• LESSON 1. At the weekend
  • LEAD-IN
  • FOCUS ON VOCABULARY
  • FOCUS ON GRAMMAR
  • READING AND SPEAKING PRACTICE
  • ASSIGNMENT 1 LESSON 1
  • LESSON 2. Doing new things
  • LEAD-IN
  • FOCUS ON VOCABULARY
  • FOCUS ON GRAMMAR
  • READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE
  • ASSIGNMENT 2 LESSON 2
  • LESSON 3. Planning a trip
  • LEAD-IN
  • FOCUS ON VOCABULARY
  • FOCUS ON GRAMMAR
  • READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE
  • ASSIGNMENT 3 LESSON 3
  • LESSON 4. Shopping for clothes
  • LEAD-IN
  • FOCUS ON VOCABULARY
  • FOCUS ON GRAMMAR
  • READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE
  • ASSIGNMENT 4 LESSON 4
  • LESSON 5. The rules of the road
  • LEAD-IN
  • FOCUS ON VOCABULARY
  • FOCUS ON GRAMMAR
  • READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE
  • ASSIGNMENT 5 LESSON 5
  • LESSON 6. How things work
  • LEAD-IN
  • FOCUS ON VOCABULARY
  • FOCUS ON GRAMMAR
  • READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE
  • ASSIGNMENT 6 LESSON 6
  • LESSON 7. Getting around town
  • LEAD-IN
  • FOCUS ON VOCABULARY
  • FOCUS ON GRAMMAR
  • READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE
  • ASSIGNMENT 7 LESSON 7
  • LESSON 8. You and your body
  • LEAD-IN
  • FOCUS ON VOCABULARY
  • FOCUS ON GRAMMAR
  • READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE
  • ASSIGNMENT 8 LESSON 8
  • LESSON 9. Things going wrong
  • LEAD-IN
  • FOCUS ON VOCABULARY
  • FOCUS ON GRAMMAR
  • READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE
  • LESSON 10. What will happen
  • LEAD-IN
  • FOCUS ON VOCABULARY
  • FOCUS ON GRAMMAR
  • READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE
  • ASSIGNMENT 10 LESSON 10
  • 2

    LESSON 1. At the weekend

    LEAD-IN

    1.Answer the questions about yourself.

    .

    1.What do you usually do at the weekend?

    2.Do you always work at weekdays?

    3.Which is your favourite day of the week? Why?

    4.When do you usually cook your meals?

    5.Do you like to go out at the weekend? Where to?

    6.What did you do last weekend?

    7.What would you like to do next weekend?

    8.Is the atmosphere peaceful in your town?

    9.Do you prefer staying with your friends or your family at the weekend?

    10.Which places are the most attractive in your town?

    2.Complete the sentences given.

    .

    1.At the weekend my wife prefers ...

    2.My children are interested in ...

    3.I do sport because ...

    4.We often go out to ...

    5.At the weekend we never ...

    6.We watch television ...

    7.Our friends ...

    3.Make up questions. Start them with the words given.

    , .

    4.Find one word in each line that shouldnt be there. The first has been done for you.

    . .

    FOCUS ON VOCABULARY

    Nouns

    1.clothes ( ..)

    Her clothes are elegant. .

    She wants to buy some new clothes. .

    2.dish

    to wash the dishes

    3.baseball

    to play baseball

    4.activity ,

    activities

    5.barbecue

    6.garden ,

    gardener

    7.team

    team game

    8.uniform ,

    to wear a uniform

    9.agency

    advertising agency

    10.interview

    job interview

    11.concert

    jazz concert

    12.wedding

    wedding party

    13.event

    15.weekdays

    at weekdays

    16.winter

    17.summer

    18.autumn (Am. fall)

    19.spring

    20.game

    computer game

    22.people

    23.programme

    24.channel

    TV channel

    25.midnight

    at midnight

    Adjectives

    1.special ,

    nothing special

    2.young

    young people ,

    3.clean

    4.dirty

    5.serious

    6.clever

    7.friendly

    8.famous

    9.happy

    Verbs

    1.to miss ;

    to miss classes

    2.to clean ,

    to clean the room

    3.to wash

    4.to happen ,

    It happened yesterday. .

    5.to involve

    It involves two sets. .

    6.to spend (spent) (), ()

    I spent my holidays there. .

    7.to wear (wore) ()

    I never wear jeans. .

    8.to try ,

    I try to do it very well. .

    Adverbs

    1.late

    2.early

    3.together

    4.quite ,

    quite a bit -

    5.outside ,

    6.seriously

    Word Combinations

    1.exercise class

    2.go sailing ( ), ( )

    3.at least

    4.not at all

    5.to be dressed up

    6.point of view

    7.take it seriously -

    8.rather good

    1.Match the halves of the words.

    .


    2.Make up the sentences of your own using the following words (three in one sentence).

    , ( ).


    3.Complete the gaps with a suitable word or phrase from the Word Box.

    .


    4.Translate into English.

    .


    Language focus 1

    Adverbs of frequency


    once twice. three times, four times, ..

    , Present Simple (Indefinite):

    Often

    Seldom

    Never

    Usually

    Sometimes

    Always

    :

    Rita always types letters.

    to be:

    Rita is always late.

    How often:

    How often do you wash the dishes?

    Three times a day.

    How often does she miss classes?

    She never misses classes.

    How often do they go sailing?

    They go sailing once a month.

    5.Give your answers to these questions.

    .


    6.Write as many sentences as possible.

    .


    7.Complete the sentences. Use different adverbs of frequency.

    , .


    Language focus 2

    Prepositions of time and place (Revision)

    ()

    Prepositions of time

    Prepositions of place

    8.Ask questions. Start them with the words given.

    , .

    1.I never washed the dishes in the childhood.

    Did........................................................................?

    2.This event happened on the second of April.

    When did.................................................................?

    3.I will be famous next year.

    Will.......................................................................?

    4.I saw them together at the cinema.

    Where did...............................................................?

    5.He will go to the job interview in an hour.

    When will................................................................?

    6.On holidays I go to the exercise class.

    Who.......................................................................?

    7.I can see some young people among them.

    Can........................................................................?

    8.He has coffee and cakes for breakfast.

    What does.................................................................?

    9.There are two dirty cars in front of our house.

    Are there...................................................................?

    10.She is always dressed up at the office.

    Why is......................................................................?

    9.Answer the questions.

    .

    1.Where were you on holidays?

    2.What did you have for dinner?

    3.What is there next to your computer?

    4.What will you cook for tomorrow?

    5.Did you sleep well last night?

    6.What dreams did you see last night?

    7.Will you have guests at tea?

    8.Are your children at school?

    9.What do you usually do at 10 p.m.?

    10.Do you get a lot of presents at Christmas?

    11.How many rooms are there in your flat/house?

    12.Will you relax in an hour?

    13.What sports did you do in winter?

    14.What is there opposite your house?

    10.Translate the following phrases into English. Make up your own sentences with them.

    . . .

    FOCUS ON GRAMMAR

    Language focus 1

    The Simple (Indefinite) Tense

    Simple (Indefinite)

    Simple (Present Simple) , . ,

    every day, usually, often, never, always, seldom, sometimes.

    Past Simple . : last year/summer/month/week, yesterday, in 1987, three weeks/days/months ago, then.

    Future Simple . : next year/month/week, tomorrow, in a month.

    1.Choose the right variant.

    .

    2.Ask questions. Give negative answers.

    . .

    Example: She washes the dishes every evening. Does she wash the dishes every evening? She doesnt wash the dishes every evening.

    3.Find one mistake in each sentence.

    .

    Language focus 2

    Types of Questions (revision)

    ()

    5 :

    ;

    ;

    ;

    ;

    .

    : do, does, am, are,is, can .. , , . . .

    : Do they go swimming every day?

    Did he stay there last year?

    Will they come tomorrow?

    . , , . : + .

    : Why do they go swimming every day?

    Where did he stay?

    When will they come?

    who what . ( , , is, are, am, can). .

    : Who goes swimming every day? ( : , : .)

    Who lived in a flat?

    Who can stay here?

    , or . .

    : Do they go swimming or fishing every day?

    Did she live in a house or in a flat?

    Will they or we stay here?

    : , : ?

    , ( ) . , ( ) .

    : They go fishing every day, dont they? , ?

    They dont go fishing every day, do they?

    She lives in London, doesnt she?

    She doesnt live in London, does she?

    We didnt stay here, did we?

    We will stay here, wont we?

    4.Ask General Questions. Give negative answers.

    . .

    Example: He went there yesterday. Did he go there yesterday? He didnt go there yesterday.

    5.Read the sentences. Write two Special Questions to each.

    . .

    6.Read the questions and translate them. Underline the auxiliary verb.

    . .

    1. ?

    .........

    2. , ?

    .........

    3. ?

    .........

    4. ?

    .........

    5. ?

    .........

    6. ?

    .........

    7. , ?

    .........

    8. ?

    .........

    9. ?

    .........

    10. ?

    .........

    READING AND SPEAKING PRACTICE

    1.Read the list of activities. What do you usually do on weekdays and at the weekend?

    . , , ?

    To get up early/late

    To walk with younger children

    To cook different dishes

    To watch different TV channels

    To play the piano/the guitar

    To use the computer

    To go out (to concerts, the cinema or the theatre)

    To see friends

    To go to an exercise class

    To go sailing

    To wash the dishes

    To dress up

    To cook the barbecue

    To wear jeans

    To get together with your family

    2.Fill in your organizer for the last week and for the next week. Use one verb once

    . .

    3.Answer the questions.

    .

    1.Do you get up early or late on weekdays?

    2.Do you always stay at home on Fridays?

    3.How often does your wife cook something tasty?

    4.Do you go out twice a month?

    5.How do you usually spend your evening?

    6.How often do you buy new clothes?

    7.Do you like to cook the barbecue? Where?

    8.Do you try to be with your family at the weekend?

    9.How did you spend the last weekend?

    10.What will your children do next week?

    4.Make up dialogues putting the sentences in the right order.

    , .

    5.Close the English variant on the right. Translate the dialogues on the left. Check yourself.

    , . , . .

    Read the dialogues and try to remember them.

    .

    6.Read this text.

    .

    A weekend with the Wheeler family

    Mark and Sylvie Wheeler live in a big house in California. They have got four children. At the weekend they do a lot of things around the house. They garden quite a bit. They play basketball on the basketball court.

    Their son Christopher is fourteen. At the weekends he goes out a lot with his friends, on Friday or Saturday nights. Sometimes he goes to the cinema or just to other peoples houses and watches videos.

    There are just two seasons there: winter and summer. Because autumn, winter and spring are very much the same.

    But summer is different. In summer on Saturday afternoon they crank up the barbecue. And that is their meal. They like it. They never miss it. In summer it gets very hot and sometimes they just want to be outside, not inside.

    Summertime activities are usually involved around the childrens sports. Their youngest son plays Little League that is baseball. There are a lot of little boys who take the game very seriously. They are all dressed up in their uniforms.

    A. Retell the text.

    .

    B. Ask five questions about the text.

    .

    C. Complete the sentences.

    .

    At the weekend the Wheeler family like ...

    Christopher enjoys ...

    There are just two seasons because ...

    On Saturday afternoon they ...

    Their youngest son ...

    ASSIGNMENT 1

    LESSON 1

    PART 1

    Find an extra word in each line.The first is done for you.

    . .

    PART 2

    Ask Questions.

    .

    PART 3

    Find one mistake in each sentence.

    .

    PART 4

    Translate the sentences.

    .

    LESSON 2. Doing new things

    LEAD-IN

    1.Answer the questions about yourself.

    .

    1.Where did you study?

    2.Why are you learning English?

    3.What foreign languages can you speak?

    4.Can you drive a car?

    5.How did you get your job?

    6.What do you do at your workplace?

    7.Will you do the same in ten years?

    8.Would you like to change your life? How?

    9.Which are the most important things in your life?

    10.Where would you like to travel? Why?

    2.Match the sentences to their translations.

    .

    3.Complete the Questions.

    .

    1.Did they wear ........................................................................?

    2.Do they usually spend ...............................................................?

    3.Will they miss ........................................................................?

    4.Is the man ..............................................................................?

    5.Was the concert .....................................................................?

    6.Does she change ...............................................................?

    7.Would you like to .....................................................................?

    8.Am I ..............................................................................?

    9.Were they ...........................................................................?

    10.Are the children ..................................................................?

    FOCUS ON VOCABULARY

    Nouns

    1.knowledge ( ..)

    much knowledge

    2.pasta

    Italian pasta

    3.term , /

    school term

    4.campus , /

    school campus

    5.goal ,

    the goal of my life

    6.part

    this part of the book

    7.project ,

    an important project

    8.skill ,

    to get new skills

    9.textbook

    10.adult

    11.tyre

    Adjectives

    1.free ,

    2.different (from ),

    It is different from what we wanted.

    3.difficult ,

    It was very difficult to learn.

    4.real ,

    5.specific ,

    6.vocational

    vocational training

    7.practical

    practical classes

    Verbs

    1.to fly-flew

    2.to change ,

    2.to join ,

    He joined the army.

    3.to include

    It includes three parts.

    4.to train ,

    5.to balance

    6.to dream-dreamt ,

    I am dreaming about a new job.

    7.to fix ,

    I want to fix cars.

    8.to practise

    9.to hear-heard ,

    Adverbs

    1.badly

    She drives badly.

    2.fluently

    He speaks English fluently.

    3.well

    Word Combinations

    1.advanced class

    2.beginners class

    3.a long way from school

    Our flat is a long way from work.

    4.driving lessons

    5.driving test

    6.to take driving lessons

    7.not...at all

    It is not interesting at all .

    8.to take a test

    9.reasonably well

    10.apart from , ,

    Apart from English I study French.

    11.consumer awareness

    12.communication skills

    13.how the car works

    14.to take part (in)

    1.Match the word with the translation.

    .


    2.Match the words to make word combinations.

    .


    3.Think of as many word combinations as possible. Make up your own sentences with them.

    . .


    4.Complete the gaps with a suitable word or phrase from the Word Box.

    .


    5.Translate into English.

    .


    Language focus 1

    Descriptive Adjectives


    6.Make up possible word combinations.

    .


    7.Make up sentences using the following forms.

    , .


    8.Make up a story using at least 20 adjectives.

    . 20 .


    Language focus 2

    Structure to be going to

    to be going to

    to be going to - . (- ). .

    We are going to swim tomorrow. .

    He is going to fall down. .


    (to go), to go .

    She is going to France next year.

    9.Complete the sentences

    .

    1.Im going to ...

    2.My wife is going to ...

    3.My children are going to ...

    4.My friend is going to...

    5.My boss is going to ...

    6.My company is going to ...

    7.My dog isnt going to ...

    8.My parents arent going to ...

    10.Answer the questions.

    $7

    1.What are you going to do tomorrow?

    2.Where are you going to travel?

    3.Are you going to fix your car today?

    4.Are your children going to take driving lessons?

    5.Are you going to learn English in an advanced class?

    6.Are you going to change your life?

    7.What knowledge are you going to get?

    8.Are you going to cook pasta for dinner?

    9.Are you going to speak English fluently?

    10.Are you going to join any sports club?

    11.Write about your future plans. Use the structure to be going to.

    . to be going to.

    FOCUS ON GRAMMAR

    Language focus 1

    Adverbs and Adjectives

    ( : -, -). ly. , usual-usually, fluent-fluently.

    : y , y i ly: easy-easily.

    : ( ) : It is difficult to do it ( ), to be, : .

    ( to be): He did it easily. She drove the car dangerously.

    , : really nice, reasonably good, badly written ( ).

    :

    good-well

    fast-fast

    late-late

    little () I know little about Spain.

    much () She read much about it.

    1.Underline the correct form.

    .

    1.The bird flew free/freely.

    2.It is nice/nicely to travel.

    3.The weather changes fast/fastly.

