.She often visits this monastery.

    6.Complete the sentences with one of these verbs. Use them in the Past simple Tense.

    , .

    Take, see, come, have, go, build, begin, read, do, be.

    1.Last year we .................. a new house.

    2.She .................. the Queen of this country in the last century.

    3.They .................. to speak English well when they were 17.

    4.My mother .................. forks and knives from the drawer 5 minutes ago.

    5.I .................. three visitors in the audience room on Monday.

    6.On holidays he .................. caravanning.

    7.I .................. a comfortable journey to Spain last year.

    8.The children .................. their homework last night.

    9.I .................. a wonderful book about the last century last week.

    10.Last weekend I .................. to the studio and saw my friend there.

    7.Make up interrogative and negative sentences. Give their translation.

    . .

    :

    The professor went water-skiing on Monday.

    Did the professor go water-skiing on Monday?

    The professor didnt go water-skiing on Monday.

    He read much about the history of this country.

    ....................................................................................

    ....................................................................................

    The king lived in a wonderful castle.

    ....................................................................................

    ....................................................................................

    I saw his new studio yesterday.

    ....................................................................................

    ....................................................................................

    The visitors discussed their problems there.

    ....................................................................................

    ....................................................................................

    They built a new bath in their house.

    ....................................................................................

    ....................................................................................

    The weather was cold and wet yesterday.

    ....................................................................................

    ....................................................................................

    8.Find a mistake in each of the sentences.

    .

    1.Why were you be tired after the flight?

    2.Many visitors comed to the castle last year.

    3.He prepareed a wonderful present for me last month.

    4.Where lived they last year?

    5.Who did organize that journey?

    6.I went caravanning and see natural environment.

    7.I didn't improved my Spanish when I went to Spain.

    READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE

    1.Answer the questions.

    .

    1.Where did you travel last summer?

    2.Did you like the place and why?

    3.Were you tired after the journey?

    4.What interesting places did you visit?

    5.Did you stay in a hotel/in a sanatorium/in a rest house?

    6.Did you take your children with you there?

    7.Were there a lot of visitors at this place?

    8.Was there anything bad about the journey?

    9.Was the weather hot or cold and wet?

    10.Was your flight home comfortable?

    2.Now write and speak about these people.

    .

    Alec

    Went to Turkey

    Comfortable flight

    Lived in a five-star hotel

    Saw a lot of interesting people

    Hot weather

    Prepared a lot of presents

    Sidney

    Visited France

    Improved her French

    Saw many sights

    Stayed at her friends house

    Cold and wet weather

    Expensive presents

    Example: On holidays Alec went to Turkey

    ..............................................................................

    ..............................................................................

    ..............................................................................

    Sidney ..................................................................

    ..............................................................................

    3.Read the dialogue and try to learn it.

    .

    Sandra: Rita! Hello! How was your journey?

    Rita: It was great! Everything was wonderful.

    Sandra: Where did you go?

    Rita: I went to France. We, my friend and I stayed near Bordeaux.

    Sandra: How was the weather?

    Rita: Well, one day was terrible, it was cold and wet. We did nothing just read magazines and watched TV. But the other days were hot.

    Sandra: How was your hotel?

    Rita: We didnt stay in a hotel. We were in a caravan. Its all right. It was very cheap. But we didnt cook. We went to cafs and had dinner there.

    Sandra: Really? Very nice. Did you see any sights?

    Rita: Yes, a few. There was so much to see, but we had little time.

    Sandra: Oh, I see. Did you improve your French?

    Rita: I did! I talked to many young people at the discos and in the cafs.

    Sandra: Great!

    Rita: I prepared a present for you there.

    Sandra: For me?

    Rita: Yes, its a disc about French castles. I know that you are interested in history, arent you?

    Sandra: Oh, thank you.

    Rita: Not at all.

    4.Think of the questions to the following answers.

    .

    Yes, it was great.

    No, I didnt.

    It was near the sea.

    No, we werent.

    Nothing.

    Very few.

    In Thailand.

    There were some.

    Yes, she was very tired.

    The Royal Castle.

    5.Make up a story about your holiday. Use all the words given.

    . .

    Flight, went, saw, awful, stayed, journey, people, was, comfortable, nothing, few, were, came, took, century, tired, weather, got, improved, ordered, history.

    Prepare five questions that could be asked about your story.

    , .

    6.Read this text.

    .

    Leeds Castle

    Pat Carr is a tour guide. She takes tourists round the Leeds Castle and shows them what is there.

    Leeds Castle was built in the ninth century. It was the home of many kings and queens from Edward the First until Henry the Eighth.

    This was Queen Catherines bathroom. As you can see, the bath was very simple. There was nothing special, just a few things. And this was Queen Catherines room. It looked the same in 1430. It was her bedroom. It was also her dining room. Perhaps there was a table here. It was also an audience or reception room, a room where people came to see her.

    This was King Henry the Eighths dining room. There was a long table here. And these chairs were here in King Henrys time. The table was from a French monastery. The drawers were for knives and forks.

    She thinks that the history of Leeds Castle is very interesting. Many people lived here. They loved it they all added something to it in their own century.

    Are the sentences true or false?

    ?

    1.Pat Carr shows Leeds Castle to its visitors.

    2.Leeds Castle was built eleven centuries ago.

    3.Only kings lived there in the castle.