    4.They trained good/well.

    5.The trip included many strange/strangely places.

    6.The textbooks were very expensive/expensively.

    7.They got very important/importantly skills.

    8.It was real/really difficult.

    9.It was important/importantly for the project.

    10.She spoke the language very fluent/fluently.

    2.Complete the sentences with the adverbs taking them from the box.

    .

    3.Translate the sentences.

    .

    Language focus 2

    Modal Verb can and could/will be able to

    can could/will be able to

    ( ) can , . to. .

    He can drive very well.

    Can he drive very well?

    Who can drive very well?

    He cant drive very well.

    could , . , can.

    :

    We can train here.

    We could train here yesterday.

    Can you get these skills?

    Could you get these skills?

    She cant travel a long way from home.

    She couldnt travel a long way from home.

    be able to .

    I will be able to change it tomorrow.

    We will be able to take a test.

    He will be able to fix cars.

    Will he be able to meet you?

    Will they be able to join you?

    He wont (will not) be able to fly there.

    I wont be able to balance the tyre.

    4.Give the sentences in the past and future.

    .

    5.Ask General Questions. Give Negative answers.

    . .

    6.Complete the information chart.

    .

    READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE

    1.Answer the questions.

    .

    1.Are you going to start a new life? Why/Why not?

    2.What are you going to buy next week?

    3.What will you be able to cook tonight?

    4.What are you going to plant in your garden?

    5.Will you be able to drive a long way from home today?

    6.Are you going to learn how to drive?

    7.Are you going to travel in summer? Where will you be able to go?

    8.Are you going to be very busy next week?

    9.When are you going to have a holiday?

    10.Will you be able to study English next year?

    2.Read and complete the conversation. Try to learn the dialogue.

    . . .

    A. But you cant drive.

    B. Youre going to start a new life.

    C. Are you going to start now, dear?

    D. Then, Im going to get a job.

    Husband: I am going to start a new life. Did you hear me?

    Wife: Yes, dear.

    Husband: What did I say? What am I going to do?

    Wife: ..................

    Husband: Thats right. And I will be able to do it! First, Im going to buy some new clothes. .............. Did you hear me?

    Wife: Yes, dear. You are going to get a job. Will you be able to do it?

    Husband: Yes. Next, Im going to buy a car.

    Wife: Thats nice. .........................

    Husband: Thats right. I cant drive now. But Ill be able to do it. Im going to learn.

    Wife: When are you going to start?

    Husband: Start what?

    Wife: Your new life. New clothes, job, car. .........................

    Husband: No, not now. There is sport on TV.

    3.Speak about your future plans. Use the words.

    . .

    Story one: am going to, travel, knowledge, easily, fluently, goal, will be able to, couldnt, real, apart from, reasonably well.

    Story Two: join, skills, different, fix, wont be able to, am going to, beginners class, a long way from, change.

    4.Give your reasons.

    , .

    5.Order the speeches.

    .

    6.Read this text.

    .

    A practical class

    Jean is a teacher in California. Josh is one of his students. Jean teaches the students how to fix cars.

    His programme is a practical course. They teach people from sixteen through adults.

    The courses are located on a High School campus. The programme is vocational because they train people specific skills which they can use in their job.

    Josh likes these classes very much because they give real knowledge. They dont have any textbooks. They just listen and look and then, start their projects.

    All the students have their projects on how to fix a car. For example, Josh is going to take a tyre off the car, balance the tyre and put it back.

    There are a lot of students who come to join the programme. All of them think that they will be able to fix their cars. It is their goal and the programme is going to give them this knowledge. But the programme also includes: consumer awareness, communication skills and understanding of how the car works.

    A. Retell the text

    B. Ask five questions about the text

    C. Answer the questions

    .

    1.What programme does Jean teach?

    2.Does he have only one student?

    3.What is the age of their students?

    4.How many textbooks do the students have?

    5.How do the students study?

    6.What is the students goal?

    7.What skills does the programme include?

    ASSIGNMENT 2

    LESSON 2

    PART 1

    Choose the correct word.

    .

    PART 2

    Ask Special Questions.

    .

    PART 3

    Find one mistake in each sentence.

    .

    PART 4

    Translate the sentences.

    .

    LESSON 3. Planning a trip

    LEAD-IN

    1.Answer the questions about yourself.

    .

    1.Do you like to travel? Why/Why not?

    2.Where did you travel last time?

    3.Was it a long way from your home?

    4.What foreign countries would you like to see?

    5.What places are you going to visit there?

    6.How are you going to communicate with people in those countries?

    7.Is it difficult to choose a place to go?

    8.Do you like active rest?

    9.Do you like to travel with your family?

    10.Will you be able to travel this summer?

    2.Make up correct sentences.

    .

    1.wont/to/I/speak/fluently/year/be/Japanese/able/next.

    2.travel/long/home/summer/we/couldnt/a/last/way/from.

    3.Mike/part/an/took/three/ago/in/exhibition/years/to China.

    4.in/spent/Tahiti/well/we/our/reasonably/holidays.

    5.your/skills/on/you/improve/going/are/to/communication/holiday?

    6.visit/I/not/going/specific/this/am/to/country.

    7.dreaming/holidays/the/seaside/I/about/at/am.

    Try to recollect as many sentences as possible.

    .

    3.Complete the information chart.

    .

    4.Make up sentences about travelling using the following forms.

    , .

    FOCUS ON VOCABULARY

    Nouns

    1.section , ( )

    2.plane

    by plane ,

    3.passenger

    4.station ,

    railway station

    5.tourist

    6.airplane

    7.train

    to travel by train

    8.darling ,

    9.service

    10.transaction ,

    11.itinerary

    12.premium ,

    13.seat

    14.ship

    by ship/by sea

    14.decision

    It was his final decision.

    15.offer

    a house on offer ( )

    16.climate

    mild climate

    cold climate

    17.flight ,

    It was a long flight.

    18.ticket

    Adjectives

    1.non-smoking

    non-smoking section of the plane

    2.domestic ,

    3.non-stop

    to fly non-stop

    4.pleasant

    5.slow

    6.clever

    7.individual

    8.premium ,

    premium service

    9.return

    return ticket

    10.obvious

    an obvious mistake

    Adverbs

    1.abroad ,

    to live abroad

    2.obviously

    Verbs

    1.to decide

    I cant decide where to go.

    2.to solve/to sort out (-)

    to sort out a problem

    3.to prefer

    I prefer swimming to sailing .

    4.to intend

    I intend to go there. .

    5.to confirm ,

    6.to reconfirm

    Id like to reconfirm the ticket.

    7.to offer ,

    8.to return ()

    9.to hurry ()

    Geographical Names

    1.Argentina

    2.Asia

    3.Europe

    Words and Expressions

    1.to check in ()

    2.travel agents

    3.Business Class

    4.First Class

    5.Coach/Tourist/Economy Class

    6.in a great hurry ( )

    7.long distances

    8.to come into contact with ,

    9.for the most part

    10.seat selection

    11.to step up

    1.Match the word with the translation.

    .

    2.Match the halves of the words.

    .

    3.Complete the table with the words from the Word Box.One word can belong to two columns

    . .

    4.Translate into English.

    .

    Language focus 1

    Making suggestions.

    -.

    Study these phrases.

    .

    Lets go to Asia. .

    Id prefer to go to Asia. .

    Shall we go to Asia? ?

    Would you like to go to Asia? ?

    How about going to Asia? , ?

    5.Complete the sentences.

    .

    1.Lets confirm ....

    2.Shall we check in ...

    3.How about travelling ...

    4.Would you like to offer ...

    5.Id prefer to sort out ....

    6.Wed prefer to hurry ...

    7.Shall we return ...

    6.React to the following suggestions.

    .

    Lets go sailing at the weekend.

    .....

    Lets pack our luggage in a hurry.

    .....

    How about traveling First Class?

    ......

    Shall we reconfirm our itinerary?

    ...

    Id prefer domestic food. And how about you?

    ...

    Would you like to travel long distances?

    ...

    7.Complete the dialogue. Use the pattern above.

    , , .

    husband: ....

    Wife: To Africa? No, thank you. Its terribly hot there now.

    Husband: .......

    Wife: To Europe? Well, let me think.

    Husband: ....

    Wife: Germany? Well, good idea. And how much will be the tickets?

    Husband: ....

    Wife: The Internet? No, I prefer to come into contact with good travel agents.

    Husband: ...

    Wife: What? I dont know this travel company.

    Husband: ....

    Wife: Yes, its a company with a good reputation. When will we be able to go?

    Husband: ....

    Wife: In October? Why in October?

    Husband: Its the cheapest month. .....

    Wife: By plane, of course.

    Language focus 2

    How to agree and disagree.

    .

    8.Agree or disagree. Use the patterns above.

    . .

    1.Domestic goods are the best.

    2.Its always nicer to travel by plane.

    3.You go on holiday twice a year.

    4.You would like to live abroad.

    5.You always check in your luggage at the airport.

    6.You always feel satisfied after shopping.

    7.Tourists try to find the best service.

    8.Your itinerary is different every year.

    9.You come into contact with different people at work.

    10.You intend to start a new life next week.

    9.Make up a dialogue with your boss. Use all the patterns above.

    . , .

    FOCUS ON GRAMMAR

    Language focus 1

    Degrees of comparison of adjectives

    , : , .

    ,

    :

    ( r y) er est ( the).

    Cheap-cheaper-the cheapest

    Happy-happier-the happiest

    :

    ( ): big-bigger-the biggest.

    e : nice-nicer-the nicest.

    , , , more the most.

    Expensive-more expensive-the most expensive

    Useful-more useful-the most useful

    , , one/that one/this one/the one:

    This house is better than that one.

    That flight is more expensive than this one.

    This book is more interesting than the one I read last week.

    +:

    It was a more interesting film than the one we saw yesterday.

    He was a cleverer person than Alec.

    , :

    Good-better-the best

    Bad-worse-the worst

    Little ()-less()-the least () c :

    Little milk, less knowledge, the least interesting book.

    Much/many-more-the most

    Far-farther-the farthest , ( )

    Far-further-the furthest ( (, )

    1.Give the three forms.

    .

    2.Answer the questions.

    .

    1.Do you prefer the best service on the plane?

    2.Which is the most expensive domestic car?

    3.Do you intend to buy more expensive clothes?

    4.Are you going to come into contact with more people?

    5.Will you be able to cook the most delicious pasta dish?

    6.Is your trip this year more pleasant than the one last year?

    7.Do you know the best restaurant in your area?

    8.Who is the most obvious president candidate?

    3.Translate into English.

    .

    Language focus 2

    Articles

    4.Fill in articles a/an, the where necessary.

    , .

    1.Where is...... tourist map you bought yesterday? Here is...... map. Take it, please.

    2.When I was abroad I met.............man who could speak Russian fluently. ...... man was American. He was...... teacher of Russian.

    3.......... child can sort out this simple problem.

    4.These are...... tickets that you wanted to offer them.

    5.There is...... overhead projector in our office. ...... projector is made in Japan.

    6....... person who is learning a foreign language can practise all the time.

    5.The nouns in the first column are presented for the first time. They are used with the indefinite article or zero article. Make up the next sentence, defining the meaning of these nouns more precisely and therefore use the definite article.

    a/an. , . .

    6.Translate the sentences into English.Pay attention to the use of articles.

    , .

    READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE

    1.Read these sentences. Underline the words from the Active Vocabulary. Close your eyes. How many sentences can you recollect?

    . .

    1.Obviously, he is going to reconfirm his itinerary abroad.

    2.I cant decide where I will check in my luggage.

    3.I wont be able to sort out this problem in a great hurry.

    4.He returned to the non-smoking section of the plane.

    5.This itinerary in Asia is more pleasant than that one.

    6.He prefers to fly long distances First Class.

    7.She came into contact with various passengers.

    8.He decided to fly non-stop.

    9.For the most part when he was in Europe he spoke German.

    10.The baby made his first step.

    2.Answer the questions.

    .

    1.Do you prefer to travel by plane or by train? Why?

    2.Do you prefer to fly non-stop? Why?

    3.Do you buy plane tickets at a travel agents?

    4.Do you always pack your luggage in a great hurry?

    5.Do you often come into contact with other passengers?

    6.Do you like to travel abroad? Where to?

    7.What itineraries do you prefer?

    8.What service do you usually get on board the plane?

    9.What is the goal of your trips?

    10.How do you usually get to the airport?

    3.Speak about Julias trip. Use the verbs in the past tense.

    . .

    4.Put Toms speeches in the right place. Try to learn the dialogue.

    . .

    5.React to the suggestions. Use the following adjective forms.

    . .

    More pleasant, nicer, less expensive, better, faster, worse, more interesting, less dangerous

    1.Shall we go by plane or by train?

    2.Lets go to Asia this year.

    3.Would you prefer o visit this place?

    4.Lets travel First Class.

    5.Shall I cook chicken or beef?

    6.Lets go out tonight.

    7.Shall I drive?

    6.Read this text.

    .

    Sherry McGonegle at San Jose Airport

    Sherry works for the company American Airlines. She issues plane tickets at San Jose airport in California. Here she tells us about her job.

    A passenger will step up and speak to her. He will tell her which flight he wants, what ticket he intends to buy. Then, she can issue the ticket at the ticket counter. She can also reconfirm their itinerary for the round trip, check in their luggage and make sure they are satisfied with their seat selection.

    The airlines offer three classes of service: Coach Class, which is the economy class, Business Class, which is better than Coach Class. They can also offer First Class, which is the premium class, and the best way to travel.

    Passengers can buy a one way ticket or a return one. They can travel in the morning, afternoon and evening and even at night. For the most part, flights are non-stop.

    Sherry thinks that each transaction with a passenger is really different. But the job is never boring. Every day she comes into contact with many pleasant people.

    A. Retell the text.

    .

    B. Ask five questions about the text.

    .

    C. Answer the questions.

    .

    1.Whats Sherrys job?

    2.What people does she meet?

    3.How does she help them?

    4.What classes of service do they offer?

    5.How are these classes different?

    6.What tickets can the passengers buy?

    7.What flights can they choose?

    8.What des Sherry think about her job?

    ASSIGNMENT 3

    LESSON 3

    PART 1

    Find an extra word in each line. The first is done for you.

    . .

    PART 2

    Put the adjectives in the correct form.

    .

    PART 3

    Find one mistake in each sentence.

    .

    PART 4

    Translate the sentences.

    .

    LESSON 4. Shopping for clothes

    LEAD-IN

    1.Answer the questions about yourself.

    .

    1.How often do you go shopping?

    2.Do you prefer shopping for clothes or for food?

    3.Where do you prefer to buy clothes? Why?

    4.What clothes do you usually buy?

    5.What clothes do you intend to buy?

    6.Do you sometimes buy clothes when you are abroad?

    7.Is it pleasant or boring to choose new clothes?

    8.Are you always satisfied after shopping?

    2.Make up questions. Start them with the words given

    ,

    1.I bought a lot of nice clothes abroad. Where.....................................................?

    2.He prefers wearing jeans. What.........................................................................?

    3.She is going to buy it in Asia. Where..................................................................?

    4.He intends to by the most expensive boots. Who...............................................?

    5.I wont be able to reconfirm your offer. Why.........................................................?

    6.He got a lot of knowledge about these specific clothes. Where............................?

    7.She is hurrying to the supermarket. Why...............................................................?

    8.Her collection included summer models. What.......................................................?

    3.Make up your own sentences with the word combinations.

    .

    4.Find one word in each line that shouldnt be there.The first has been done for you.

    . .

    FOCUS ON VOCABULARY

    Nouns

    1.fashion

    To be in the fashion

    2.jumper

    3.key

    4.point , ,

    It was a very important point.

    5.wedding

    A wedding party

    6.dance

    7.dress ,

    8.pity ,

    What a pity! !

    Its a pity that he is not here.