    4.Now you can see nothing in the castle.

    5.In King Henry's room there was a table and some chairs.

    6.Leeds Castle has a long and interesting history.

    Lesson 9. When we were young


    LEAD-IN

    1.Answer the questions about yourself.

    .

    1.Where do you live now? Where did you live twenty years ago?

    2.Where did you go to school?

    3.Did you do any sport when you were young?

    4.What were your hobbies when you were young?

    5.What was your fathers job?

    6.Which sights did you visit when you were young?

    7.Was life difficult when you were young?

    8.Did you have a lot of friends?

    9.Which institute did you go to?

    10.What kind of books did you like reading?

    2.Say what you did when you were fifteen, and what-not.

    , , , .

    To study history, to smoke a little, to organize parties, to have various hobbies, to go to the swimming pool, to go to football matches, to be tired after school, to go water-skiing, to listen to awful music, to paint on the walls, to do athletics, to ride (rode) a bicycle, to do photography, to play hockey, to contact with different people, to enjoy life.

    3.Make up correct sentences.

    .

    1.did/we/a/house/furnished/not/rent.

    .....................................................................................

    2.visited/castle/an/father/old/their/year/last.

    ......................................................................................

    3.anything/was/in/magazine/there/interesting/this?

    ......................................................................................

    4.building/they/enjoy/a/cottage/did/new/not.

    .....................................................................................

    5.that/the/organized/department/yesterday/clients/meeting/a/in.

    .....................................................................................

    6.few/audience/there/guests/in/room/were/the.

    .......................................................................................

    7.they/why/prepare/post/immediately/did/the?

    .....................................................................................

    8.any/into/tea/add/not/she/did/the/milk.

    ......................................................................................

    4.Say what you remember about your childhood: where you lived, what you liked, what games you played, where you were on holiday, etc. Use the verbs given.

    , : , . .

    Played, lived, stayed, studied, prepared, liked, went, saw, visited, enjoyed, got, had, used, improved, relaxed, moved, helped, came, read, took, did, began.

    FOCUS ON VOCABULARY

    Nouns

    1.baby ,

    2.date

    Date of birth

    Out of date

    Up to date

    3.news ( ..)

    What is the news? ?

    4.twins

    5.congratulations

    6.diploma

    Diploma in architecture

    7.age

    8.choice

    9.electricity

    10.farm

    11.grade ( )

    12.part

    13.subject

    14.oven

    15.selection

    16.waiter

    17.gravy

    18.mussel

    19.mother-in-law ,

    20.roast

    21.herbs

    22.meal

    23.nut

    24.pepper

    25.sauce

    25.peas

    26.menu

    27.bill

    28.mushroom

    29.oil

    30.dessert

    Adjectives

    1.tasty

    2.spicy ,

    3.delicious ,

    4.hungry

    5.thirsty

    6.fresh

    7.dry

    8.flat

    9.mixed

    10.rare

    11.plain

    12.square

    13.rewarding

    Verbs

    1.to tell smb. -

    2.to develop ()

    3.to bring

    4.to marinate

    5.to order ,

    6.to pass

    7.to serve

    8.to ask

    Adverbs

    1.enough

    2.exactly

    3.extremely

    Word Combinations

    1.to be born

    I was born in 1974. 1974.

    2.the same ,

    3.business management

    4.primary school

    5.secondary school

    6.tea boy

    7.application form

    8.something/anything else -

    2.Fill in the missing letters.

    .

    Ap...l...cation form, d...ss...rt, m...shro...m, pl...in, ro...st, to s...rve, to m...rina...e, muss...ls, s...lect...on, to d...vel...p, s...u...e, h...rbs, ...ven, pr...m...ry sc...ool, con...rat...lations, el...ctric...ty, se...ond...ry s...hool, e...trem...ly, s...b...ect, a...e, re...a...ding, s...ua...e, men..., me...l, to o...der.

    3.Make word combinations.

    .

    4.Give explanation. What do these words and word combinations mean?

    .

    Example: primary school

    It is a special place where very little children go to study.

    1.rewarding job

    ................................................................................................................

    2.application form

    ................................................................................................................

    3.thirsty

    ................................................................................................................

    4.mother-in-law

    ................................................................................................................

    5.waiter

    ................................................................................................................

    6.menu

    ................................................................................................................

    7.delicious food

    ................................................................................................................

    8.farm

    ................................................................................................................

    5.Translate into English.

    .

    1. .

    2. .

    3. ?

    4. , .

    5. . .

    6. (some) ?

    7. , .

    Language focus 1

    Ordinal Numbers

    One-the first

    Two-the second

    Three-the third

    Four-the fourth

    Five-the fifth

    Six-the sixth

    Seven-the seventh

    Eight-the eighth

    Nine-the ninth

    Ten-the tenth

    Eleven-the eleventh

    Twelve-the twelfth

    , , . th. .

    6.Complete the sentences.

    .

    It was my twelfth.......................................................................................

    It was the first time I....................................................................................

    In the sixth letter I.......................................................................................

    My second visit was.....................................................................................

    The fourth lesson was...................................................................................

    The fifth street...........................................................................................

    This is the third..........................................................................................

    7.Make up sentences with the words given.

    , .

    Example: the first, thirsty

    I was very thirsty and went to the first bar in that street.

    1.the second, gravy

    .............................................................................................