    9.uniform

    To wear a uniform

    10.sandals

    11.shorts

    12.size

    What size are you?

    13.accessories

    14.pair

    A pair of shoes

    15.wear ,

    This is now in wear. .

    16.earrings

    17.belt ,

    18.buyer

    19.gloves

    20.hat

    21.option

    22.outfit ,

    23.scarf-scarves -

    Adjectives

    1.cream

    2.thick ,

    a thick overcoat

    3.thin ,

    4.warm

    5.woolen

    6.cotton

    7.leather

    8.silk

    9.basic

    10.desperate

    I am desperate to see this girl. .

    11.exciting

    It was an exciting day.

    Verbs

    1.to fit ,

    The coat fits well. .

    2.to perform ,

    The actors performed very well. .

    3.to excite ,

    4.to feel(felt)

    I feel fine. .

    I feel bad. .

    5.to look

    She looks good. ( look , )

    6.to flatter

    7.to choose (chose)

    8.to need

    I need your help. .

    9.to recommend

    Adverbs

    1.casually ,

    2.actually ,

    Word Combinations

    1.changing room

    2.registry office ,

    3.to take off ( )

    She took off her coat.

    4.to put on

    Im going to put on my new dress.

    5.tracksuit top

    6.to try on

    Would you like to try on these shoes?

    7.to go with ,

    These shoes go with this dress.

    8.you might need

    everything you might need ,

    9.to wrap up the goods

    10.pale green -

    11.to look for ,

    Im looking for a skirt.

    12.key point

    1.Match the word with the translation.

    .

    2.Complete the sentences with the words from the Word Box.

    .

    Fits, changing room, option, exciting, desperate, buyers, fashion, go with,

    performed, looked, actually, point, pair

    1.Short skirts are now in the....................................

    2.This dress....................very well.

    3.At the meeting we discussed a very important..............................

    4.We can offer these two blouses so you have the...............................

    5.The day was really..................................!

    6.Last Friday we bought a ................................of new black boots.

    7.At this time there are a lot of....................................in the shop.

    8.These accessories dont.......................................your suit.

    9.My little brother......................................very well. He played the violin.

    10............................... I dont want to buy this dress.

    11.Where is the.....................................? Id like to try it on.

    12.I am....................................to find a new husband.

    13.Your sister ..................................good at the show.

    3.Translate into English.

    .

    4.Write your own sentences with the words given.

    .

    Language focus 1

    Speech patterns

    5.Translate the sentences.

    .

    1.The skirt fits perfectly, but I dont like the colour.

    ..................................................................................................................

    2.Id like several basic clothes.

    ..................................................................................................................

    3.Shall I bring you a longer dress?

    ..................................................................................................................

    4.I think, this suit doesnt fit.

    ..................................................................................................................

    5.We have this shirt in several sizes and colours.

    ..................................................................................................................

    6.Would you like to try on this tracksuit top?

    ..................................................................................................................

    7. Thank you. Its my pleasure.

    ..................................................................................................................

    8.Take a look at this pair of earrings. They are the latest fashion.

    ..................................................................................................................

    6.Complete the dialogues.

    .

    I

    Shop-assistant: Good morning. Can I help you?

    Customer:..............................................................

    Shop-assistant: A short or a long one?

    Customer:...............................................................

    Shop-assistant: How about this one? ...........................................

    Customer: No, thank you. I dont like the colour.

    Shop-assistant: I see.

    II

    Customer: Can I try on this coat?

    Shop-assistant: Of course. .....................................................

    Customer: I think, ten.

    Shop-assistant: Well, this is size twelve. ...............................................

    Customer: Yes, please.

    Shop-assistant: Here you are.

    Customer: Thank you.

    Shop-assistant: .............................................................

    III

    Customer: What size is this dress?

    Shop-assistant: Its size ten. Would you like to try it on?

    Customer: No thank you. Its for my daughter.

    Shop-assistant: .............................................................

    Customer: Size eight or ten.

    Shop-assistant: ......................................................................

    Customer: Longer ones.

    Shop-assistant: ......................................................................

    Customer: Well, it looks nice. ............................................................

    Shop-assistant: Yes, we have it in blue and in dark blue.

    Customer: I think, dark blue will be great.

    Shop-assistant:...........................................................

    Customer: Oh, yes. I think, Ill take it.

    7.Make up your own dialogues.

    .

    A. You are going to buy the sport shoes for your husband.

    B. Youd like to buy an evening dress.

    C. You want to buy some clothes for your sisters baby.

    D. You are going to buy some basic clothes for yourself.

    Language focus 2

    Reflexive Pronouns

    8.Complete the answers to the questions using reflexive pronouns.

    , .

    1.Who repaired the car for you? Nobody, I...........................................................

    2.Who bought this cotton jacket for your sister. She................................................

    3.Who cleaned your flat? We...........................................................................

    4.Who performed n the stage? Our children..........................................................

    5.Does he want me to try on his suit? No, hell......................................................

    6.Did she take off Lisas shoes? No, Linda ..........................................................

    7.How awful! Did you talk to the door? No, the door...............................................

    8.Shall I go home? No, look after your dogs.........................................................

    9.Put in reflexive pronouns or me/you/us/them/him/her/it.

    me/you/us/them/him/her/it

    1.She looked into the water and saw..............................................

    2.She looked into the water and saw.............................................. He took off his hat and smiled.

    3.Could you pass........................................some bread, please?

    4.My father died and left........................................without any money.

    5.He wants to try on this coat..............................................

    6.She is going to buy a tracksuit top for...........................................

    7.Alice has got no money. Jane is going to buy clothes for.........................................

    8.Take this jacket. You might need.........................................on your way.

    9.Lets wait. The weather will change..............................................

    10.I wont be able to perform.........................................

    10.Write your own sentences with the following pronouns.

    .

    FOCUS ON GRAMMAR

    Language focus 1

    Too/enough

    /

    Too , :

    The dress was too expensive.

    The trousers are too long.

    There are too many people in the shop.

    The shop is too far away.

    Enough :

    There are enough clothes in the supermarket.

    I havent got enough money.

    :

    The dress isnt long enough.

    The scarves arent good enough.

    She smiled prettily enough.

    1.Complete the sentences with too/enough

    too/enough

    1.I wont buy this dress Its (expensive)....................................................................

    2.I cant eat this food. Its (hot)..............................................................................

    3.We wont discuss those points. They arent (important)...............................................

    4.You have got (gloves)......................................................................................

    5.He didnt get the job because he didnt have (knowledge)............................................

    6.This shirt is (big)...............................................for me. I need a smaller size.

    7.She cant take part in the fashion show. She is (young)...............................................

    8.He cant buy the basic clothes. He doesnt have (money).............................................

    2.Make up your own sentences with the word combinations.

    .

    3.Read and translate the sentences.

    .

    4.Four of the sentences have a mistake.Find and correct it.

    .

    Language focus 2

    As ... as

    Not so ... as

    ...

    ...

    as...as not so...as.

    ,

    , .

    He is as clever as his father.

    , .

    She is not so desperate as she was ten years ago.

    5.Make up as many sentences as possible.

    .

    Example: These shoes are not so expensive as those sandals.

    6.Make up your own sentences with the word combinations.

    .

    7.Ask further questions. Give negative answers.

    . .

    Example: He is really intelligent. Is he as intelligent as his father? No, he is not so intelligent as his father.

    8.Complete the sentences. Use the structures as...as, not so...as.

    . as...as, not so...as.

    1.Is she........................................................................................................?

    2.Our friend...................................................................................................

    3.Our house...................................................................................................

    4.Were you....................................................................................................

    5.Are her clothes..............................................................................................?

    6.This jumper is...............................................................................................

    7.Is your husband............................................................................................?

    8.Are these gloves...........................................................................................?

    READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE

    1.Answer the questions.

    $7

    1.What clothes do you prefer wearing?

    2.How can you choose flattering clothes?

    3.Where do you buy the accessories?

    4.What accessories go with your outfit?

    5.Are you in the fashion?

    6.Do you always buy clothes that excite your husband/wife?

    7.Do you always try on clothes before you buy them?

    8.What did you wear at your wedding party?

    9.Are you desperate to look good?

    10.How often do you wear casual clothes?

    2.Make up stories using the following words and word combinations.

    , .

    A. buyer, options, outfit, not so expensive as, a few dresses, cotton, silk, to try on, to take off, fashion, too large.

    B. uniform, size, changing room, not formal enough, enough money, pale, point, accessories.

    C. desperate, flattering, to look, actually, registry office, to go with, key point, not so exciting as, What a pity.

    3.Translate into English. Make up mini-dialogues (34 phrases) with the following sentences.

    . - (34 ), .

    1. ?

    2. ?

    3. ( ).

    4. .

    5. , .

    6. .

    7. !

    8. .

    9. .

    10. .

    11. , .

    12. .

    13. .

    14. .

    4.Read the dialogues. Complete the gaps. Use the words in brackets.

    . . , .

    I

    A: Good afternoon, sir. (help)........................................................................?

    B: Yes. (look for).......................................................................................

    A: Yes, sir. What would you like?

    B: (perfume).............................................................................................?

    A: I think Kenzo is very popular at the moment.

    B: Yes. (take)...........................................................................................

    II

    A: Can I help you?

    B: (skirt).................................................................................................

    A: Here is a very nice skirt.

    B: (how much)...........................................................................................?

    A: Twenty pounds.

    B: Ill take it.

    A: (offer)..................................................................................................?

    B: Whats the price of it?

    A: Sixty pounds.

    B: (too expensive)........................................................................................

    5.Read the dialogues and try to remember them.

    .

    A.julia: what are you going to take?

    Rachel: Well, Im not sure. Take a look at these silk skirts. Do you like this one?

    Julia: This one? No, I dont. I think its awful.

    Rachel: Yes. Yu are right. Pity! Its the cheapest skirt in the shop.

    Julia: But its too short. Its not formal enough. What about this one?

    Rachel: Thats better. And this?

    Julia: Oh, yes. Thats the best one.

    Rachel: I agree.

    Julia: Where are the changing rooms? Are you going to try it on?

    Rachel: Yes. They are over there.

    Julia: Come on.

    B.julia: im looking for a coat.

    Shop-assistant: Whats your size?

    Julia: Well, Im not sure.

    Shop-assistant: Try this on.

    Julia: Its too small.

    Shop-assistant: Try on this one. Its your size.

    Julia: I dont like the colour.

    Shop-assistant: What about this one?

    Julia: Its my size. But it isnt long enough. I prefer longer coats.

    Shop-assistant: Well, I see. And this one? This is your size, and its longer than the black one. Would you like to try it on?

    Julia: Yes, it looks nice. And I like the colour.

    Shop-assistant: Well, what do you think?

    Julia: I like it. But its the most expensive coat in your shop.

    Shop-assistant: Yes, but its the best one.

    6.Read this text.

    .

    Patsy Seddons shop

    Patsy Seddon has several womens clothes shops. She works in contact with the buyer, a woman who helps her to buy clothes for all her shops. They are going to tell us about the clothes they choose for their customers.

    They sell the basic things, like trousers and skirts and shirts and jumpers, and jackets. And women will also be able to buy the accessories that go with these clothes. These accessories are: shoes, bags, gloves, hats, scarves, belts everything you might need to go with your outfit.

    Patsy Seddon and her buyer choose the clothes for their shops in the wholesale fashion shops. They choose the clothes which they like themselves.

    Every season has the colour. It is the key to wearing the right clothes. Actually, colour is one of the most important points. This year, for example, pale green and pink are popular.

    Clothes excite women. They are desperate to buy them and wear them because they think they are going to look good in them. Thats the key thing: they want to look flattering and feel good.

    A. Retell the text.

    .

    B. Ask five questions about the text.

    .

    C. Answer the questions.

    .

    1.Whats Patsys job?

    2.What does her job include?

    3.Does she work alone?

    4.What clothes do they sell?

    5.What accessories do they sell?

    6.Where do they buy these clothes?

    7.Why is the colour very important?

    8.Why are women desperate to buy clothes?

    ASSIGNMENT 4

    LESSON 4

    PART 1

    Choose the correct word.

    .

    PART 2

    Match the sentences with their translations.

    .

    PART 3

    Find one mistake in each sentence.

    .

    LESSON 5. The rules of the road

    LEAD-IN

    1.Answer the questions about yourself.

    .

    1.How do you get to work?

    2.How often do you drive? Do you like it? Why?

    3.Which roads are dangerous in your town?

    4.Do you fix your car yourself?

    5.How often do you have problems with your car?

    6.Do you sometimes come into contact with policemen? When and why does it happen?

    7.Do you know what your car consists of (what parts)?

    8.When did you learn to drive?

    9.Who looks after your car?

    10.Would you like to buy a bigger/nicer/faster/smaller/more flattering car? Which model?

    2.Read the answers. Write the possible questions.

    . .

    3.Write 10 sentences using the adjectives in the Box. Use the structures: as...as, not so...as, too..., ...enough, degrees of comparison.

    10 , . : as...as, not so...as, too..., ...enough, .

    Casual, flattering, warm, pleasant, boring, delicious, vocational, difficult, specific, fluent


    4.Make up sentences about your family and friends. Use the words given.

    , . .

    Example: My friend Tony can fix his car himself.

    I myself

    My wife herself

    My children themselves

    My wife and I ourselves

    My wifes mother herself

    My friend Alex himself

    FOCUS ON VOCABULARY

    Nouns

    1.crossing ,

    2.danger

    Out of danger

    3.entry

    no entry

    4.motorway

    5.bend ,

    bend ahead

    6.advice ( ..)

    Many pieces of advice ( )

    To follow someones advice -

    7.pedal cyclist

    8.extent

    to what extent ,

    9.injury ,

    The extent of his injury

    10.learner ,

    11.motorcycle

    12.shift

    to work in shifts

    13.pedestrian

    14.pedestrian crossing

    15.flow ,

    the flow of traffic/transport

    16.movement

    17.accident ,

    Adjectives

    1.dangerous

    2.safe

    3.ready

    Im ready .

    4.numerous ,

    Numerous peoples

    5.average ,

    6.clear ,

    Is it clear? ?

    7.wrong ,

    There is something wrong with your car. .

    8.correct ,

    Verbs

    1.to overtake

    No overtaking

    2.to cross ,

    to cross the road

    3.to move ()

    4.to advise

    He advised me to stop smoking. .

    5.to allow ,

    He allowed me to come in. .

    6.to clear

    to clear the road

    7.to flow ( , )

    The river flows fast. .

    8.to hire ( )

    He hired two workers.

    9.to vary

    varied

    10.to reduce ()

    To reduce speed

    11.to increase ()

    12.to fill in

    to fill in a form

    13.to deal with ,

    I deal with different people.

    Word Combinations

    1.agricultural vehicles

    2.cater for people

    3.cc cubic centimeter

    4.numerous walks of life ( )

    5.on average

    6.to give way

    7.road signs

    1.Fill in the gaps.

    .

    2.Match the two halves of the words.

    .

    3.Make sentences with the two words given.

    , .

    4.Translate into English.

    .

    Language focus 1

    Places in town

    5.Draw a mini-plan of your town/part of the town. Mark different places on the map.

    / . , .

    6.Say and write how you can get to different places in your town and how long it takes.

    , .

    1.You can get to The Central Circus by bus 12. There are three stops from here. It will take you/it takes about ten minutes.

    2. (park).........................................................................................................

    ...................................................................................................................

    3. (supermarket)...............................................................................................

    ...................................................................................................................

    4. (museum)....................................................................................................

    ...................................................................................................................

    5. (hospital)....................................................................................................

    ...................................................................................................................

    6. (parking area)................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................

    7.Answer the questions.

    .

    1.What are the sport facilities in your town?

    2.How can I get to the nearest gym?

    3.How long does it take to get to the nearest town?

    4.Is there Underground in your town?

    5.How can I get to the town centre?

    6.What is there in the town centre?

    7.How long will it take to get to Moscow from your town? How can you get there?

    8.Which is the best book shop in your town? How can I get to it?

    9.How far is the hotel in your town from the place where you live? How can you get to it?

    10.Which is the best cinema in your town? How can I get to it?

    Language focus 2

    Road signs

    8.Match the sentences to the road signs.

    .

    1.It means you have to stop or give way.

    2.It means you cant park here.

    3.It means you cant move fast.

    4.It means you cant drive into this street.

    5.It means you have to turn right.

    6.It means theres a school ahead.

    7.It means you cant overtake on this piece of road.

    8.It means you have to give way to pedestrians.

    9.Say what you have to do if you see these signs.

    , , ( ).

    1.Bend ahead.

    2.School ahead.

    3.No overtaking.

    4.Traffic lights.

    5.No parking.

    6.Reduce speed.

    7.End of motorway.

    8.T-junction.

    9.Petrol station.

    10.Pedestrian crossing.

    10.Complete the sentences.

    .

    1.It means you cant .................the road. You have to wait.

    2.It means you have to stop or.................way.

    3.It means you have to.................right.

    4.It means you cant...................your car here.

    5.It means you have to...............speed.

    6.It means you have to................slowly.

    7.There is..............light ahead.

    8.You cant.................on this piece of road.

    9.There is a ..................crossing ahead.

    10.If you see a sign No................, it means you cant drive there.

    FOCUS ON GRAMMAR

    Language focus 1

    Modal verbs

    . , , .

    1.can ,

    could/couldnt

    . will/wont be able to.

    2.must

    mustnt ()

    , . had to/will have to. have to/has to . dont have to/doesnt have to , ( mustnt).

    3.may ,

    You may turn left here.

    May I come in?

    You may not put it on.

    4.should/ought to (, ought to , should .)

    .

    You should give way.

    You shouldnt overtake on this piece of road.

    Should I cook it now?

    He ought to stop at the traffic lights.

    5.be to ,

    was to/were to is to/are to/am to. .

    1.Translate the sentences.

    .

    1.Pedestrians mustnt cross the road here.

    2.You should follow my advice.

    3.The learners are to take a test on Tuesday.

    4.We will have to hire two new workers.

    5.You mustnt allow your children to speak to you like that.

    6.Did he have to fill in this form?

    7.We were to buy two agricultural vehicles last Saturday.

    8.I wont be able to deal with these people.

    9.I will have to move faster.

    10.May I park on the yellow line?

    2.Complete the sentences.

    .

    3.Match the sentences.

    .

    4.Write the missing sentences with must and can.

    , must can.

    5.Change the sentences according to the pattern.

    , .

    Example: It will be necessary for you to follow my advice.

    You will have to follow my advice.

    6.Extend the statements using different modal verbs.

    , .

    Example: Fred is going to the theatre.

    He will have to put on a white shirt.

    He shouldnt be late.

    He is to meet his girl-friend at seven at the theatre.

    7.Translate the sentences into English.

    .

    8.Fill in the table. Make up sentences to illustrate the following grammar. Use the words given.

    . , . .

    READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE

    1.Answer the questions.

    .

    1.What does the sign no entry mean?

    2.When must we give way to other vehicles?

    3.On which pieces of road is there no overtaking?

    4.What do drivers have to do at the T-junction?

    5.Where and when do drivers have to reduce speed?

    6.If the brakes dont work what must the driver do at once?

    7.Why is it difficult to park a car in the centre of a city?

    8.Do you have to deal with numerous people from numerous walks of life?

    9.What do police cater for?

    10.Why do we sometimes have to rent a car?

    11.What is the most important thing for a learner driver?

    2.Agree or disagree. Use different expressions.

    . .

    1.There are too many cars in the city streets now.

    2.The job of a policeman is boring.

    3.Police dont allow agricultural vehicles to drive in city streets.

    4.On average every family in Russia has a car.

    5.The police cater for all the people they have to deal with.

    6.Pedal cyclists cant ride along the streets of Moscow.

    7.People of numerous walks of life use city transport.

    3.Speak about some of the places in your town. Say where they are, how you can drive there, what signs you can see on the way there.

    . , , , .

    ...

    ...

    4.Make up short stories using the words from the Active Vocabulary.

    , .

    A. to advise, to move, in a hurry, on average, motorway, danger;

    B. learner, dangerous, ready, to overtake, agricultural vehicles, varied, to repair;

    C. to allow, to give way, pedestrian, numerous, bend, shift, to flow, safe;

    D. to hire, to reduce speed, to fill in, motorcycle, to follow advice, crossing, to enter, numerous walks of life.

    5.Read the dialogues and try to learn them.

    .

    I julia: excuse me.

    Policeman: Yes, madam?

    Julia: Could you tell me the way to South Street, please?

    Policeman: Of course. Turn right here. Its the second on the right.

    Julia: Thank you.

    Policeman: Oh, madam. You cant park here.

    Julia: But I wont be long. Ill only be a few minutes.

    Policeman: Sorry, madam. Youll have to move it. You are parked on a yellow line. And theres the sign. Look.

    Julia: Ten minutes. Im in a hurry. I have to go back to work.

    Policeman: Sorry, madam. Youll have to use the car park.

    Julia: Do I have to use the car park?

    Policeman: Yes. This is a No Parking area.

    Julia: And where is the car park.

    Policeman: Its not far from here. Turn right, drive along Dane Street and you are there.

    II james: good afternoon. is my car ready?

    Receptionist: Mr Brady?

    James: Yes.

    Receptionist: Oh, dear. Bad news, Im afraid.

    James: What is it?

    Receptionist: There is something wrong with the brakes. And one of the lights doesnt work.

    James: When will you be able to repair them?

    Receptionist: The light is no problem. But the breaks? We wont be able to repair the brakes before next week, Im afraid.

    James: But I am to drive to Edinburgh tomorrow.

    Receptionist: Would you like to rent a car? Ill give you a special price. Just fill in a form and off you go.

    6.Make up your own dialogues using the following phrases.

    , .

    7.Read this text.

    .

    Mark Hill, a motorway policeman

    Mark Hill is a motorway policeman. He works in a very dangerous place on the motorway M1. He is going to speak about his work. He would also like to tell us who can and who cant drive on the motorway.

    The people who cant are pedal cyclists, motorcyclists with a certain cc motorcycle, agricultural vehicles and learner drivers.

    Policemen work in shifts. There are four shifts a day. The motorway is never safe. There are three or four accidents per shift. When there is an accident, there are three steps the police have to take. First, they must stop the traffic movement on this piece of road. Second, they must cater for any injured people. They must make sure they are safe. Then, they must clear the road as quickly as possible to enable the traffic to flow again.

    Mark has a varied working day. He says he deals with numerous people from numerous walks of life. He gives some advice to learner drivers and they follow it.

    A. Retell the text.

    .

    B. Ask five questions about the text.

    .

    C. Answer the questions.

    .

    1.Whats Mark Hills job?

    2.What does he think about his job?

    3.Who cant drive on the motorway?

    4.Why is the motorway never safe?

    5.What do the police do when there is an accident?

    6.How many accidents happen a day?

    7.Does Mark deal with learner drivers?

    8.Why is Marks job very important?

    ASSIGNMENT 5

    LESSON 5

    PART 1

    Find a mistake in each line. The first is done for you.

    . .

    PART 2

    Fill in the correct words taking them from the box below.There are two extra words you dont need.

    . .

    Fill, walks, varied, follow, entry, shifts, extent, safe, hurry, allow, speed, flow


    PART 3

    Fill in the necessary prepositions where necessary.

    , .

    PART 4

    Translate the sentences.

    .

    LESSON 6. How things work


    LEAD-IN

    1.Answer the questions about yourself.

    .

    1.Do you often work with various equipment?

    2.What should you do when you work with equipment?

    3.What mustnt you do when you work with equipment?

    4.What equipment do you have at home/at work?

    5.Do you allow your children to work with this equipment?

    6.Can you describe the situation when there was something wrong with your equipment?

    7.Who always repairs the things at your house?

    8.What equipment are you to buy soon?

    9.What equipment may be dangerous?

    10.Where do you usually buy new things for your house? Why there?

    2.Say what you should do with your equipment and what you shouldnt/mustnt do. Use the verbs given.

    , , . .

    To use, to place, to repair, to clean, to learn, to allow, to move, to confirm, to decide, to look at/after

    3.Complete the sentences.

    .

    1.I wont be able to........................................................................................

    2.The pedestrians had to..................................................................................

    3.Did they have to.........................................................................................?

    4.The learners shouldnt..................................................................................

    5.Children mustnt.........................................................................................

    6.Passengers shouldnt....................................................................................

    7.You may...................................................................................................

    8.Traffic police are to......................................................................................

    9.We couldnt...............................................................................................

    10.Motorcyclists ought to.................................................................................

    11.The drivers have to.....................................................................................

    12.Was the firm to.........................................................................................?

    13.When will you have to................................................................................?

    14.Will they be able to....................................................................................?

    15.Should the motorists...................................................................................?

    16.Why couldnt the vehicles............................................................................?

    4.Match the questions and the answers.

    .

    FOCUS ON VOCABULARY

    Nouns

    1.coffee pot

    2.corridor

    In the corridor/hall

    3.shelf (shelves)

    4.thermostat

    5.cookery ,

    6.headphones

    7.mousetrap

    8.porter ,

    9.brochure

    A brochure on cookery

    10.wall

    Stone wall

    11.bag ,

    12.box

    13.covering ,

    14.edge ,

    15.hole ,

    16.machinery ,

    17.power , ,

    18.sack ,

    19.set ,

    20.stone ,

    21.shoe ,

    22.device

    23.switch ,

    24.button

    25.tap

    Adjectives

    1.top

    2.bottom

    3.round

    4.thin

    5.effective

    Verbs

    1.to pull ,

    2.to push ,

    3.to touch ,

    4.to store

    5.to set ,

    6.to turn ()

    7.to turn into

    8.to cover ,

    Adverbs

    1.clear ,

    2.outwards ,

    Word Combinations

    1.waiting room ,

    2.to turn up the radio

    3.to turn down ()

    4.to get something -

    Have you got it? ( )?

    5.to move back ,

    6.alarm clock

    7.bedside lights

    8.main lights

    9.in turn ,

    10.top floor

    11.compact disc -

    12.to press the button

    13.to work on electricity

    14.lawn mower

    15.teasmade

    16.drinks machine

    17.shoe polisher

    18.coffee-maker

    1.Complete the sentences using the words from the Active Vocabulary.

    , .

    1.If you want to watch TV, you must......................................................................

    2.He gave me a book on.....................................................................................

    3.You shouldnt...............................................................................................

    4.This device..................................................................................................

    5.First, you must..............................................................................................

    6.On the top floor youll be able to see....................................................................

    7.In winter we have to.......................................................................................

    8.She had to buy new........................................................................................

    9.Mill workers have to.......................................................................................

    10.Is it clear that.............................................................................................?

    2.Fill in the gaps.

    .

    3.Make word combinations.

    .

    4.Make sentences with the two words given.

    , .

    5.Translate into English.

    .

    Language focus 1

    Equipment

    ( )

    6.Say what things at home ad in your office:

    , :

    1.are bigger than a coffee-maker;

    2.are rectangular;

    3.are round;

    4.are long and thin;

    5.make noise;

    6.work on electricity;

    7.are made of paper, wood, glass, steel;

    8.you enjoy looking at;

    9.have buttons/switches;

    10.you can sit on.

    7.Answer the questions.

    .

    1.What equipment do you normally find in the kitchen?

    2.What do we use a lawn mower for?

    3.How do we use a drinks machine?

    4.Which equipment do you use in your office every day?

    5.How do you start your computer?

    6.How often do you use a parking ticket machine?

    7.What things in your house are wooden/glass/steel?

    8.How often do you have to change light bulbs?

    9.Why do we have to use flash memory?

    10.What do you have to do to start a CD/MP3 player?

    11.What equipment do you have upstairs/downstairs?

    12.Where do you prefer to keep books: in the bookcase or on your desk?

    13.When is the heating usually on in your house?

    14.What do you use a mobile phone for?

    15.How does your camera work?

    8.Find the odd word out. Explain your choice.

    . .

    1.plastic, steel, tree, metal, glass;

    2.flash memory, screen, mouse, wires, camera;

    3.fax machine, copying machine, lawn mower, computer, standard lamp;

    4.ceiling, door, walls, carpet, window;

    5.file, bulb, wires, socket, cable;

    6.keyboard, phone, camera, bookcase, CD player.

    Language focus 2

    Booking a hotel room

    9.Read the dialogues. Try to roleplay them.

    . .

    A.

    Receptionist: Red Hill Hotel.

    James: Good morning. Have you got a room for June, the 17th?

    Receptionist: How many nights?

    James: For one night.

    Receptionist: Would you like a single or a double room?

    James: A single one, please.

    Receptionist: With a bath?

    James: Yes, with a bath. Bed and breakfast, please. How much do I have to pay?

    Receptionist: 60 a night, bed and breakfast.

    James: Is the room convenient?

    Receptionist: It certainly is.

    James: OK. Ill take it.

    B.

    Receptionist: Could you give your name, sir?

    James: My name is Brady.

    Receptionist: You are the person who booked a single room for June, the 17th?

    James: Yes.

    Receptionist: Your room will be ready in 5 minutes. Sign this form, please. Could you wait here, sir?

    James: It is cold in here. Does the room have central heating?

    Receptionist: Yes, sir.

    James: How do you turn it up?

    Receptionist: This way, sir.

    James: Where are the light switches?

    Receptionist: They are here, sir.

    James: Oh, sorry. Where does this go? Oh, no. There is something wrong with the bulbs. They dont work.

    Receptionist: You should press this button, sir.

    James: Yes, I see. What time is the breakfast?

    Receptionist: Your breakfast is from seven to ten. Enjoy your stay!

    James: Thank you.

    10.Complete the dialogues.

    .


    11.Translate the sentences.

    .

    1. .

    ..................................................................................................................

    2. .

    ..................................................................................................................

    3. ?

    ..................................................................................................................

    4. ?

    ..................................................................................................................

    5. ?

    ..................................................................................................................

    6. , - .

    ..................................................................................................................

    7. .

    ..................................................................................................................

    8. ?

    ..................................................................................................................

    FOCUS ON GRAMMAR

    Language focus 1

    Passive Voice (Indefinite Tense)

    ( Indefinite)

    , , .

    :

    1955 .

    .

    .

    :

    +to be ( )+

    , by (by my mother, by them)

    Indefinite :

    .

    1.Give the following sentences in Russian.

    .

    1.Where was this book on cookery bought? ..............................................................

    2.This room will be booked for three nights. .............................................................

    3.I wasnt given the headphones. ...........................................................................

    4.This object is made of glass. ..............................................................................

    5.What are these things made of? ...........................................................................

    6.This watch isnt made of silver. ...........................................................................

    7.The box will be made of wood. ...........................................................................

    8.The sack wasnt carried on to the top floor. .............................................................

    9.The car was repaired by my friend. .......................................................................

    10.New houses will be built here in a year. ................................................................

    2.Ask questions and give negative answers

    3.Make up the sentences of your own using the Passive structures. Use the verbs given (their third form). Check the Irregular forms.

    . ( ). .

    4.Answer the questions.

    .

    1.What is your watch made of?

    2.When was your computer switched on?

    3.What clothes were worn by you yesterday?

    4.What is made of wood?

    5.How much water was drunk by you yesterday?

    6.What is usually eaten for breakfast in your family?

    7.What were you given for your last birthday?

    8.What vegetables are grown by your parents?

    9.How many letters will be written by you tomorrow?

    10.Who is your equipment repaired by?

    5.Give the following sentences in English.

    .

    1. .

    .............................................................................................

    2. ?

    .............................................................................................

    3. .

    .............................................................................................

    4. .

    .............................................................................................

    5. .