    2.the tenth, to bring

    ..............................................................................................

    3.the third, subject

    ..............................................................................................

    4.the eleventh, to develop

    ..............................................................................................

    5.the fourth, month

    .............................................................................................

    6.the seventh, application form

    .............................................................................................

    7.the first, rewarding

    .............................................................................................

    8.the fifth, to pass

    .............................................................................................

    9.the ninth, delicious

    .............................................................................................

    10.the twenty-third, dry

    .............................................................................................

    Language focus 2

    Prepositions

    8.Make up 10 sentences about your life. Take the information from the table.

    10 . , .

    Example: Last winter I was in Canada where I went skiing.

    9.Match the questions and the answers.

    .

    FOCUS ON GRAMMAR

    Language focus 1

    The Past Simple (Indefinite) Tense (more practice)

    ( )

    1.Put these sentences into the Present Continuous and Past Simple Tenses.

    .

    Example: He prepares application forms every day.

    He is preparing an application form now.

    He prepared an application form last month.

    2.Ask General and Special Questions.

    .

    1.We had electricity and central heating on the farm.

    ..........................................................................................?

    What....................................................................................?

    2.The waiter served us very well in that restaurant.

    ...........................................................................................?

    Where....................................................................................?

    3.He got a diploma in architecture last month.

    ............................................................................................?

    What diploma...........................................................................?

    4.Her choice was extremely rewarding.

    .............................................................................................?

    Whose choice............................................................................?

    5.The twins came to their parents without any news.

    .............................................................................................?

    Why.......................................................................................?

    6.They studied this subject at the age of ten.

    ..............................................................................................?

    At what age...............................................................................?

    7.They ordered a lot of delicious food.

    ..............................................................................................?

    What.......................................................................................?

    3.Write a short story in the Past. Use the words given.

    , .

    A. born, date, month, primary school, grandmother, parents, develop, get, extremely rewarding, subjects.

    ..................................................................................................................

    B. application form, interview for a job, choice, extremely difficult, diploma, news, congratulations.

    ..................................................................................................................

    C. restaurant, waiter, order, gravy, roast, enough, hungry, plain water, enjoy, delicious meal.

    ..................................................................................................................

    4.Study some more Irregular Verbs.

    .

    To break-broke

    To buy-bought

    To bring-brought [bro: t]

    To drink-drank

    To drive-drove

    To eat-ate

    To give-gave

    To leave-left

    To make-made

    To meet-met

    To put-put

    To say-said [sed]

    To sell-sold

    To send-sent

    To speak-spoke

    To teach-taught [to: t]

    To tell-told

    To think-thought

    To understand-understood

    To write-wrote

    Put these stories into Past.

    .

    A. I always go to the same restaurant at the weekend. I drive my car there. I always leave my car at the entrance. The porter says Good evening to me. I take the table at the window. They always serve fresh tasty food there. I drink red wine and eat roast and marinated vegetables. For dessert they bring cakes and then ice-cream. Nothing special but...this is just what I want.

    ......................................................................................................

    ......................................................................................................

    ......................................................................................................

    ......................................................................................................

    B. My mother is a primary school teacher and I understand her choice very well. She meets new people all the time. And she makes them feel happy. She teaches very small children. It is difficult but extremely rewarding. She thinks very much about her job. In the evening she tells us a lot about her little students. Sometimes she speaks to the kids parents or sends notes to them.

    ......................................................................................................

    ......................................................................................................

    ......................................................................................................

    ......................................................................................................

    Language focus 2

    The Degrees of Comparison of Adjectives

    , : , .

    ,

    :

    ( r y) er est ( the).

    Cheap cheaper t he cheapest

    Happy happier the happiest

    :

    ( ): big bigger the biggest.

    e : nice nicer the nicest.

    , , , more the most.

    Expensive more expensive the most expensive

    Useful more useful the most useful

    , :

    Good better the best

    Bad worse the worst

    5.Form the degrees of comparison of adjectives.

    .

    Strange -

    Interesting -

    Simple-

    Bad -

    Fresh -

    Smal l-

    Cold -

    Comfortable -

    Tired -

    Wet -

    Hot -

    Beautiful -

    Healthy -

    Important -

    Long -

    6.Make up your own sentences with the adjectives.

    : longer

    This way is longer than that one.

    the longest

    That way is the longest (of all three).

    more comfortable

    ..............................................................................................................

    easier

    ..............................................................................................................

    more relaxing

    ..............................................................................................................

    the biggest

    .............................................................................................................

    the most expensive

    ..............................................................................................................

    the worst

    ..............................................................................................................

    the most stressful

    .............................................................................................................

    nicer

    .............................................................................................................

    better

    ............................................................................................................

    7.Translate into Russian. Pay special attention to the articles.

    . .

    A better teacher, the best teacher, a more expensive area, more important post, the most interesting meeting, a worse soccer match, the worst food, better food, a better holiday, the most comfortable flight, the oldest castle, a hotter day, a more interesting subject, more interesting subjects, the worst choice, a bigger part, the most important year.

    8.Translate into English.

    .

    1. .

    .............................................................................................................

    2. .

    .............................................................................................................

    3. .

    .............................................................................................................

    4. .

    .............................................................................................................

    5. .

    .............................................................................................................

    6. , (mine).

    .............................................................................................................

    7. , .