    .............................................................................................

    6. .

    .............................................................................................

    7. .

    .............................................................................................

    8. .

    .............................................................................................

    9. ?

    .............................................................................................

    10. .

    .............................................................................................

    Language focus 2

    Modal verbs

    6.Complete the sentences.

    .

    Should the clients.................................................?

    We are to............................................................

    They will have to...................................................

    Did you have to....................................................?

    They were to........................................................

    May I...............................................................?

    You shouldnt......................................................

    They wont be able to.............................................

    Could you..........................................................?

    You ought to.......................................................

    Is he to..............................................................?

    He had to............................................................

    We didnt have to..................................................

    Will they have to..................................................?

    You mustnt........................................................

    7.There is one mistake in each sentence. Find and correct it.

    .

    8.Answer the questions.

    .

    1.When do we have to turn down the lights?

    2.Should you store potatoes on the top floor?

    3.Why should you set the alarm clock?

    4.Will you have to use the bedside lights?

    5.When are you to order new machinery?

    6.What home equipment mustnt your children use?

    7.What will you have to do with a hole in the roof?

    8.Why did you have to buy a new coffee pot?

    9.Will you have to use flash memory tomorrow?

    10.What hotel rooms shouldnt you book?

    11.When will you be able to learn to cook?

    12.Could you move freely in the flow of traffic?

    9.Translate the sentences.

    .

    READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE

    1.Answer the questions.

    .

    1.What home equipment do you use most often?

    2.How does a mousetrap work?

    3.Which things in your flat are rectangular?

    4.Which things in your office work on electricity?

    5.Is there anything wrong with your office equipment?

    6.What is wrong with the home equipment?

    7.How can you book a hotel room?

    8.In which hotel did you last stay? Was it comfortable?

    9.Which type of accommodation do you prefer: bed and breakfast, full board, all inclusive? Why?

    10.What equipment do you normally find in a hotel?

    2.Read these sentences. Underline the words from the Active Vocabulary. Close your eyes. How many sentences can you recollect?

    . .

    1.Put these things into the middle drawer next to the coffee maker.

    2.Dont forget to switch off the lights.

    3.To take a photograph you should press the button on the right.

    4.Ill have to turn down the central heating.

    5.How does this fax machine work?

    6.There is a thermostat here on the wall.

    7.The grain will be stored on the top floor.

    8.The mill is powered by this device.

    9.What things are made from wood?

    10.The hotel room wasnt comfortable enough.

    3.Read the dialogues and try to learn them.

    .

    I

    Karl: Thank you very much for your help. I also want to give you these brochures for the meeting tomorrow morning.

    Julia: Thank you.

    Karl: And I have a present for you.

    Julia: A present? For me?

    Karl: Yes. Here it is.

    Julia: Whats this?

    Karl: Its a CD player. It has a radio, too.

    Julia: Thank you, Carl. And how does it work.

    Karl: Look there is a switch. It has two positions: one for the player, and one for the radio.

    Julia: Oh, Ive got it. And where do these headphones go?

    Karl: Here.

    Julia: I see.

    Karl: And I want to give you this CD about German cookery. Perhaps, youll like it.

    Julia: Thank you, Carl.

    II

    Rachel: Rita, could you help me? I dont know how this fax machine works.

    Rita: Its easy. Ill show you. First, put the letter in here. Like this. OK?

    Rachel: Yes.

    Rita: Next, press this button, the button with TEL.

    Rachel: Does it stand for telephone?

    Rita: Yes. Then, type in the fax number. What is it?

    Rachel: 0279450767.

    Rita: The, wait for the message on line. Here.

    Rachel: Yes.

    Rita: And thats it. Got it?

    Rachel: I think so. May I try now?

    Rita: Sure.

    4.Make up a dialogue putting the sentences in the right order.

    , . .

    Carl in the hotel

    7.Read this text.

    .

    A flour mill

    Mildred Cookson works as a miller at an old water mill on the Thames. This water mill was built two centuries ago, but it is still working. Here, the grain is turned into flour. And flour is used to make bread and cakes.

    Mildred is telling us how the mill works.

    The water mill is actually powered by this water wheel here. The river water flows and turns the wheel. The water wheel in turns moves all the machinery inside the mill.

    The grain is brought to the mill in sacks. Mildred has to get it up from the ground floor up into the roof. So, the grain is stored on the roof.

    Then, when the water wheel starts up, the grain flows down from the top floor to the stone floor. On the stone floor there are millstones, and the grain flows into the millstones.

    The set of millstones without the covering on involves the top stone that goes round and the bottom stone that doesnt move. The grain goes into the middle of the millstones, in between the top and the bottom ones. It is turned slowly into flour as it goes to the edge. Then, it is pushed down a hole in the floor down to the flour bags below.


    ASSIGNMENT 6

    LESSON 6

    PART 1

    Choose the correct word.

    .

    PART 2

    Find an extra word in each line.The first is done for you.

    . .

    PART 3

    Choose the correct variant.

    .

    LESSON 7. Getting around town


    LEAD-IN

    1.Answer the questions about yourself.

    .

    1.How often do you have to use public transport?

    2.Do you always travel using a map?

    3.Which places in your town do you most often go to?

    4.Is the public transport in your town quite good?

    5.What other kinds of transport do you sometimes have to use?

    6.How can you get to Moscow?

    7.How do you usually get to work?

    8.Why is underground very popular?

    9.Which is the most expensive town transport?

    10.How can you travel by sea?

    2.Make up small dialogues of your own. Keep to the topics given.

    , .

    A. You wanted to book a room in your town, but it is too expensive.

    B. You wanted to book a room, but you see it is not convenient enough.

    C. Book a double room for two nights, bed and breakfast.

    D. You want to find out how all the equipment in your room works (TV, lights, radio).

    3.Complete the dialogue. Use the phrases given.

    , .

    Where does this go?

    Do these go in there?

    What is it made of?

    How does it work?

    ............................................................................................................

    ............................................................................................................

    ............................................................................................................

    ............................................................................................................

    First, put in a CD.

    Next, switch on the player.

    Then, listen to music.

    Is that clear?

    Do you understand? Have you got it?

    ............................................................................................................

    ............................................................................................................

    ............................................................................................................

    ............................................................................................................

    Can I book a hotel room?

    Bed and breakfast only.

    Is the room comfortable?

    Can I pay by credit card?

    ............................................................................................................

    ............................................................................................................

    ............................................................................................................

    ............................................................................................................

    4.Give the sentences in English.

    .

    1. .

    .....................................................................................................................

    2. .

    .....................................................................................................................

    3. .

    .....................................................................................................................

    4. . .

    .....................................................................................................................

    5. .

    .....................................................................................................................

    6. .

    .....................................................................................................................

    7. .

    .....................................................................................................................

    FOCUS ON VOCABULARY

    Nouns

    1.fare ,

    What is the fare?

    2.canoe ,

    3.foot (30,48)

    4.line ,

    Underground line

    Hold the line

    5.mile

    English mile (1609)

    Admiralty mile (1853)

    6.stop

    The train goes through without a stop. .

    7.truck (Am)/lorry (Br)

    8.tube ; ; ( )

    9.section

    10.adult

    11.attraction ,

    12.interaction

    13.length (adj. long)

    Width (adj. wide)

    Depth (adj. deep)

    Height (adj. high)

    14.lock ();

    15.pensioner

    16.reduction ,

    Syn. Discount

    17.standard

    18.system

    19.tunnel

    20.change ,

    Adjectives

    1.attractive

    2.overland ()

    3.fantastic ,

    4.fascinating

    5.weekly

    Verbs

    1.to run , ;

    2.to stamp ,

    3.to take , ( )

    4.to change

    5.to keep ,

    6.to attract ; ()

    7.to get to

    Adverbs

    1.perhaps

    Perhaps, Ill go there. , .

    2.about

    It takes about 30 minutes. .

    3.almost

    4.everywhere

    Word Combinations

    1.every ten minutes

    2.get around

    3.get off the bus

    4.get on the train

    5.catch the bus ( )

    6.how far

    How far is it from here to the city centre?

    7.how long

    8.bus stop

    9.fresh air

    10.high summer

    11.in total

    12.speed limit

    1.Complete the sentences using the words from the Active Vocabulary.

    , .

    1.It was very difficult to......................................................................................

    2.We will have to.............................................................................................

    3.The buses here..............................................................................................

    4.The drivers should..........................................................................................

    5.I didnt have to..............................................................................................

    6.In London .....................................................................................................

    7.The main attraction here is................................................................................

    8.Last year I...................................................................................................

    9.They were going to........................................................................................

    10.It was the most.............................................................................................

    2.Match the word with the translation.

    .

    3.Complete the table with the words.

    .

    Pensioner, keep, everywhere, depth, wide, weekly, fare, tube, line, run, perhaps, almost, about, get to, fantastic, overland, catch, take, high, total.

    Write some sentences with four words (one adjective, one noun, one verb and one adverb) in one sentence.

    , , , .

    Example: Perhaps, all pensioners can get to this place in high summer.

    1..........................................................................................................

    2..........................................................................................................

    3..........................................................................................................

    4..........................................................................................................

    5..........................................................................................................

    4.Translate into English.

    .

    Language focus 1

    Using the transport

    5.Speak about the public transport in your town.

    Say

    a)what buses run there, where you can get to, how long it usually takes, how much the fares are, where the journeys make their way;

    b)where the trains run, how far and how long hey run, what the fares are, if there are reductions, if the journey overland is fascinating;

    c)if there are other kinds of transport.

    ....................................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................

    6.Draw the scheme of Moscow/St.Petersburg/Nizhniy Novgorod/etc. Underground System. Speak about different lines. Say how you can get to the best shops, restaurants, picture galleries, etc.

    / - / , .. , , , ...

    ....................................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................................

    7.Write the questions to the answers given.

    .

    Language focus 2

    Showing the way

    -

    8.Read the dialogues. Fill in the missing words taking them from the Word Box.

    . .

    A. Excuse me. Could you...................me the way to the ....................Post Office?

    B. Yes, of course. Go...................on. Then ...................left.

    A. Thank you. How...................is it?

    B. It is not far. .....................a mile. But you can take a bus.

    A. How...................does the bus....................?

    B. Every five......................

    A. How..................will it..................me to get to the bus stop?

    B. A minute. We are standing.................it.

    A. Will I have to....................the road?

    B. Yes. Hurry up! The bus is.....................

    A. Excuse me. Is..............a restaurant near here?

    B. Not near here. But theres a good one in Penn Road?

    A. How do I.................to Penn Road?

    B. You can go............bus or you may..................

    A. Is it...................from here?

    B. No. But you can easily lose your ................

    A. But could you tell me the way there?

    B. Certainly. Go straight.................. Youll come to some.................... Youll ..............to turn..................

    Walk................. Denver Street ..................to the crossroads. Take the second...................on the right and...

    A. Oh, I see. It is too difficult. You see, I am a ................here. And what bus will take me there?

    B. .................bus.

    9.Make up word combinations.

    .

    FOCUS ON GRAMMAR

    Language focus 1

    The Passive Voice (More practice)

    ( )

    1.Make up Passive sentences using the following Irregular verbs. Check for their forms.

    , . .

    2.There is one mistake in each sentence. Find and correct it.

    .

    3.Translate the sentences.

    .

    1. .

    ..................................................................................................................

    2. ?

    ..................................................................................................................

    3. .

    ..................................................................................................................

    4. .

    ..................................................................................................................

    5. .

    ..................................................................................................................

    6. ?

    ..................................................................................................................

    7. ?

    ..................................................................................................................

    8. .

    ..................................................................................................................

    Language focus 2

    The Gerund

    . , ?, , walking, driving, taking. ,

    , , :

    I like driving. (?) .

    He is fond of swimming. .

    We are keen on reading. .

    I am bored with talking to him. / .

    He enjoys skating. .

    She hates cooking dinner. .

    , , . , ( ).

    avoid

    He avoids meeting him.

    continue

    He should continue working here.

    finish

    He finished reading when he saw me.

    start

    She started cooking at 10 oclock.

    thank for

    He thanked me for doing this job.

    be proud of

    He is proud of doing it well.

    afford ()

    I cant afford buying a car.

    be tired of

    He was tired of swimming.

    give up (, )

    He gave up learning English.

    be engaged in (-)

    He is engaged in drawing.

    apologize for

    He apologized for smoking there.

    spend time/money on/in /

    You shouldnt spend time on looking for him.

    object to

    He objected to my going there.

    be accused of

    He was accused of killing him.

    be worth (while)

    This book is worth (while) reading.

    be afraid of

    He was afraid of losing her.

    4.Answer the questions.

    .


    5.Complete the sentences.

    .

    He enjoys.......................................................................

    We are fond of.................................................................

    He objects to...................................................................

    He is never tired of............................................................

    He was accused of.............................................................

    He couldnt give up............................................................

    He tries to avoid................................................................

    Thank you for..................................................................

    It is worth.......................................................................

    I cant afford...................................................................

    He started.....................................................................

    She was proud of.............................................................

    I wanted to continue.........................................................

    She is keen on................................................................

    They were afraid of..........................................................

    He isnt engaged in..........................................................

    6.Make up the sentences of your own using the following Gerunds.

    , .


    7.Give the sentences in English.

    .

    READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE

    1.Answer the questions.

    .

    1.Why do we sometimes avoid using public transport?

    2.Why do we sometimes give up driving in the city centre?

    3.Which is the best way to get around your town?

    4.Which is the bus/taxi/train fare?

    5.Do you have to change when you are going to work?

    6.Which places in your town can you call fascinating? Why?

    7.Why can your town attract visitors?

    8.Do bus drivers sell tickets?

    9.Do buses in your town usually run on time?

    10.Why are we sometimes tired of driving?

    2.Agree or disagree. Explain your ideas.

    . .

    1.People usually prefer travelling by train to travelling by plain.

    2.Public transport is always packed.

    3.We have to buy our bus tickets in a shop.

    4.A weekly ticket is cheaper than a one-day ticket.

    5.Going by an overland train is faster than by tube.

    6.It isnt worth while driving in the town centre.

    7.There are now shopping centres not far from peoples home.

    8.When people go to the theatre they try not to use public transport.

    9.There is no way that people can get any reductions.

    10.Bus drivers stop the bus only at the bus stops.

    3.Order and read the dialogue. Try to learn it.

    . .


    4.Match the questions to the answers.

    .


    5.Read the dialogue. Try to learn it.

    .

    Karl: How do we get to the museum?

    Julia: First we go by bus and then we go by tube.

    Karl: Tube? Whats that? You buy toothpaste in tubes.

    Julia: The tube is another word for the underground.

    Karl: Oh, I see. How far is it from the station to the museum?

    Julia: Oh, not far. Half a kilometer.

    Karl: And how long does it take?

    Julia: From Holborn Station?

    Karl: No, from here. The whole journey.

    Julia: About three quarters of an hour.

    Karl: In Munich I go everywhere by tram Are there trams in London?

    Julia: No. My grandmother told me that there were trams when she was young. But not now. I dont know why.

    Karl: How often do these buses run?

    Julia: Every ten minutes.

    Karl: But you said it ten minutes ago. Come on, Julia. Lets get a taxi.

    Julia: Karl, taxis are expensive.

    Karl: But its not far to the hotel. It wont cost much.

    6.Read this text.

    .

    Paul Moneys Canal Boat

    Paul Money has a canal boat. He takes passengers and shows them the canal and its attractions.

    They go from Little Venice down to Hampstead Road Lock. The journey down to Hampstead Road Lock is a distance of about two and a half miles, so thats five miles in total. And the return journey takes one and a half hours.

    The journey goes through the tunnel under Maida Hill, which is about 250 metres long. By canal standards its quite short, its one of the shorter tunnels on the system. Some tunnels go as much as three miles in length.

    The fastest that the boat travels is about four and three quarter miles an hour, but the speed limit is actually four miles an hour. The journey makes its way around the north-west edge of Regents Park through the London Zoo. The passengers are always attracted by the animals and birds living here.