    .............................................................................................................

    READING AND SPEAKING PRACTICE

    1.Answer the questions.

    .

    1.When did you start work?

    2.When did you leave school?

    3.What did you do after school?

    4.What diploma did you get?

    5.How did you get your job?

    6.What did you write on your application form?

    7.What did you tell your boss at the job interview?

    8.Was your first job rewarding?

    9.Which job was the most interesting?

    10.Is your present job better than the jobs you did before?

    2.Read the story. Close your eyes. Say what you remember. Ask five questions about the life of Mr. Brown.

    . , . .

    Mr. Brown had an interview for a job a week ago. He wanted to get the job very much but there was a big problem. Mr. Brown didnt have enough practice. And what he wrote on his application form was not true. He was born in 1965, but he wrote 1968. He left school when he was sixteen, not eighteen. He worked as a tea-boy. He went to college in 1985. He got a diploma in business management. He didnt go to University. It was his second job, not the third. He didnt give good answers to the managers questions and didnt get the job.

    Your questions:

    ...............................................................................

    ...............................................................................

    ...............................................................................

    ...............................................................................

    ...............................................................................

    3.Make up dialogues using the following words and phrases.

    , .

    A. Good morning, an application form, speak about yourself in your own words, study in England, get a diploma in marketing, see you later.

    B. be born, on a farm, primary school, look like a big square house, no electricity, grades, teach a lot of subjects, have no choice, rewarding.

    4.Read and try to learn the dialogue.

    .

    Tom Hall: Good morning. Please sit down. Now I have your application form here. But tell me about yourself in your own words.

    Rachel: Right. I was born in Manchester on the fifth of October, 1975. When I was twelve, my parents went to Africa.

    Tom Hall: To Africa? Did you go with your parents?

    Rachel: No, I stayed in England. I lived with my grandmother. But on holidays I went to Africa.

    Tom Hall: Very nice. Where did you go to school?

    Rachel: In Manchester. I went to the local primary school. Then, when I was twelve, I went to Claremont, the local secondary school.

    Tom Hall: But you didnt stay there, did you?

    Rachel: No, I left when I was sixteen.

    Tom Hall: Can I ask why?

    Rachel: Yes, of course. I went to another school. Because Claremont didnt teach Business Studies.

    Tom Hall: Ah! And then?

    Rachel: I went to college.

    Tom Hall: And did you get a diploma in Marketing?

    Rachel: Thats it.

    Tom Hall: Thats nice.

    5.Read the menu of an Indian restaurant. Then make some dialogues between the waiter and the customers.

    . .

    Example:

    Waiter: Good evening, sir. This is our menu, please.

    Customer: Thank you. ...Id like to order now. Could I have some Chicken Shakuti?

    Waiter: Yes, please. Would you like some vegetables?

    Customer: Yes, I think. What is Bombay Aloo?

    Waiter: Its potato with hot spices.

    Customer: It sounds good.

    Waiter: Anything else?

    Customer: A little plain water, please.

    Waiter: Of course, sir. Here is your bill, sir.

    Customer: Thank you.

    6.Read the dialogue. Fill in the missing words.

    . .

    Portions, pass, tomatoes, enough, order, meal, delicious, vegetable

    Julia: Is this your first meal at the Indian restaurant?

    John: Yes. Could you help me? Whats this? Lamb Rogan Gosht.

    Julia: Lamb with..............and yoghurt. Excuse me. We would like to................now, please.

    Waiter: Yes, madam.

    Julia: Wed like Chicken Shakuti and Lamb Rogan Gosht.

    John: And a....................... curry.

    Waiter: Yes, sir.

    Julia: Oh, yes. Wed like two.................of rice.

    Waiter: Anything else?

    John: Yes, please. Could you bring us some Indian bread?

    Waiter: Yes, sir. Just a moment. ...Enjoy your meal!

    Julia: Do you like it?

    John: I like this lamb. Its................... But the chicken...Phew! Sorry. No. I dont like it.

    Julia: Oh. Would you like some more lamb, then?

    John: No, thanks. This is.............. Could you..................the bread, please? ...Thank you.

    Waiter: How was your......................, madam?

    Julia: Very good.

    Waiter: Sir?

    John: Great! My first Indian meal. But not my last.

    7.Read this text.

    .

    A Retired Teacher

    Billie worked as a school teacher for thirty-four years in the United States. She is now a retired teacher. Billie tells us about her personal life and the life of the people at the beginning of the twentieth century.

    She was born on a farm near Millville, Minnesota, in 1916. They had no electricity on the farm. She went to school in Millville. The school looked like a big, square house. And there were four grades. The smaller people were downstairs those who were six, seven, eight and nine years old. These were all ages in the same room. One teacher taught all the subjects to these four grades.

    When Billie was small a woman became a nurse, a secretary or a teacher or got married. The teacher was her choice. Women didnt have many choices when she was small.

    She started teaching in Millville, in the same school. She started teaching again the six-, seven-, eight and nine-year-olds.

    She enjoyed teaching very much. It was rewarding, extremely rewarding because she saw how the children developed.

    Are the sentences true or false?

    ?

    1.Billie was born in the twenty-first century.

    2.Billie left the farm to study in school.

    3.The small children studied together.

    4.Billie was first a secretary and then a teacher.

    5.She started teaching in her own school.

    6.She liked teaching because she got a lot of money.

    Lesson 10. Directions


    LEAD-IN

    1.Answer the questions about yourself.

    .

    1.How do you get to your office?

    2.Where do you keep your car?

    3.Is your town attractive for tourists?

    4.What sights can tourists see in your town?

    5.Are you fond of traveling?

    6.Where are the shopping centers in your town?

    7.Where can tourists stay?

    8.Do you know the way to the hospital?

    9.Which is the shortest way to the market?

    10.Is it easy to use a car in your town?

    2.Make up some true sentences about your town. Use the adjectives given.

    . .

    Bigger, more interesting, very useful, the most expensive, more attractive, worse, easier, the best, the most delicious, the smallest, older, more beautiful, comfortable, more modern.

    Example: The supermarket in Pushkin Street is bigger than the one in Gorky Street.

    3.Complete the story. Use all the verbs given in their past forms.

    . to buy, to see, to speak, to come, to eat, to take, to meet, to get, to think, to tell, to sell .

    A Tourist in London

    It was her first visit to London. She read so much about this city. She learnt to speak the language of the people who lived there. But what she saw with her own eyes was really great!

    Anita left Victoria Station and went to the city centre, the so-called Square Mile...

    4.Ask Special Questions.

    .

    1.She left the secondary school when she was sixteen.

    2.We are studying this subject at the moment.

    3.Her choice was extremely rewarding.

    4.He got a diploma in business management.

    5.He serves his clients very well.

    6.They ordered roast meat in the restaurant.

    FOCUS ON VOCABULARY

    Nouns

    1.pub ,

    2.museum

    3.souvenir ,

    4.accommodation ,

    5.atmosphere ,

    6.cost ,

    7.leaflet

    8.officer ,

    9.timetable ,

    10.visit ,

    11.size

    12.appointment ,

    13.future

    Future plans

    14.tomorrow

    15.message

    16.pardon

    Adjectives

    1.international

    2.busy

    3.so-so ,

    4.effective

    5.enjoyable ,

    6.full (-)

    Full of water

    7.hectic ,

    8.impossible

    9.possible

    10.fast-paced

    Fast paced life

    11.attractive

    12.double

    13.peaceful ,

    14.spoilt

    15.unspoilt

    Verbs

    1.show

    2.follow (, )

    Follow me

    3.turn ,

    Turn right/left /

    4.forget (forgot)

    5.ski

    6.call ,

    7.confirm ,

    8.plan

    Adverbs

    1.again

    2.completely

    3.below

    4.indeed

    5.mainly

    6.nowadays

    7.probably

    Word Combinations

    1.petrol station

    2.traffic light

    3.railway bridge

    4.you cant miss it

    5.business estate -

    6.guest house

    7.in fact ,

    8.make sure

    9.Im afraid that... , ...

    10.tomorrow evening

    11.go over ,

    12.work out ,

    1.Match the word with the translation.

    .

    2.Make word combinations.

    .

    3.Make up sentences using the words. Ask a question to it with the word given below.

    , . , .

    Example: message, effective

    full

    Your message was not effective. Was the message effective or full of strange information?

    1.to forget, visit

    museum

    2.to plan, cost

    mainly

    3.officer, to turn

    accommodation

    4.traffic light, attractive

    to show

    5.hectic, busy

    tomorrow

    6.to miss, to ski

    atmosphere

    7.cost, to confirm

    leaflet

    8.possible, to go over

    to call

    4.Translate into English.

    .

    1. .

    2. ?

    3. .

    4. .

    5. .

    6. , , .

    7. . , .

    Language focus 1

    Making Appointments

    5.Complete the dialogues.

    .

    1.

    Julia: ...

    Secretary: I'm afraid she is in a meeting ...

    Julia: No, thank you. I think I can call back later.

    2.

    James:

    Secretary: Next Monday ... Im sorry, but she is busy.

    James: ...

    Secretary: Tuesday afternoon is OK.

    3.

    Julia: Good morning. Could I speak to Mr. Brown, please?

    Secretary: ...

    Julia: It's Julia Marsh.

    Secretary: Yes, thank you. ....

    Julia: How about next Thursday?

    Secretary: ...

    Julia: Next Thursday.

    Secretary: Oh, yes. Next Thursday is fine.

    4.

    Julia: ...

    James: Great idea! What time?

    Julia: At six. And after that would you like to have lunch together?

    James: ...

    6.Complete the sentences.

    .

    Could I ........................ to Mr. Smith?

    Id like to ........................ an appointment.

    Im........................ you cant see him.

    Could I leave a ..............................?

    Who is .................................?

    ..................... meet near the cinema.

    Great ..................!

    Can you..................... me his telephone number?

    Can he..................... me this afternoon?

    Can you say your name ....................., please?

    7.Make up your own dialogues.

    .

    A. You want to make an appointment to see your doctor.

    B. You want to meet your boss to discuss the new costs.

    C. You would like to meet your friend after work.

    Language focus 2

    Asking and giving directions

    Asking for directions

    Giving directions

    8.Match the questions and the answers.

    .

    A. How do I get to the hospital?

    B. Could you tell me the way to the town centre?

    C. Is there a park near here?

    1.Go straight ahead at the crossroads.

    2.Turn right at the crossroads.

    3.Turn left at the crossroads.

    9.Complete the dialogue.

    .