    In the high summer they make four trips a day. The return fare for an adult is four pounds fifty, or a single fare three pounds fifty. Then there are reductions for children and pensioners.

    Complete the sentences.

    .

    1.The distance between Little Venice and Hampstead Road Lock is................................

    2.The way there and back takes about...................................................................

    3.The main attractions on the way are...................................................................

    4.Thee tunnel is............................................................................................

    5.The speed limit on the canal is........................................................................

    6.The return fare for an adult is..........................................................................


    ASSIGNMENT 7

    LESSON 7

    PART 1

    Find an extra word in each line.The first is done for you.

    . .

    PART 2

    Choose the correct word.

    .

    PART 3

    Ask Questions. Start them with the words given.

    , .

    PART 4

    Translate the sentences.

    .

    LESSON 8. You and your body


    LEAD-IN

    1.Answer the questions about yourself.

    .

    1.How do you prefer to keep fit?

    2.What do you usually do to relax?

    3.What kinds of sport do you do?

    4.What kinds of sport did you do 10/15/20 years ago? Why dont you do them now?

    5.Why is it important to go in for sport?

    6.What kinds of sport do you avoid and why?

    7.Which kinds of sport are popular at the moment and why?

    8.Do you sometimes spend your weekend on going fishing/boating/rafting, etc.?

    9.Do you prevent your children from doing some sports? Why?

    10.How much do you usually spend on your sport activities?

    2.Complete the sentences. Speak about your sport activities. Refer to the kinds of sport given below.

    . , .. .. . . , . .

    Bicycle riding/cycling, outdoor games (football, volleyball, mini-ball, golf, cricket, etc.), boating, rafting, dancing, athletics, aerobics, shaping, body-building, wrestling, water-polo, swimming, sailing, boxing, running, high/long jump

    1.I usually avoid .......................................................because...............................

    2.I am proud of doing.................................................because................................

    3.My son gave up...................................................because..................................

    4.I cant help doing................................................because...................................

    5.I had to...........................................................and it.......................................

    6.I am tired of....................................................as it..........................................

    7.My wife is very much fond of...............................as it..........................................

    8.My son is bored with........................................as..............................................

    9.It is worth while doing.......................................as.............................................

    10.I think I wont be able to...................................as.............................................

    3.Make up correct questions.

    .

    1.I was proud of attracting her attention.

    Why.....................................................................................

    2.It took me three months to learn to cycle.

    How long...................................................................................

    3.I will have to get off at the next stop.

    Why.......................................................................................

    4.I thanked him for paying for my sport lesson.

    Whom.....................................................................................

    5.He was engaged in doing athletics.

    Why.....................................................................................

    6.I cant afford doing sailing as it is very expensive.

    What.......................................................................................

    7.He will be bored with doing nothing.

    Who.....................................................................................

    8.She apologized for running badly.

    When.........................................................................................

    9.I cant help buying a weekly ticket.

    Why.....................................................................................

    10.In total I had to change three times.

    Where......................................................................................

    4.Make up two stories about some sport activities people do/did. Use all the words given below.

    , - . .

    Story One

    Attraction, be bored with, reduction, truck, be interested in, keep, in total, cycling, fascinating, apologize for, start, fresh air, adult, prevent from

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    Story Two

    High summer, length, canoe, be accused of, be proud of, afford, section, depth, speed limit, overland, lock, give up, object to

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    FOCUS ON VOCABULARY

    Nouns

    1.agreement c,

    2.discussion

    3.suggestion

    To make a suggestion

    4.reason for -

    5.majority

    6.welfare

    7.education

    Primary/secondary/high education //

    8.item (), ( )

    9.purse/wallet /

    10.ache

    11.stomachache/toothache/headache //

    12.temperature

    To take ones temperature

    13.shoulder

    Shoulder length

    14.support

    Friendly support

    15.solution

    Problem solution

    16.accident

    17.pain ()

    18.ambulance /

    19.barrier

    20.emotion ,

    21.isolation ,

    22.stamina ,

    23.strength ,

    24.waist

    25.wrist

    Adjectives

    1.still ,

    2.ill

    to be ill/to fall ill /

    3.tight ,

    4.careful

    5.crucial ,

    6.mobile ,

    7.noisy

    8.quiet

    9.dirty

    Verbs

    1.to measure

    2.to remain

    3.to fall

    to fall down

    4.to win ,

    5.to worry ()

    6.to cut ,

    7.to lose ,

    8.to receive

    Adverbs

    1.freely

    2.relatively

    relatively difficult

    Word Combinations

    1.first course

    2.fresh herbs

    3.a long way from

    4.set off for -

    5.horse-riding

    6.whats the matter ,

    7.for instance

    8.hurt ones feelings -

    9.look out ,

    10.be in somebodys shoes , -

    1.Match the word with the translation.

    .

    2.Make word combinations.

    .

    3.Answer the questions. In each of your answers there must be two words from the Active Vocabulary.

    , .

    1.Do you feel any pain?

    ................................................................................................................

    2.What will you have for dinner?

    ................................................................................................................

    3.Can you live in isolation?

    ................................................................................................................

    4.Where does it hurt?

    ................................................................................................................

    5.Did you have an accident?

    ................................................................................................................

    6.Whats the matter?

    ................................................................................................................

    7.When did you fall ill?

    ................................................................................................................

    8.Where are the majority of your colleagues now?

    ................................................................................................................

    4.Translate into English.

    .

    Language focus 1

    Describing things.

    .

    5.Read and choose the correct question.

    .

    6.Answer the questions.

    .

    1.How big is your desk?

    .............................................................................................

    2.What is your favourite sweater made of?

    ..............................................................................................

    3.What is your watch like?

    ..............................................................................................

    4.What shape is the looking glass in the bathroom?

    ..............................................................................................

    5.How high is the wardrobe in your bedroom?

    .............................................................................................

    6.What are the majority of the houses in your street made of?

    .............................................................................................

    7.What is your flat like?

    .............................................................................................

    8.How wide is your desk?

    .............................................................................................

    9.How long is the longest river in Russia?

    .............................................................................................

    10.What do you think of your new computer?

    .............................................................................................

    7.Describe the following objects.

    .

    How big is it? How high is it? How wide is it? How long is it? What is it like? What colour is it? What is it made of?

    What shape is it? What do you think of it?

    Language focus 2

    Some Linking words

    -

    - (, but, and) , .

    :

    8.Read the sentences and give their translation.

    .

    1.Lisa didnt support her. As a result, she had no time to cater for her family welfare.

    ................................................................................................................

    2.As opposed to Jane, Jack made a good suggestion.

    ................................................................................................................

    3.In spite of the fact that the desk was 1 metre wide and made of wood we decided to buy it.

    ................................................................................................................

    4.He measured the carpet, but then he lost this information.

    ................................................................................................................

    5.In order to win the game she had to be very mobile and careful.

    ................................................................................................................

    6.My stamina is down. Besides, I wont be able to live in isolation.

    ................................................................................................................

    7.As I worried a lot about his health, I decided to call the ambulance.

    ................................................................................................................

    8.My shoes were too tight. Thats why my feet hurt.

    ................................................................................................................

    9.Whats the matter? You look awful!

    To begin with, I lost my wallet. Besides, I fell down and hurt my leg.

    ................................................................................................................

    10.Look out! He wanted to come to an agreement with you. However, he remains silent.

    ................................................................................................................

    9.Make up sentences using the following words. Use the Linking words given below.

    , . -, .

    As a result, however, as opposed to, besides, in spite of the fact that, as, to begin with, in comparison with,

    on the one hand/on the other hand, then, so, in order to

    FOCUS ON GRAMMAR

    Language focus 1

    The Present Perfect Tense

    , . .

    ,

    .

    ?

    , , ( yesterday, two days ago, last year, in 1998). , .

    ,

    . I lost my wallet two months ago.

    ? Who ate my cake yesterday?

    :

    Never

    Ever - ( )

    Already ( )

    Yet / ( )

    Just

    Recently

    Lately

    This year/month/morning ( , )

    :

    Have/has+3-

    3- (to play-played-played). 3-

    I have never seen tigers.Ive never seen tigers.

    He has just visited India. Hes just visited India.

    Have you ever been to the Zoo?

    I havent ever cooked pizza./I have never cooked pizza.

    I havent measured this table yet.

    He has recently won the prize. Hes recently won the prize.

    I havent read anything lately.

    This evening I have cooked a delicious dinner. This evening Ive cooked a delicious dinner.

    Present Perfect Tense.

    1.Use the correct form of the verb in the Present Perfect Tense.

    Present Perfect.

    1.He has never (to be)......................to the United States.

    2.Have you (to see).......................our new catalogue yet?

    3.I have just (to receive)........................your postcard.

    4.He has just (to break)..........................the new equipment.

    5.They have already (to win).......................this important prize.

    6.He hasnt ever (to take)...........................any books from the library.

    7.Have you (to call)........................your mother yet?

    8.I havent (to send)..........................the post yet.

    9.They havent (to tell).......................me about the accident yet.

    10.Who has recently (to take).....................her home?

    11.We have already (to discuss)........................all these reasons.

    12.Have you ever (to work)...........................on a farm?

    13.I havent ever (to lose)............................anything important.

    14.I have just (to change)...........................my diet.

    15.This year I have (to get)........................a reduction.

    16.He has never (to drive).........................a truck.

    17.This month we have (to hire).......................three new workers.

    18.He hasnt (to reduce)...........................speed yet.

    19.I have already (to deal).........................with people of numerous walks of life.

    20.Has your mother ever (to allow).........................you to walk late?

    2.Translate the sentences. Use the Present Perfect Tense.

    , .

    1. .

    ..................................................................................................................

    2. .

    ..................................................................................................................

    3. .

    ..................................................................................................................

    4. .

    ..................................................................................................................

    5. - ?

    ..................................................................................................................

    6. .

    ..................................................................................................................

    7. .

    ..................................................................................................................

    8. ?

    ..................................................................................................................

    3.Answer the questions.

    .

    4.Make up the sentences of your own with the irregular verbs given. Use the Present Perfect Tense.

    .

    Language focus 2

    Absolute Pronouns

    . +. .

    ,

    This is my chair. ( +) .

    This chair is mine. ( ) .

    .

    That is my desk. That desk is mine.

    It is your purse. It is yours.

    Her house is big. But hers is bigger.

    That is his friend. That friend is his./That is a friend of his.

    Our umbrella is unusual. Ours is usual.

    This is your passport. This is yours.

    Their suggestion is good. Theirs is good.

    5.Change the sentences. Use the example given.

    , .

    : This purse belongs to me.

    Its mine.

    6.Complete the sentences. Use the following example.

    .

    :

    My wallet is in the pocket. But yours is in the car.

    7.Give the sentences in English.

    .

    8.Find a mistake in each of the sentences.

    .

    READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE

    1.Answer the questions.

    .

    1.Why are stamina and strength very important for peoples lives?

    2.What do you do in order to avoid falling ill?

    3.Have you ever broken anything (your leg or arm)?

    4.What should you do in order to make your body mobile?

    5.Why do people sometimes have headache/stomachache/toothache?

    6.Why do people sometimes have to call the ambulance?

    7.Which sports help us to make the body stronger and more mobile?

    8.Can you recollect the most awful accident you have ever met with?

    9.When did you fall ill last time? What illness was it?

    10.Which sport prizes have you ever received?

    2.Now write and speak about these people. Use the Linking words given.

    . -.

    On the one hand/on the other hand, besides, however, in spite of the fact that, in comparison with,

    as opposed to, to begin with, as a result, so, then.

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    ...............................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    3.Complete the sentences. Try to use the words from the Active Vocabulary.

    , .

    1.You should measure your desk as.......................................................................

    2.On the one hand, he has never lost, but.................................................................

    3.He has received lots of medals. Besides,...............................................................

    4.In comparison with her feelings.........................................................................

    5.My shoes are too tight. However,.......................................................................

    6.In spite of the fact that she worries about me,.........................................................

    7.He has just cut his fingers. We should..................................................................

    8.Whats the matter? We have just........................................................................

    9.His wallet is rectangular, but mine......................................................................

    10.His friends have always supported me, but hers.....................................................

    4.Read the dialogue and fill in the missing information.

    .

    Julia: James, what are you doing?

    James: Im measuring my desk?

    Julia: Why?

    James: .................................................................................

    Julia: And how big is your desk?

    James: .................................................................................

    Julia: And the one in the catalogue you are going to buy?

    James: .................................................................................

    Julia: Whats it made of?

    James: .................................................................................

    Julia: Whats it like?

    James: .................................................................................

    Well, have a look at it. What do you think of it?

    Julia: ...................................................................................

    James: Yes, I quite agree.

    5.Write in the missing words. Then learn the dialogue.

    . .

    Has, matter, look out, be careful, better, get up, headache, careful, broken, worry, fell, hospital, doesnt, feel, hurts, gone, stomachache

    Mother: Come on, John. Time to ....................................

    Son: I dont..............................well.

    Mother: Oh, dear. Whats the................................?

    Son: I have a................................. And my arm........................... And I have ............................... .................................., Mum! Be......................... Dont sit there.

    Mother: Why not?

    Son: I..........................out of bed last night. Ive.......................my leg, I think.

    Mother: Oh, dear. You should go to.....................................

    Son: No, Ill be all right. But I cant go to school today.

    Mother: Dont........................... John. You can stay in bed all day. Today is Saturday. There is no school today................................., John!

    Son: Its all right, Mum. My headache....................gone. My arm........................hurt. My stomachache has.......................... And my leg is........................... I think Ill get up now.

    6.Read the dialogue and try to learn it.

    .

    Rachel: Ive done it! Ive done it!

    Julia: What is it?

    Rachel: I have just won a holiday. For two. To Italy!

    Julia: Rachel, look out!.......Are you all right? Are you OK?

    Rachel: I dont know. Ive broken my leg, I think.

    Julia: Now, dont worry. Which leg is it?

    Rachel: This one.

    Julia: And where does it hurt?

    Rachel: There.

    Tom: What has happened?

    Julia: Its Rachel. She has hurt herself. Has she broken anything?

    Tom: Im not sure. I dont think so. But dont move her. She should go to hospital. Ill call an ambulance.

    (after an hour) Rachel has hurt her leg but she hasnt broken it.

    7.Read this text.

    .

    A Dance Class

    Mary Evelin teaches dancing in the London School of contemporary dance. She is very much interested in studying the human body and the way it moves. It is relatively difficult as it takes a lot of her time and energy. The majority of her students have already won lots of prizes in their dancing career.

    Mary has always loved to watch dancing. She finds it fascinating because it is something which crosses all barriers. It is often called the language of dance. It is a way of communicating emotion or feelings, stories without having to use words.

    She thinks that strength is very important to the dancer and stamina. Dancers have a lot of work to do in order to make their body mobile. Thats to make the arms, the legs, the head move freely, and to have control over the different parts of the body. Isolation in dance is very important. It is crucial that the dancer learns to use all the different parts of the body in separation from each other. So that, for instance when the whole of the body is still, they could move just a hand from the wrist, or just a head, just a shoulder. Each part of the body must be mobile.

    A. Retell the text.

    .

    B. Complete the sentences.

    .

    In spite of the fact that Mary likes dancing, she......................................................

    Dancing takes a lot of her time. Besides,...............................................................

    In comparison with........................, dancing.....................................................

    She is a very good teacher, as she.......................................................................

    She has already practiced a lot, so she..................................................................

    On the one hand, dancers have to make their body mobile, but on the other hand................

    ...............................................................................................................

    Dancing is very difficult. But however,................................................................

    C. Ask five questions about the text.

    .

    D. Answer the questions.

    .

    1.How does Mary study the human body?

    2.Why does she love dancing?

    3.Have her students become good dancers yet?

    4.What is the language of dance?

    5.What is very important for the dancer to be able to do?

    6.Why is isolation in dance very important?

    ASSIGNMENT 8

    LESSON 8

    PART 1

    Choose the correct word.

    .

    PART 2

    Find a mistake in each line. The first is done for you.

    . .

    PART 3

    Translate the sentences.

    .

    PART 4

    Choose the right question.

    .

    LESSON 9. Things going wrong


    LEAD-IN

    1.Answer the questions about yourself.

    .

    1.Why do you sometimes have problems at work?

    2.Who helps you to deal with problems at work?

    3.Have you ever had to change jobs? Why?

    4.Have you ever met with an accident?

    5.Have you ever lost anything important?

    6.What problems at home do you sometimes have?

    7.How do you deal with these problems?

    8.Why do we sometimes lose self-control when we deal with problems?

    9.What do you feel when you are late?

    10.Do you remember any serious problems you have had to deal with?

    2.Say what you have done in your life and what you havent.

    , , .

    To have an accident, to lose a wallet, to repair cars, to live in Spain, to have a wife/husband, to win a holiday, to break a leg, to buy tight shoes, to live in the countryside, to be to the British Museum, to travel by canal boat, to stay in a hotel, deal with people from numerous walks of life, to receive a letter from Britain, to cut a finger, to call an ambulance.


    3.Make up correct sentences.

    .

    1.never/he/communicated/foreigners/has/with.

    .....................................................................................

    2.you/ever/broken/leg/your/have?

    ......................................................................................

    3.recently/have/I/had/call/an/to/ambulance.

    ......................................................................................

    4.problems/you/ever/what/had/your/life/in/have?

    .....................................................................................

    5.a/Rita/won/holiday/two/to/Italy/has/just/for.

    .....................................................................................

    6.never/bought/made/gold/he/has/a/of/watch.

    .......................................................................................

    7.hasnt/my/measured/her/pressure/grandmother/lately.

    .....................................................................................

    8.been/European/you/have/any/country/ever/to?

    ......................................................................................

    4.Speak about your life. Use the verbs given. Use the adverbs given below.

    . . .

    Already, never, lately, recently, just, this year, this month, this morning

    To see, to visit, to play, to feel, to receive, to win, to break, to cook, to measure, to worry, to hear, fall down, to solve, to discuss, to change, to touch, to store, to hire, allow, to overtake, to advise, to hurry, to deal with, to offer

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    FOCUS ON VOCABULARY

    Nouns

    1.situation ,

    2.luck

    Good luck

    No luck

    3.truth

    To tell the truth

    4.accident

    To meet with an accident

    5.reportage

    6.mind

    To change ones mind

    7.brakes

    8.cause

    9.briefcase

    10.blanket

    11.engine ,

    12.neighbour

    13.report ,

    To make a report

    14.wedding

    Wedding party

    15.fire ,

    To catch fire

    16.invitation

    To receive an invitation

    17.reception

    18.speech

    To make a speech

    19.fortune , ,

    To tell the fortune

    20.cloud ,

    A cloud on ones happiness , -

    21.shot , ( )

    22.photographer

    23.sky

    24.attic

    Adjectives

    1.grateful

    2.serious

    3.wooden

    4.individual ,

    5.lucky

    6.unlucky ,

    7.narrow

    Verbs

    1.to remember

    2.to memorize

    3.to recollect

    4.to burn (burnt, burnt) ,

    5.to climb ,

    6.to catch (caught, caught) ,

    7.to drop

    8.to fill

    9.to grab

    10.to hang (hung, hung)

    11.to snatch ,

    12.to splutter , ( )

    13.to go wrong

    14.to expect

    15.to find

    to find out/to discover ,

    Adverbs

    1.fortunately

    2.unfortunately

    3.for/since /

    Word Combinations

    1.wedding ring

    2.rear lights ()

    3.to look around

    4.towards the fire

    5.to fight an attic fire

    6.to make entry into the house

    7.to back out

    8.to come down the stairs

    8.a case in point

    1.Match the word with the translation.

    .


    2.Make word combinations.

    .


    3.Give explanation. What do these words and word combinations mean?

    .

    Example: a professional shot

    It is a shot made by a professional photographer.

    1.to catch fire

    ................................................................................................................

    2.a cloud on ones happiness

    ................................................................................................................

    3.a case in point

    ................................................................................................................

    4.to meet with an accident

    ................................................................................................................

    5.to change ones mind

    ................................................................................................................

    6.fortune

    ................................................................................................................

    7.neighbour

    ................................................................................................................

    8.brakes

    ................................................................................................................

    4.Translate into English.

    .


    5.Make up the sentences of your own using the following words.

    , .


    1.unfortunately, neighbour, report

    ................................................................................................................

    2.accident, catch, serious

    ................................................................................................................

    3.splutter, climb

    ................................................................................................................

    4.find out, change my mind

    ................................................................................................................

    5.recollect, invitation, drop

    ................................................................................................................

    6.towards, burn

    ................................................................................................................

    7.memorize, engine

    ................................................................................................................

    8.entry, cause

    ................................................................................................................


    Language focus 1

    The Use of Articles

    (a/an) :

    1. - , .

    Please, give me a cassette.

    2. (any) .

    A child should study well.

    3. , .

    My friend is an engineer.

    4. one.

    I have bought an apple today.

    : music, paper, weather, hair, money, knowledge, advice, news, traffic, luggage, information, water, etc.

    (the) :

    1. , , , .

    Please, give me the book you have bought today.

    2. , .

    Measure the desk, please.

    3. .

    We have just received a telegramme. The telegramme was extremely important.

    4. .

    The Earth goes round the Sun.

    The captain must be on deck.

    6.Fill in the correct articles where necessary.

    , .

    1.We have just received............invitation. .........is rather unexpected.

    2.My father is........photographer.

    3..........photographer should use.......professional equipment.

    4.Please, give me.......briefcase you have just measured.

    5.........advice you gave me was very important.

    6........director signs all the important reports.

    7.Dont come close to........fire which is burning there.

    8.This month I have bought........mobile phone. .........phone is rather expensive.

    9.........Moon is smaller than .......Earth.

    10.Could you give me ........pen, please?

    7.Complete the sentences.

    .

    Show me the........................................................................................

    I am writing a.......................................................................................

    My neighbour is a..................................................................................

    Dont touch the....................................................................................

    A.....................................................................................................

    Please, take the.....................................................................................

    The...................................................................................................

    8.There are five mistakes in these sentences. Find and correct them.

    .

    1.The reception was very nice. I met a colleagues. The colleagues told me about a wedding of their manager which happened last month.

    2.I have got a neighbour. The neighbour has a serious illness.

    3.My father is a firefighter. He climbs the houses to fight different fires.

    4.I have just received a new information about the car engine.

    5.Bentley and I have already bought wedding rings. The rings are made of gold.

    6.My father fell asleep and dropped a book.

    7.Last year we bought wooden furniture for the kitchen.

    Language focus 2

    The Use of Article the with Geographical names

    1. , ,

    The Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the River Amazon, the Mediterranean Sea, the Nile, The Red Sea, the Suez Canal.

    2. , , , .

    The Bahamas, the British Isles, the Alps, the Andes, the Rocky Mountains, the Netherlands, the Philippines, the United States.

    3. , : /i>Republic, Kingdom, States, etc.

    The United Kingdom (the UK), the Dominican Republic.

    4. , , , , , ...of....

    The Station Hotel, the Bombay Restaurant, the Palace Theatre, the Odeon (Cinema), the British Museum, the Tate Gallery

    The Bank of England, the Houses of Parliament, the Gulf of Mexico, the Great Wall of China.

    1. , , , , , .

    Africa, Europe, South America, France, Japan, Texas, Cornwall, Corsica, Sicily, Cairo, New York, Everest, Kilimanjaro.

    2. , , , .

    Fifth Avenue, Broadway, Times Square, Hyde Park.

    3. , () .

    Victoria Station, St Pauls Cathedral.

    4. .

    Fiat, Sony, Kodak, British Airways.

    5. , Mount Lake.

    Mount Everest (the Everest), Lake Baikal (the Baikal).

    9.Fill in the article where necessary.

    , .

    1.......Everest was first climbed in 1953.

    2....... Africa is much larger than.......Europe.

    3.Milan is in........north of......... Italy.

    4.........Hyde Park is a large park in......... London.

    5.We flew to ...... Moscow from........ Kennedy Airport.

    6.You should go to........ Science Museum.

    7.Have you ever been to.......British Museum?

    8........United Kingdom consists of .......Great Britain and........ Northern Island.

    9........Chicago is on.......Lake Michigan.

    10.Next year we are going skiing in......Swiss Alps.

    11.Last year I visited ...... Mexico and.......United States.

    12.......River Volga flows into...... Caspian Sea.

    13.We decided to go camping to..... Lake Superior.

    14....... Seychelles are a group of islands in...... Indian Ocean.

    15.There are a lot of resorts in..... Mediterranean.

    16.......Grand Hotel is in ...... Baker Street.

    17.John is working for.....IBM now. He has stopped working for......British Telecom.

    18.Id like to go to..... China and see......Great Wall of...... China.

    19.We are going to the cinema tonight, to.......Classic.

    20.When we were in...... Egypt, we went to...... Sahara Desert.

    10.Make up 10 sentences about your life. Take the words.

    10 . .

    The Bolshoi Theatre, the Museum of Modern Art, Turkey, Sony, Trafalgar Square, the Red Sea, Lake Baikal, the north of Russia, the Nile, the Caspian Sea, London

    ................................................................................................................

    ................................................................................................................

    ................................................................................................................

    ................................................................................................................

    ................................................................................................................

    ................................................................................................................

    ................................................................................................................

    ................................................................................................................

    ................................................................................................................

    ................................................................................................................

    FOCUS ON GRAMMAR

    Language focus 1

    The Present Perfect Tense (more practice)

    ( )

    , for since.

    He has lived here for 5 years. () 5 .

    He has lived here since 2001. 2001 .

    :

    How long has he lived here? () ?

    , :

    Last year, last month, three years ago, in the past, at 6 oclock, When.

    He finished his work at 5.

    He lived here 5 years ago.

    When did he measure the desk?

    this morning, this evening, today, , .

    He has drunk three cups of tea this morning. ( )

    He drank three cups of tea this morning. (, )

    1.Put these sentences into the Present Perfect and Past Simple Tenses

    .


    2.Ask How long questions.

    , How long.

    1.My brother has lived in Sweden since 1876.

    ...............................................................................................?

    2.He has taken photos since he left school..

    ..............................................................................................?

    3.Everything has been wrong for 5 years.

    ...............................................................................................?

    4.They have loved each other for two years.

    ..............................................................................................?

    5.Her neighbour has worked for this company since he got a diploma.

    ..............................................................................................?

    6.Denis Shevchuk has repaired the car brakes since early morning.

    ..............................................................................................?

    7.They have been the cause of her illness for the last 2 years.

    ..............................................................................................?

    3.Answer the questions. Use since and for each time.

    , since for .

    1.How long have you known your neighbours?

    ......................................................................................................

    ......................................................................................................

    2.How long has he lived in this wooden house?

    ......................................................................................................

    ......................................................................................................

    3.How long have you worked for the same company?

    ......................................................................................................

    ......................................................................................................

    4.How long have you had your wedding ring?

    ......................................................................................................

    ......................................................................................................

    5.How long have you been a serious person?

    ......................................................................................................

    ......................................................................................................

    6.How long has he had good luck?

    ......................................................................................................

    ......................................................................................................

    7.How long has he expected her to come?

    ......................................................................................................

    ......................................................................................................

    8.How long have you been a photographer?

    ......................................................................................................

    ......................................................................................................

    4.Fill in the correct verb form (Past Simple or Present Perfect).

    ( ).

    1.The scientists (to discover).............................this island this year.

    2.When (to receive)...................they.....................this invitation card?

    3.How long (to be)...................he.....................in this situation?

    4.He (to tell)........................never....................me about this case in point.

    5.This summer we (to decide)..............................to organize a reception.

    6.The wooden house (to burn)..................already..................completely.

    7. (to be)...............he ever.....................to that far-away country?

    8.They (to know).................................about his report since Monday.

    9.I have no money. I (to spend)..............................it.

    10.The house has caught fire.

    When (to happen).............it............................?

    Language focus 2

    Conditional sentences of Type I

    , , . if.

    (1 ), (2 ), (3 ).

    , ( if) .

    ,

    , .

    If you tell him about it, Ill never come to see you again

    , .

    If he doesnt buy wedding rings, Ill have to do it myself.

    , , when, as soon as ( ), before, after.

    , .

    When he comes, give him my report.

    , .

    Go towards the house as soon as it starts raining.

    , .

    Before you climb the stairs to the attic, close the door.

    5.Complete the sentences.

    .

    1.If he looks around,.....................................................................

    2.If he drops the book,...................................................................

    3.If it causes me a lot of problems,.....................................................

    4.Hell burn all the documents if........................................................

    5.Youll catch a cold if...................................................................

    6.If he loses his wedding ring,...........................................................

    7.I wont be able to recollect this information if......................................

    8.If she hurts her leg,.....................................................................

    9.If he meets with an accident,..........................................................

    10.If he doesnt repair the rear lights,..................................................

    6.Answer the questions.

    .

    1.What will you do if you lose your documents?

    2.What will you do if you meet with a car accident?

    3.What will you do if your neighbours listen to loud music?

    4.What will you do if your house catches fire?

    5.How will you help your cat if she climbs a tree?

    6.How will you feel if everything goes wrong?

    7.Will you be able to sleep without a blanket if it is cold?

    8.If you have a wedding party, who will you send invitations to?

    9.What will you tell your husband if he loses his wedding ring?

    10.What will you do if your car brakes dont work?

    7.Continue the story.

    .

    A.

    If I win a lot of money, Ill....................................................................

    If I.............................., .................................................................

    ....................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................

    B.

    If I meet a very handsome and intelligent man, Ill.......................................

    If I.............................., .................................................................

    ....................................................................................................

    ....................................................................................................

    ...................................................................................................

    8.Translate into English.

    .

    1. , .

    .............................................................................................................

    2. , .

    .............................................................................................................

    3. , .

    .............................................................................................................

    4. , .

    .............................................................................................................

    5. , , .

    .............................................................................................................

    6. , .

    .............................................................................................................

    7. , .

    .............................................................................................................

    8. , .

    .............................................................................................................

    9. , .

    .............................................................................................................

    10. , .

    .............................................................................................................

    READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE

    1.Answer the questions.

    .

    1.Has your life changed to the worse or to the better since last year?

    2.How long have you already had the same job?

    3.What problems with your car have you had recently?

    4.What have you done in your life?

    5.What will you put on if you get an invitation to a wedding party?

    6.Where will you go if you receive a chance to travel?

    7.What countries have you already been to?

    8.What is the most unusual place you have been to?

    9.What are the most impressive sights you have seen in your life?

    10.What is the most important thing you have ever lost?

    2.Read the information and speak about these people. Then speak about yourself.

    . .


    Example:

    Natalie has been to/has visited the United Kingdom. She has had three jobs.

    3.Complete the dialogue taking the phrases.

    .

    And Ive had holidays in five others.

    James, how many jobs have you had?

    I havent done much in my life.

    So, for five hours.

    Ive only been to two.

    Sorry, but she hasnt rung yet.

    James, how many countries have you been to?

    James: Hello, Julia! Arent there any messages for me?

    Julia: Are you expecting a message?

    James: Well, I asked Susan Warren to call me. Its quite important.

    Julia: .....................................................

    James: And how long have you been here?

    Julia: Ive been here since half past seven. ....................................................

    James: And why did you come so early?

    Julia: Ive got a lot of work to do at the moment.... .....................................................

    James: Well, I have had three other jobs. Why?

    Julia: Oh, Im just interested. ............................................................................

    James: Ive worked in England and Ireland, thats two. ........................................Thats seven. But why do you want to know?