    A: Could ..................... the souvenir shop in Ford Street, please?

    B: Yes, take ................ Ford Street is ............. The souvenir shop is ...................

    A: Excuse me, how ............. North Street is .................. The school is about a hundred metres ............

    10.Give directions about your town.

    , .

    A: Excuse me, how do I get to the police station?

    B: Could you tell me the way to the nearest supermarket?

    C: Is there a park near here?

    D: Is this the way to the railway station?

    E: How do I get to the book shop?

    FOCUS ON GRAMMAR

    Language focus 1

    Questions with there is/there are (more practice)

    . there is/there are ()

    1.Match the sentences and their translations.

    .

    2.Complete the sentences.

    .

    What is there...........................................................................?

    Is there..........................................................................................?

    There are some good.........................................................?

    There arent any..................................................................?

    Is there any shop...............................................................?

    What is there next to...................................................?

    Are there.......................................................................................?

    There is a....................................................................................?

    3.Put these sentences into the Past.

    .

    Example: There is a museum next to the park.

    There was a museum next to the park.

    1.Is there a cafe next to the cinema?

    2.Are there good restaurants in the town centre?

    3.There isn't any accommodation for tourists here.

    4.What is there next to the traffic lights?

    5.There are shops round the corner.

    6.Are very any swimming pools in your town?

    7.There are signs there.

    8.Who is there next to your friend?

    9.There is nobody at the tourist information office.

    Language focus 2

    The Future Simple (Indefinite) Tense

    ()

    ,

    tomorrow ,

    tomorrow morning ,

    next week ,

    next year ,

    next month ,

    in a month ,

    the day after tomorrow ,

    tonight ..

    will shall . Shall (I), will . shall , will. 'll.

    I shall/will show you the way.

    He will take me to the zoo tomorrow.

    She will buy a leaflet for you.

    They will build a new railway bridge next year.

    Hell stay here tomorrow.

    :

    Shall/Will I turn left at the crossroads?

    I shant (shall not)/wont (will not) forget about it.

    We wont go over this plan tomorrow.

    Will she meet you at the international conference?

    We wont confirm your plan.

    When will you discuss the possible problems?

    Who will come to you tomorrow?

    She wont be there next weekend.

    4.Put the sentences into the Future Simple Tense.

    .

    My friend calls me every evening.

    Do they work out a new plan every day?

    Where does he always buy these souvenirs?

    I don't go past the traffic lights.

    Who follows them every weekend?

    She doesn't work at the business estate.

    Probably, she is an officer.

    I look for new accommodation in the city centre.

    This shopping centre is very attractive for tourists.

    Those exercises are very easy for me.

    5.Ask Questions. Give negative answers.

    . .

    6.Make up your own sentences with adverbs of time and the verbs given.

    .

    : yesterday, to show

    Yesterday she showed me the way to the market.

    tomorrow, to serve

    next year, to visit

    now, to build

    three days ago, to use

    last month, to tell

    tonight, to study

    every day, to order

    in 1997, to develop

    tomorrow morning, to give

    7.Translate into English.

    .

    1. .

    2. ?

    3. ?

    4. .

    5. .

    6. .

    7. .

    READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE

    1.Answer the questions.

    .

    1.You like to see new places, don't you?

    2.Where will you go next summer?

    3.What souvenirs will you buy for your friends?

    4.Who will show you the sights?

    5.How will you use the map of the place?

    6.What accommodation will you prefer?

    7.What will make your trip more enjoyable?

    8.Will you go to the same place again in a year?

    9.What are your plans for the next week?

    10.What appointments do you have for the next week?

    2.Make up stories using the words.

    .

    A. atmosphere, leaflet, nowadays, timetable, visit, unspoilt, mainly, in fact, cost, guest house, size.

    B. peaceful, accommodation, souvenir, attractive, indeed, on the right-hand side, museum, map.

    C. tomorrow, appointment, effective, confirm, next week, go over, full of, call, message, hectic, Im afraid.

    D. so-so, forget, international, make sure, officer, follow, probably, opposite, show, traffic light.

    3.Make up sentences in different tenses using the verbs.

    , .

    The Present Simple/Indefinite Tense (usually, always, seldom, never, every day, every weekend, often)

    discusses, doesnt call, dont go over, show, uses, dont serve

    The Past simple/Indefinite Tense (yesterday, last week, three days ago, in 1986)

    brought, understood, saw, didnt order, didnt come, gave, didnt paint

    The Future Simple/Indefinite Tense (tomorrow, next year, in the future, in a week)

    will move, wont rent, will cook, shall watch, shant write, wont ride

    The Present Continuous/Progressive Tense (now, at the moment)

    am swimming, is waiting, are driving, isnt studying, arent preparing, am not building

    4.Answer the questions. Pay attention to the use of different tenses.

    . .

    5.Read the dialogue. Close your eyes. Say what you remember.

    . , .

    A.

    Patient: Can I speak to Doctor Watson, please?

    Receptionist: Im afraid you cant, sir. Hes with a patient. Would you like to make an appointment?

    Patient: How about this afternoon?

    Receptionist: Im sorry. The doctor will play golf this afternoon.

    Patient: Pardon? Could you say that again?

    Receptionist: The doctor will play golf this afternoon.

    Patient: Well, can I see him tomorrow?

    Receptionist: Im afraid you cant, sir. Hell be at the hospital tomorrow?

    Patient: How about next week?

    Receptionist: Next week the doctor will be at the international meeting.

    Patient: Next month?

    Receptionist: Doctor Watson will be on holiday next month. In Australia. For six weeks. So you can see the doctor at two oclock in the afternoon on the seventeenth of May ...Next year. Is that all right, sir?

    6.Read this text.

    .

    Elizabeth Moodie, a Tourist Information Officer

    Elizabeth Moodie works as a tourist information officer. She works in Marlow, a small town on the river Thames not far from London.

    Mainly she is here to help people. They always want something and its her job to make sure that they get it.

    Elizabeth helps some tourists.

    Tourist 1: Are there any restaurants in Marlow where I can take my two children?

    Elizabeth: In fact there are several. Turn right into Pound Street let me show you. You are here. Go along Pound Street to these double roundabouts. Turn left to High Street and there are several restaurants and cafes on the left-hand side.

    Tourist 2: I have an appointment at the Globe Park Business Estate. Could you tell me the way there?

    Elizabeth: Right. You leave this car park and turn right. Let me show you on the map it is probably easier. Follow that road. You will come to a large roundabout. Turn right again and the Globe Park will be on the right-hand side.

    Tourist 3: Good afternoon. Im looking for accommodation in the area.

    Elizabeth: Yes, I see. Do you want a hotel or a guest house?

    Tourist 3: A hotel would be fine.

    Elizabeth: This leaflet will give you the information about the hotels in Marlow.

    The river makes Marlow attractive to visitors. And the town is unspoilt. It has a very happy atmosphere and its peaceful, and I think that its important nowadays.

    Are the sentences true or false?

    ?

    1.Elizabeth is a tourist in Marlow.

    2.Elizabeth works in a small town.

    3.She shows the tourist the way to some restaurants.

    4.Tourist 2 has an appointment and doesnt know the way to the place.

    5.The Globe Park is on the right.

    6.Elizabeth thinks that Marlow has a spoilt atmosphere.

    Elementary, My Dear Watson

    one lovely evening, the detective Sherlock Holmes and his trusty friend Dr. Watson went on a camping trip. After having dinner and drinking a few glasses of wine, they became tired and went to sleep. A couple hours passed and Sherlock Holmes awoke, and shortly thereafter woke Dr. Watson as well. He said, Watson, look up, and tell me what you see.

    Dr. Watson replied, Well, sir, I see millions of stars in the sky.

    Sherlock Holmes asked, And what does that tell you?

    Dr. Watson paused for a moment and said, Well, astronomically it tells me that there are billions of stars and possibly millions of galaxies in the universe. Astrologically, it tells me that Saturn is in Leo. Horalogically I can deduce that it is approximately quarter past three in the morning. Theologically it symbolizes that God is magnificent and that we humans are small and insignificant in the universe. And meteorologically, I suspect that we will have a beautiful day tomorrow.

    To which Sherlock Holmes replied, No, stupid! Someone has stolen our tent!

    Restless God

    in the beginning, god created Earth and rested.

    Then God created man and rested.

    Then God created woman.

    Since then, neither God nor man has rested.

    A Driving Debacle

    a guy was driving when a policeman pulled him over. He rolled down his window and said to the officer, Is there a problem, Officer?

    No problem at all. I just observed your safe driving and am pleased to award you a $5,000 Safe Driver Award. Congratulations. What do you think you're going to do with the money?

    He thought for a minute and said, Well, I guess I'll go get that drivers' license.

    The lady sitting in the passenger seat said to the policeman, Oh, don't pay attention to him he's a smart ass when he's drunk and stoned.

    The guy from the back seat said, I TOLD you guys we wouldn't get far in a stolen car!

    At that moment, there was a knock from the trunk and a muffled voice said, Are we over the border yet?

    An O'Malley Coincidence

    a man stumbles up to the only other patron in a bar and asks if he could buy him a drink.

    Why, of course, comes the reply.

    The first man then asks, Where are you from?

    I'm from Ireland, replies the second man.

    The first man responds, You don't say, I'm from Ireland too! Let's have another round to Ireland.

    Of course, says the second.

    Curious, the first asks, Where in Ireland?

    Dublin, comes the reply.

    I can't believe it, me too! Lets have another round of drinks to Dublin.

    Of course.

    The second man can't help himself so he asks, What school did you go to?

    Saint Mary's, replies the first man. I graduated in 62.

    This is becoming unbelievable!!! the second man said.

    About that time, in comes one of the regulars and sits down at the bar. What's up? he asks the bartender.

    Nothing much, replied the bartender. The O'Malley twins are drunk again!

    Tongue Twisters

    i scream, you scream, we all scream for icecream!

    If Stu chews shoes, should Stu choose the shoes he chews?

    World Wide Web

    There was a fisherman named Fisher
    who fished for some fish in a fissure.
    Till a fish with a grin,
    pulled the fisherman in.
    Now they're fishing the fissure for Fisher.
    Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.
    A peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked.
    If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers,
    Where's the peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked?

    Six slimy snails sailed silently.

    A big black bug bit a big black dog on his big black nose!

    Elizabeth 's birthday is on the third Thursday of this month.

    How many cookies could a good cook cook If a good cook could cook cookies? A good cook could cook as much

    cookies as a good cook who could cook cookies.