    Julia: Seven countries! ............................................................

    James: Julia, why all these questions? How many jobs have I had? How many countries have I been to? What do they mean?

    Julia: Well, James. .........................................................

    James: I wouldnt say that!

    Julia: And Ive decided to leave. Ive decided to leave MAP Advertising.

    4.Read the information about Tom Hall and answer the questions below.

    .


    1.How many jobs has he had?

    ...........................................................................................

    2.Which languages has he learnt?

    ...........................................................................................

    3.Where has he worked as a designer?

    ...........................................................................................

    4.Which countries has he lived in?

    ...........................................................................................

    5.Where did he get married?

    ...........................................................................................

    6.Where has he been on business for MAP?

    ...........................................................................................

    7.How long has he been married?

    ...........................................................................................

    5.Read and try to learn the dialogue.

    .

    Tom Hall: Julia! Whats the matter?

    Julia: Ive lost my briefcase. Or perhaps somebody has taken it. I dont know.

    Tom Hall: Oh, no. How did it happen? Sit down. Was there anything important in it?

    Julia: Important! My cheque book, all the papers I need for work, my appointment book...

    Tom Hall: Thats terrible. But how did you lose your briefcase?

    Julia: Well, as you know I was with a client all morning and we had lunch together. After I had lunch, I went shopping. And when I wanted to buy something, I couldnt find my cheque book. Then I recollected that it was in my briefcase. And the briefcase was in my car.

    Tom Hall: So you went back to your car...

    Julia: I went back to my car. No briefcase.

    Tom Hall: And then you went to the police?

    Julia: Not immediately. Before I went to the police station, I called the clients office. No luck. They said the briefcase wasnt there.

    Tom Hall: (the phone is ringing) Yes, I am listening...Yes...Yes...Thank you.

    Julia: Who was it?

    Tom Hall: That was the manager of the Europa restaurant. Just after lunch today he found a black leather briefcase under a table.

    Julia: Yes?

    Tom Hall: When he opened the case, he found a lot of papers. He said that they had the name MAP on them. And he found a cheque book with your name on it.

    6.Read this text.

    .

    A Californian Firefighter

    Christine Bahr works as a firefighter in California. She has worked here for almost ten years. She has seen a lot of accidents in her life. She is recollecting a fire that happened in Oakland not far from San Francisco.

    In the morning she had a lot of work to do in the office. Then she heard the reports of fire and set off for Oakland.

    She was shocked. When they turned a corner, they saw a 30-foot jet of gas shoot out at them a broken gas line. When they turned another corner, there was a spluttering transformer. Everywhere there were power lines and burning vegetation.

    When they got to the place, they were asked to fight an attic fire in one of the homes. After they made entry into the house, they climbed up a narrow staircase into a small room. And she only had a second to look around before the room filled with smoke, and it was too hard to stand up. So, they went down, back to the stairs.

    Then Christine saw the photographs hanging on the wall. She felt that the people were going to lose their home. She thought: If I take these photos, they will at least have something. So, she snatched them off the wall, grabbed a towel and put them down in a neighbours yard.

    It was awful to see so much burning. It was like someone dropped a bomb on Oakland.

    A. Retell the text

    B. Ask five questions about the text


    LESSON 10. What will happen


    LEAD-IN

    1.Answer the questions about yourself.

    .

    1.Do you believe in fortune-telling?

    2.What do you think will change in the future in your family?

    3.What will change in our country?

    4.What will change in the world?

    5.What will you do in summer?

    6.Where will your children go for their summer holidays?

    7.What car are you going to buy?

    8.How are you going to improve your family welfare?

    9.If you find a new job, what job will it be?

    10.What will you do as soon as you learn to speak English well?

    2.Make up some true sentences about your future. Use the phrases given.

    .

    .


    3.Complete the stories. Use the correct verb forms.

    . .


    4.Give these sentences in English.

    .

    1. , .

    .....................................................................................

    2. , .

    ......................................................................................

    3. .

    ......................................................................................

    4. ?

    .....................................................................................

    5. , .

    .....................................................................................

    6. , .

    .......................................................................................

    FOCUS ON VOCABULARY

    Nouns

    1.colleague

    2.staff

    3.declaration ,

    4.marriage ,

    5.matrimony

    6.symbol ,

    7.token ,

    8.witness

    9.registrar -

    10.fog

    11.intelligence , ,

    12.light

    13.conclusion ,

    To draw a conclusion

    14.forecast ,

    weather forecast

    15.headquarters ,

    16.observation

    17.preparation

    18.showers

    19.sunshine

    20.world ,

    Adjectives/Participles

    1.cool

    2.sunny

    3.windy

    4.rainy

    5.talented

    6.ground-based

    Ground-based observations

    7.famous ,

    8.lawful

    9.solemn

    10.educational

    Educational computer ,

    11.hard , ,

    12.low

    low flame

    13.beneficial ,

    14.thick

    Thick soup

    Verbs

    1.boil

    2.bake ,

    At the bakers

    3.fry

    Fried fish

    4.persuade

    5.declare /

    6.book

    to book seats

    7.steal (stole-stolen) ,

    8.apply

    to apply for help

    Adverbs

    1.solemnly

    2.probably

    3.fast

    4.continuously

    5.nearly ,

    Ive read nearly 500 pages.

    6.not quite

    Word Combinations

    1.on and off

    2.get married to smb / -

    3.registry office

    4.Many Happy Returns (on that day)

    5.Well done! , !

    6.Cheers! !

    7.Here is to (you)

    8.a leaving party

    9.fortune-teller

    10.carry on (doing smth)

    11.an awful lot of

    12.clear away ( , )

    13.Middle East

    14.to grow dark

    It is growing/getting dark.

    15.it rains/snows /

    1.Match the word with the translation.

    .


    2.Make word combinations.

    .


    3.Make up sentences using the words. Ask a question to it with the word given below.

    , .

    , .

    Example: beneficial, marriage

    ...solemn

    Your marriage was very beneficial. Was the marriage solemn?

    1.showers, world

    ...conclusion

    ................................................................................................................

    2.to apply, registrar

    ...carry on

    ................................................................................................................

    3.to persuade, to get married to

    ...continuously

    ................................................................................................................

    4.hard, forecast

    ...to steal

    ................................................................................................................

    5.low, to fry

    ...thick

    ................................................................................................................

    6.to book, colleague

    ...on and off

    ................................................................................................................

    7.witness, declaration

    ...famous

    ................................................................................................................

    8.an awful lot of, preparation

    ...staff

    ................................................................................................................

    4.Translate into English.

    .


    Language focus 1

    Talking about weather


    5.Complete the dialogues.

    .

    1.

    Julia:..........................................................................................................

    Mother: Im afraid it is going to rain. Dont leave your umbrella at home.

    2.

    James: Havent you heard the weather forecast for today?

    Dan: .........................................................................................................

    James: Do you think it will get warmer tomorrow?

    Dan: .........................................................................................................

    3.

    Julia: Its raining cats and dogs. ........................................................................

    Max: Oh, its ten above zero.

    Julia: Are we going to have these showers tomorrow?

    Max: .........................................................................................................

    Julia: How about last year? Was it the same?

    Max: .........................................................................................................

    4.

    Julia:.....................................................................................................

    James: Oh, yes! Its great!

    Julia: Do you think it will snow tomorrow?

    James:....................................................................................................

    6.Describe the weather.

    .

    A. in the Moscow region in mid-summer

    ...............................................................................................................

    ...............................................................................................................

    ...............................................................................................................

    B. in the Crimea in October

    ...............................................................................................................

    ...............................................................................................................

    ...............................................................................................................

    C. in Siberia in mid-winter

    ...............................................................................................................

    ...............................................................................................................

    ...............................................................................................................

    D. in your town in spring

    ...............................................................................................................

    ...............................................................................................................

    ...............................................................................................................

    7.Make up your own dialogues.

    .


    Language focus 2

    Conversational phrases

    ,


    8.Answer the following questions, each time using two of the phrases listed above.

    , .

    1.Are you going to travel this summer?

    ..................................................................................................................

    2.What will the weather be like tomorrow?

    ..................................................................................................................

    3.Are you going to get married soon?

    ..................................................................................................................

    4.What are you going to learn to cook?

    ..................................................................................................................

    5.What do you think about fortune-telling?

    ..................................................................................................................

    6.Is matrimony beneficial?

    ..................................................................................................................

    7.Have you ever stolen anything?

    ..................................................................................................................

    8.Are you going to live here continuously?

    ..................................................................................................................

    9.Complete the sentences.

    .

    1.What concerns my job, I.................................................................................

    2.As for my wife, she.......................................................................................

    3.To be honest, I have never...............................................................................

    4.In my opinion the weather forecast.....................................................................

    5.On the whole, food preparation..........................................................................

    6.No doubt, the wedding ceremony........................................................................

    7.What concerns the staff, they.............................................................................

    8.He has made up his mind to ..............................................................................

    9.As far as I know, India ....................................................................................

    10.I am thinking about.....................................................................................

    11.I didnt mean to..........................................................................................

    12.The chances are that......................................................................................

    10.Make up short stories expressing your opinion. Use the words suggested and the conversational phrases above.

    , . , .

    A: get dark, an awful lot of, rainy, showers, carry on, on and off, nearly.

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    B: draw a conclusion, preparation, colleagues, apply for help, educational.

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    C: thick soup, beneficial, bake, boil, fry, probably, persuade.

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    D: solemn, get married to, talented, book, registry office, staff, marriage.

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    E: intelligence, staff, headquarters, observation, continuously.

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................

    FOCUS ON GRAMMAR

    Language focus 1

    Tenses review

    1.Give examples. Use the verbs and adverbs given.

    . .


    2.Complete the questions.

    .

    When........................................................................................?

    Has he.......................................................................................?

    Does she....................................................................................?

    How often do they.........................................................................?

    How long.....................................................................................?

    Are they......................................................................................?

    Why will he..................................................................................?

    Is she..........................................................................................?

    Did they.......................................................................................?

    What are you.................................................................................?

    Have you......................................................................................?

    Who will......................................................................................?

    Was she.......................................................................................?

    Who has.......................................................................................?

    Where were...................................................................................?

    3.Translate these sentences using the Past Simple or Present Perfect Tenses.

    , .

    .

    ?

    - ?

    .

    ?

    , .

    ?

    ?

    .


    4.Find one mistake in each sentence.

    .


    Language focus 2

    Complex Object

    Complex Object :

    1.I want them to do it. , .

    I would like her to book the seats. , .

    He expects me to come soon. / , .

    He knows her to be a good student. , .

    2.I saw him opening the door. , / ( )

    I saw him open the door. , / ( )

    I heard him playing the piano. , .

    I heard her call my name. , .

    She noticed them crossing the street. , .

    He noticed her cross the street. , .

    He felt her watching him. , .

    I felt them touch me. , .

    3.My mother made me eat soup. .

    :

    I was made to eat soup. .

    5.Complete the sentences.

    .

    1.I want him to.......................................................................................

    2.They would like her to...........................................................................

    3.She made them....................................................................................

    4.I saw them.........................................................................................

    5.He saw the birds..................................................................................

    6.I expected them to................................................................................

    7.She wants her sister to...........................................................................

    8.He was made to...................................................................................

    9.He knew her friend to be........................................................................

    10.I didnt expect you to...........................................................................

    11.She felt the baby.................................................................................

    12.He heard the boss................................................................................

    13.My partner was made to........................................................................

    14.They noticed Bob...............................................................................

    6.Answer the questions.

    .

    1.Would you like your wife/husband to help you in learning English?

    2.Have you ever seen the sun coming out?

    3.Will you be made to prepare a report soon?

    4.Have you ever noticed your children stealing?

    5.How do you want the world to change?

    6.Have you ever felt the snow falling down on your face?

    7.What can make you change your plans?

    8.Do you expect your relatives to arrive soon?

    9.Do you know anyone to be particularly talented?

    10.Have you ever heard your wife speaking a foreign language?

    7.Make up your own sentences with the verbs given.

    .

    : was made, steal

    I was made to steal the money from the shop.

    wanted, apply

    ..............................................................................................................

    would like, continue

    ..............................................................................................................

    felt, look

    ..............................................................................................................

    noticed, persuade

    .............................................................................................................

    made, declare

    ..............................................................................................................

    saw, get married

    ..............................................................................................................

    expect, try

    .............................................................................................................

    will be made, fry

    .............................................................................................................

    heard, call

    ............................................................................................................

    8.Translate into English.

    .

    1. , .

    .............................................................................................................

    2. , .

    .............................................................................................................

    3. .

    .............................................................................................................

    4. , .

    .............................................................................................................

    5. , .

    .............................................................................................................

    6. , .

    .............................................................................................................

    7. , / .

    .............................................................................................................

    READINGAND SPEAKING PRACTICE

    1.Answer the questions.

    .

    1.Are you desperate to find out what will happen to you in the future?

    2.Do you believe fortune-tellers?

    3.How would you like your life to change?

    4.Are you eager to apply for a new job?

    5.Have you ever thought about changing your lifestyle/diet/job?

    6.What will our world be like in 10/20/50 years time?

    7.Do you expect the weather to change soon?

    8.What would you like your children to be?

    9.What do you expect your wife to cook today?

    10.Do you expect your children to become world-famous?

    2.Make up stories using the words.

    .

    A. beneficial, want smb. to cook, famous, to bake, thick, to fry, to boil, to apply for help, on the whole.

    B. witness, matrimony, wedding dress, to declare, to persuade, to draw a conclusion, talented, as for me, she was eager to, she expected him to come.

    C. what concerns, an awful lot of information, lawful act, to book, dont expect them to.

    D. token of love, to get married, he knew her to be, to be honest, chances are that, he saw her..., registrar.

    3.Answer the questions. Pay attention to the use of different tenses

    . .


    4.Make up short stories using the verbs.

    , .


    5.Read the dialogue. Fill in the missing words.

    . .

    eager, get, decided, look for, as, going, if, am, will

    Julia: My last day at MAP Advertising.

    James: What are you ..................... to do? Have you .................... yet?

    Julia: Not really. I think Ill go to Germany and ....................... a job there. I hope I ......... doing the right thing.

    James: Oh, youll be OK.

    Julia: What about you, James? Where .................. you be five years from now?

    James: What a question! Ill .................... married and have two children.

    Julia: Really?

    James: Of course not. .................... for me, I dont know where Ill be five years from now. Im ................... to stay in advertising as I like it. Will you get married?

    Julia: Perhaps. ........................ I meet the right man, Ill get married.

    6.Match the questions to the appropriate answers.

    .

    Norman Stephens: registrar


    7.Read this text.

    .

    John Kettley, the weather forecaster

    John Kettley is a weather forecaster on TV. We wanted him to tell us about the way they receive the information about the weather.

    He says that an awful lot of preparation goes on at their headquarters. All the information including ground-based observation, satellite information, radar pictures goes into the super-computer.

    Their team of forecasters handle that information. And then they come to a conclusion for the next 2448 hours or so.

    As an example, John gives the weather forecast for the next few days. He starts up in the north. Tokyo: round about 1819 degrees and missing most of the rain. Nagasaki, though, will get the rain; temperatures about 13 degrees. In China and Korea it is very warm too. Beijing: about 27 degrees, with most of the rain clearing away by the end of the week.

    Over into India now, plenty of hot sunshine there, but with the showers in Sri-Lanka.

    A. Retell the text

    B. Ask five questions about the text

    C. Answer the questions

    1.Where do the forecasters prepare the information?

    2.How do they receive this information?

    3.Will it rain in Tokyo?

    4.What will be the temperature in Nagasaki?

    5.Will it be sunny in India?

    ASSIGNMENT 10

    LESSON 10

    PART 1

    Choose the correct word.

    .


    PART 2

    Ten sentences out of fifteen have a mistake in them. Find and correct it.

    . .


    PART 3

    Translate the sentences.

    .








     

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