    She saw Sherif's shoes on the sofa. But was she so sure she saw Sherif's shoes on the sofa?

    Gobbling gorgoyles gobbled gobbling goblins.

    Four furious friends fought for the phone.

    Learn the real language: Mood

    I'm really buzzing! .

    I'm having a really peachy time! .

    I'm walking on air! !

    I'm on cloud nine! !

    I'm totally over the moon. !

    Everything's cool. ()!

    I haven't got a care in the world ( ).

    I've had the week from hell. .

    nightmare of a week

    I couldn't care less. ().

    He's been really edgy / on edge / snapping at everyone. ( ).

    She threw a wobbly. .

    I had a complete fit. .

    She blew her top. .

    Oh, Daniel makes my blood boil. .

    They've been at each other's throats all morning. .

    There's a bad vibe round here. () .

    The fur's been flying. ().

    Milo getting offered that job has really ruffled Jack's feathers / put Jack's nose out of joint / put Jack out , , . . .

    'Speak to the hand 'cos the face ain't listening! . !

    /

    We've kissed and made up. .

    They're back on speaking terms. .

    We've made it up. .

    Forget it It's water under the bridge. . ( ).

    Learn the real language: Work

    full-time job ,

    part-time job ,

    freelancer

    I am self-employed. .

    dotcom start up -

    job share , 1 ,

    to float the company / to go public

    Why don't you send in your CV with a covering letter? ( )?

    Look carefully at the job spec. .

    I've been shortlisted. .

    I'm down to the last three! !

    I'm doing work experience ().

    Fancy a coffee break? ?

    I'd love to but I'm totally snowed under at the moment! , .

    I'm working like a dog! !

    I'd better just press on. .

    I've done a lot of overtime. (, ).

    She claimed for unfair dismissal .

    to sack / fire / dismiss

    Molly was made redundant. .

    She's set up a new company with her golden handshake. , , .

    He's taking early retirement. .

    He was a millionaire by the time he was 20. Now he's burnt out. 20 . .

    I'm taking a career-break .

    Today I handed in my resignation. .

    Olympics

    the olympic games are believed to have begun more than 3,000 years ago, although written records only exist from 776 BC.

    The records show that these Games consisted of activities that were the skills of soldiers, like boxing, javelin and the Marathon. At just over twenty-six miles long, the Marathon is the longest running race in the Games and it is named after the site of a battle in ancient Greece. According to legend, a Greek messenger ran to Athens to bring news of the Greek victory and died of exhaustion just after giving his message.

    The ancient Olympic Games continued for nearly 1,200 years until the Roman emperor, Theodosius I, abolished the Games because of their pagan influences.

    Around 1,500 years later, in 1894, the Frenchman, Baron Pierre de Coubertin, helped to re-establish the Games. He also created the structure of the modern Olympic Movement.

    Nowadays the aim of the Olympic Movement is to promote peace, friendship and understanding between different nations through sport. And appropriately, the first modern Olympic Games were held in Greece in 1896.

    Just over 200 men, representing 14 countries, competed in a total of 43 events. Winners received a silver medal, a certificate and a crown of olive leaves. Runners-up were given bronze medals and a crown of laurel while those who finished third went home empty-handed.

    The Olympic Games are held every four years with one country being responsible for the organisation of the event. There is often fierce competition to be the host city. In 2004, Greece hosts the Games and in 2008 they will be held in Beijing in China.

    the site of a battle

    the place where a battle happened

    legend

    a legend is a very old story that may be based on facts

    exhaustion

    the state of being so tired that you have no energy left

    abolished

    stopped

    pagan influences

    if something has a pagan influence it is affected by beliefs that are not connected with any of the main religions of the world

    Movement

    A movement is a group of people who share the same ideas or opinions

    aim

    an aim is something that a person or group of people want to achieve

    through sport

    if you do something through another thing, you use that thing to achieve another. So here, the Olympic Movement is using sport to promote peace between nations

    runners-up

    here, the people who come second in a race or game. Usually a runner-up is a person or team who do not finish first but do win a prize

    a crown

    a circular ornament for the head, usually made of gold and jewels which Kings and Queens wear at official ceremonies

    went home empty-handed

    did not receive anything. This phrase is used here to show the difference between the early Games and the new Games where people who finish in third place receive a bronze medal

    Telephoning

    reason:

    You will often have telephone contact with a company before an interview. Some companies will even assess these phone calls as part of the selection process.

    Objective:

    To leave a positive impression, of someone who's capable and efficient.

    The basic problem

    Lots of research shows that the biggest impact in spoken-word communication is visual. Some researchers say it's as much as three-quarters of the total. Yet on the phone we don't have any of that. Our voice has to do all the work.

    If we want people at the other end to form a good impression of us, we need to give more thought to business phone calls than we do when we're just chatting to our friends.

    Your calling them

    There are two main possibilities.

    The job advert asks you to ring the company for an application form.

    Or, usually a little later in the process, you have to ring up and arrange a time for an interview.

    Either of these cases can be entirely straightforward just a matter of getting a small administrative task done. But depending on who you speak to, there could also be questions of a sort you wouldn't otherwise expect until you fill in the application form or go for an interview.

    These could be either factual what's your educational background? or human what interested you particularly about this job?

    It makes sense to be prepared before you make the call, just as you would before an interview.







     

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